An exchange of ideas can be beneficial for everyone involved. A positive approach: although a solution is not always obvious, with some effort you will be able to find an appropriate alternative. Be realistic: by setting attainable goals and not expecting the impossible from yourself, you can avoid the pitfalls of disappointment. You must also learn that there will be situations over which you can exert only indirect control. You cannot achieve absolute control: by trying to control everything in your life you will only be wasting valuable energy and effort.
“...individuals in a society can exchange ideas and learn from one another…” (Biddle, page 4 paragraph 2). Collectivism allows groups to achieve a greater good together, and a greater good can be achieved from an exchange of ideas. Though this idea is plausible, it is problematic. A group would be able to come up with ideas individually in order to exchange them with one another. “...the individual, not the community, has a mind…” (Biddle, 4:2).
Develop A, B, C guidelines for group participation in decision making” (R. W. Saaty, 1987). Often AHP group decision-making takes place in heterogeneous environments after which averages are being calculated or consensus is formed. However, one of the assumptions when applying AHP is that groups participating in such an analysis are homogeneous. As stressed in this research, groups participating in AHP without being homogeneous will provide misleading outcomes. In this research it is elaborated on why most groups are heterogeneous.
Laissez-Faire leadership functions admirably in an inventive domain where workers are allowed to execute creative arrangements. 4.4 Drawbacks of Laissez-Faire Leadership Laissez-Faire leadership is not perfect in circumstances where bunch individuals do not have the information or experience they have to finish assignments and decide. A few individuals are bad at setting their own due dates, dealing with their own ventures, and taking care of issues all alone. In such circumstances, ventures can go off-track and due dates can be missed when colleagues don't get enough direction or input from leaders. Laissez-Faire leaders are frequently seen as uninvolved and pulled back, which can prompt an absence of cohesiveness inside of the gathering.
Moreover, choice of alternatives is done only when these are available. If there is only one way of solving the problem, then there is no such need. Now a decision maker needs to find out different alternatives available to solve the problem. Several sources can be used for this purpose. For example decision maker’s own past experience (past experience takes into consideration all previous actions applied by decision maker to different sets of problems.
Autocratic style of leadership which is also known to many as authoritarian leadership places focus on one individual in charge of a group is run, this individual makes all the necessary decision with little or no input from the other member of the group. An authoritarian leader is very useful especially if this individual in charge of a group that is not enthusiastic or interested in getting the work done, this allows this leader to take control of this group and make the appropriate decisions in getting the work done, this leader work based on his or her judgement and do not give what he or she considers to be important duties to the other member of the group. There are a lot of downsides to an autocratic leadership style due to the fact the autocratic leaders makes al the decisions in the group it can cause the other group members to resent them or to feel inferior to them.
Characteristics of Autocratic leadership: The following characteristics displays the leadership style of Autocratic leaders: • Dictates all process of work • Accepts virtually no involvement from individuals within the group • Leaders will determine the outcome of choices • Leaders will manage all strategies in regards to work and how they are carried out • Members within the group are infrequently trusted with decisions Autocratic leadership can be beneficial in many circumstances, for instance, when choices need to be made in a brief amount of time without discussing other detail with group members. In addition, particular activities require dominant leadership to keep members productive while reaching the end goal. In some cases, a group of unproductive individuals may encounter poor organisational skills
Furthermore, some age groups and some of the participants were excluded from the study due to some physical and cognitive inability which is considered another limitation for this study. The study could easily be replicated in other contexts. Assumptions are statements that are taken for granted or are considered through even though they have not been scientifically tested. Since assumptions influence the development and implementation of research process. Therefore, recognition of assumption by researcher is strength.
It also allows for better time management and eases one’s concentration and focus. Moreover, you get the reward solely for what you have done. There is less conflict too when individualism is involved. On the other hand, there may be less ideas and more risk when you are on your own. One has responsibility for the whole task and this may be more time consuming too.