The incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II surrounding and leading up to the events which caused the outbreak of the 1917 Russian Revolution can be said to be the main cause of this event as all the main causes can be traced back to the Tsar’s lack of the leadership skills required to run Russia successfully through times of war and national reform. Tsar Nicholas’ failure to adapt to the changing politics of European society and command his country with the strength and skills needed led directly to the causes of the 1917 February/March revolution through his neglect during the 1905 revolution as well as contribution to the causes of those uprisings, the lack or incompletion of social and economic reforms throughout Russia at the turn of the 20th century, Russia’s involvement in World War 1 (WW1) and the Tsar’s incompetence in military leadership, and the failing of the backward thinking Romanov rule as Russian civilians became disillusioned by their Tsar by the suffering indirectly implemented on them by his mistakes. The 1905 revolution is one of the main events which led up to the revolution in 1917. This uprising was caused primarily by the Russo-Japanese war, the political policies of the Tsar, the Bloody Sunday massacre, the failure of modernisation and industrialisation, and the October manifesto.
This strike resulted in much chaos as it led to 1 death, 30 casualties and the arrest of leaders of the Central Strike Committee (Reilly, Skikavich). Hence, the end of World War I led to a
The decline and fall of the Roman Empire in the West between A.D. 197 and A.D. 476 There have been many theories as to what caused the decline and eventual fall of the great Roman Empire in the West between A.D. 197 and A.D. 476. Political, military and economic issues were mainly responsible for the fall of Rome in the West. There is strong proof that these were the three main causes. To expand on political problems, things such as corruption were an enormous contributing factor as well as lack of strong leadership. Military issues were those of the problematic situation of expanding borders, barbarian knowledge of military tactics, and the resulting end in loss of control over the Empire.
The Roman Empire was a powerful and has affected the world we live in today, but it was not always successful. The Roman Empire was at its greatest extent at the death of Emperor Trajan in 117 AD, when it included all the lands around the Mediterranean and extended to Britain, the Black Sea, and Mesopotamia.i At the Battle of Adrianople in 378 AD, the Eastern Emperor Valens was defeated and many historians agree that this marks the beginning of the end of the Roman Empire. ii “But the decline of Rome was the natural and inevitable effect of immoderate greatness. Prosperity ripened the principle of decay; the causes of destruction multiplied with the extent of conquest; and, as soon as time or accident had removed the artificial supports, the stupendous fabric yielded to the pressure of its own weight.
The reasons to why the Habsburg empire came to its eventual demise are usually rooted in two different arguments. There is the nationalism argument which states that the Habsburg empire fell because the rise of nationalism was bound to be “a sentence of death upon an Empire consisting of at least eleven different ethnic groups” (Pelling 11) and there are those that argue that the monarchy collapsed because of its foreign policy decisions. Arguably, the demise of the Empire was influenced by various factors like the rise of nationalism and its foreign policy issues. However, as this essay points out, these may not be the biggest reasons as to why the Habsburg empire fell.
In the 5th to 15th centuries, the merciless attacks from barbarians caused the Holy Roman Empire to fall, destroying the bond that held Europe together. Unstable without sufficient leadership or societal order, Europe resorted to rule under the barbarians. This fateful turn of events entered a new era of annihilation which led Europe into darkness for ten centuries. In a dark era, one faces fear, disorder and discomfort. The Middle Ages is best renamed the Dark Ages because the lack of organization created discomfort.
Positivity arose from his complete renovation of the Russian government, area, and culture, along with his first wife, who tamed him some. His personal murdering capital, emotional breakdowns, and inconsistently erotic and voluptuous lifestyle, however, has pegged him as one of the most ruthless leaders in monarch history. Born the grandson of former Russian prince Ivan III or Ivan the Great, Ivan IV had a less fortunate fate that started at a young age. He was born August 25, 1530 in Grand Duchy of
After the Tsar had abdicated the Provisional Government made the decision to stay in WWI. This is arguably the worst decision of the Provisional Government. Russia was losing the war and was large masses of soldiers were dying. This led to war weariness among both soldiers, who believed they were dying in vain, and citizens who were losing family members and experiencing the internal problems caused by the war. This war weariness was further intensified by the food shortages Russia was experiencing.
The consequences of the War of 1812 were very severe. New England despised the Federalist Party, which tried to secede from the Union. This led to the downfall of the Federalist Party. The US faced several defeats by the British, who were in much debt by the end of the war. Eventually, relationships between British and the US improved.
In the historical monograph Nicholas II: Twilight of the Empire, Dominic Lieven revisits the life and times of the last emperor of Russia and the Romanov dynasty—Nicholas II. Lieven analyzes Nicholas II’s life experiences from early childhood to his death during the Bolshevik Revolution. With the conviction that past studies on Nicholas II and the fall of the Russian Empire have been insufficient for better understanding the tsar’s true role in the context of his time. Lieven argues that Nicholas II was not strictly a stupid or incompetent leader, who single handedly brought and end to the Russian autocracy. Instead, Lieven suggests that numerous decisions made by the Russian tsar were in many circumstances reasonable—when considering Russia’s political, social, and economic contexts.
Peter l took the Russian throne in 1682 at the age of 10. However he didn’t take control of the government until 1689 at the age of 17. The country was poor and in ruins because it was going through the “ Times of Troubles”. This was a terrible period for Russia because it was a time that consisted of disorder and foreign invasions. The country had a weak military, bad education, a weak economy, and Russia was not progressing as much as it’s opposing countries.
Peter the great transformed Russia into one of the most powerful states in Europe with a modern and efficient military. He also made several reforms to the domestic and political structures of Russia that is still influential till now. He is a visionary and is influenced by the western world. He organize a large embassy and went to a number of European countries to learn some skills and import ideas from the western world into Russian society. Thereby transforming Russia into a modernized country.
World War I altered the lives of millions of people in one way or another, even if they were not fighting on the front lines. The citizens of European countries involved in the war saw and felt the economic, social, and political repercussions of war. The war was started due to militarism, an entangled web of alliances, strong senses of nationalism, imperialism, and the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand. In the early years of the war, the battles were glorified throughout most of Europe, while in the later years of the war, the people at home were tried of the negative effects of the war consuming their own lives; throughout Russia, however, there was a negative rhetoric from the beginning of the war. Europe was war-hungry