Group Therapy Theory

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The founders of group psychotherapy in the USA were Joseph H. Pratt, Trigant Burrow and Paul Schilder. All three of them were active and working at the East Coast in the first half of the 20th century. In 1932 Jacob L. Moreno presented his work on group psychotherapy to the American Psychiatric Association, and co-authored a monograph on the subject.[2] After World War II, group psychotherapy was further developed by Moreno, Samuel Slavson, Hyman Spotnitz, Irvin Yalom, and Lou Ormont. Yalom 's approach to group therapy has been very influential not only in the USA but across the world.
An early development in group therapy was the T-group or training group (sometimes also referred to as sensitivity-training group, human relations training group
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Another recent development in the theory and method of group psychotherapy based on an integration of systems thinking is Yvonne Agazarian 's systems-centered therapy (SCT), which sees groups functioning within the principles of system dynamics. Her method of "functional subgrouping" introduces a method of organizing group communication so it is less likely to react counterproductively to differences. SCT also emphasizes the need to recognize the phases of group development and the defenses related to each phase in order to best make sense and influence group…show more content…
However, it was in America where group therapy was first used, after Joseph H. Pratt, Trigant Burrow and Paul Schilder founded the approach in the early 20th century. After the Second World War several psychotherapists including Irvin Yalom developed the concept further. In terms of modern group therapy and group analysis in the UK, it is S.H Foulkes ' theory model that is considered the most influential.
Today, group therapy typically involves a small group of people (between seven and 12 is considered the norm) and a therapist. During the first therapy session, members of the group may start by introducing themselves and sharing why they are there. After this the therapist may encourage members to discuss their experiences and progress. The way in which a therapy session is structured will depend on the style of the therapist running the session and the nature of the concern(s) being
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