INTRODUCTION Human always occupied by in non-logical behavior. We act inconsistently, ignore relevant evidences, jump to conclusions, and say and believe things that don’t make good sense. We deceive ourselves in many ways. Behind human irrationality are two covered and interrelated motivating stimulants. One of them is socio-centrism which is the focus of the topic.
He argued that one of the main tasks of sociology was to transform personal problems into public and political issues or vice versa. To have sociological imagination is to have “vivid awareness of the relationship between experience and the wider society" (Mills 2). Overall, sociological imagination is the concept which is based on social locators. As mentioned previously, there is a difficulty to grasp control on class, gender, and race because a person is born into these three categories. In a practical sense, my personal choices are shaped by my social locators.
Structuralism is worried with the general structure of society and the way social establishments go about as a limitation or breaking point and control singular conduct. Structuralism offers a perspective of the individual being controlled by the society they live in; Marx and Durkheim are comparative in that they can both be depicted as structuralisms, and however their individual thoughts are to some degree distinctive. Functionalism, the structural agreement sociological theory is a key theory that was produced by Emile Durkheim, one of the establishing fathers of sociology. This theory considers society to be a user structure of between related social foundations, for example, schools and the lawful framework that is in consistent agreement. Functionalists trust
Theoretically, functional analysis and the conflict theory share similarities because they both comprehend society's at a larger viewpoint and both group individuals together by class or either symbols. Rather than this functionalist approach beginning with the individual, the functionalist analysis of deviance begins with society as a whole. The functionalist perspective believes deviance serves two primary roles in creating social stability for a society. The first primary goal is systems of recognizing and punishing deviance create norms and tell members of a given society how to properly behave by laying out the guidelines of what is acceptable and unacceptable behavior. Mainly, everyone must be aware of what behaviors are considered deviant in order to avoid an unsettling society.
By means of self-categorization and membership of a group, people cultivate a social identity that functions as a social-cognitive scheme (customs, standards and attitudes) for their group associated action. The tendency is for the perceiver to consider these attributes as vital to his or her own personality and thus use these attributes to label others (Hoffman Harburg, & Maier, 2014). Some vital end results of social identity and self categorization include stereotyping, prejudice and conflict (Tajfe & Turner, 2004). That is, as the identity groups engage in in-group, the out-group members are likely to be discriminated. The formation of sub-groups (“us” versus “them”) within an organization due to demographics diversity may pose
According to the research Dumont caste system, India's knowledge is very useful, it is a common important task of sociology. He focused on the need to understand the caste ideology as reflected in the classic texts, and other examples in history. He advocated the study with the ideology of the village social structure and build in the way of India's caste system. Dumont who has been established in a non-competitive program based on the hierarchical model of Indian civilization ceremony of his
Functionalism is a theory that states all aspect of a society serve a function. Conflict theory looks at society as if it was a competition. Functionalism is a paradigm based on the assumption that society is a unified whole that functions because of the contributions of its separate structures. Conflict theory is a paradigm that sees social conflict as the basis of society and social change and the emphasizes a materialist view of society a critical view of the status quo and dynamic model of historical change. Symbolic interactionism is a paradigm that sees interaction and meaning as central to society and assumes that meanings are not inherent but are created through interactions.
association asserts that a person becomes delinquent because of an "excess" of definitions favorable to violation of law over definitions unfavorable to violation of law. However the social oder and Social Control has contradiction to engages as a parallel process. Every society has a degree of organization and thus have a social order. In societies, social order is not static it is a constant process that being produced and reproduced. This reproduction and production bound to have combined attitudes, values, practices, institutions and actions of its members.
Social phenomena include all behavior, which influences or are influenced by organisms sufficiently alive to respond to one another (Wikipedia). The activities characterizing a society determine the beliefs, desires and motives of its individual members. Even a socially accepted behavior trend defines the behavior patterns of the individuals that function in that particular society. Durkheim views suicide as sociological phenomena and not solely as an individual’s reality, establishing its validity as a social fact. The main factor that propels Durkheim’s study of society is the belief that every sociological phenomenon is unique and warrants a different kind of study that emphasizes depth over myopic interpretations.
He was focous on individual and culture he also focus on individual and their action. Methodology Weber was concerned with the question of objectivity and subjectivity.  Weber distinguished social action from social behavior, noting that social action must be understood through how individuals subjectively relate to one another. Study of social action through interpretive (Verstehen) must be based upon understanding the subjective meaning and purpose that individuals attach to their actions. Social actions may have easily identifiable and objective means, but much more subjective ends and the understanding of those ends by a scientist is subject to yet another layer of subjective understanding (that of the scientist).He was basically influenced on social research and social theory .