Group Decision Making Process Analysis

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Decision making in an organization can either be done by individuals or groups. There is no rule of thumb to decide which method is preferable in all situations and generally the method chosen to make decision depends on a number of factors. For example, group decision making process usually consumes more time than individual process, but views the problem through different views which not only contributes to the accuracy of a decision but also increase the creative element.The decisions made by a group are likely to be accepted and supported as the group members actively participate in the decision making process.
Two set of activities are involved in making a decision. The first activity is to generate an idea. The second activity is to
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It has been found to be useful in generating large pools of solutions in a short time span. It is also reported to be able to generate strategic insights and creative ideas.Secondly, often group decision making process is hindered by a phenomenon called groupthink, in which the norm for consensus overrides the realistic appraisal of alternate courses of action. It often happens when a member has doubts or different views from the majority of the group.The separation of idea generation from idea evaluation prevents this from happening. Thirdly, it involves participants from diverse fields to come together and discuss the problem that leads to better analysis and solutions that might not have been possible individually. Fourthly, due to the shared ownership of ideas it leads to greater acceptance. Instead ofindividual credit, the solution is…show more content…
It is a group decision making method in which individual members meet face to face to pool their judgments in a systematic but independent fashion. In this method, each participant individually writes down his or her ideas on the problem silently and no discussion is done in this phase. The term nominal is used because there is restricted communication between members, and even though they are in a ‘group’, they work individually. After the idea generation phase, each member presents his idea or is presented by the moderator to the group. The group then discusses all ideas, contribute to them and then evaluate it on the basis of pre-set criteria. Each participant then individually votes for the idea silently. This technique allows anonymity as well as provides structure to the
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