Group Work: The Five Stages Of Group Development

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An organization 's operation by efficiently and effectively is need performing from group work. “A group is forming by two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives” (Robbins & Judge, 2007, p. 300). The process of group development is dynamic. Forsyth (2006) noted that some groups are so constant that their basic developments and constructions remain unchanged for days, weeks, or even years, nevertheless such groups are rare. As introduced by Jensen (1979) with Tuckman and Jensen (1977), there are five stages in developing a group with sequences that is the forming stage, the storming stage, the norming stage, the performing stage, and the adjourning stage (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1). The first stage of group development process is forming stage. Robbins and Judge (2007) describe that forming stage is the beginning stage where members determine their surroundings and to cautiously identify what the responsibilities is and how it should get started on the task. At this stage, group members are trying to find out the value of their self in the new group and determine the value for forming a new group. Thus, members in a new group are more or less they having negative feeling or emotion such as sensitive, depression, nervous, discomforts, anxieties, moodiness and doubts during the forming stages. Briefly, they are feeling uncertain or ambiguous and confused about their new group. “In terms of
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