Guadalcanal Campaign Essay

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The Guadalcanal campaign, also known as The battle of Guadalcanal and codified by The allies as operation Watchtower, was developed between August 7, 1942 and February 9, 1943, around The island of Guadalcanal as part of the front of the Pacific of World War II. This military campaign was the largest offensive launched by the allies against the forces of the Empire of the Japan.

On August 7, 1942, allied forces, mainly Americans, initiated landings on the islands of Guadalcanal, Tulagi, and Florida (Nggela Sule), in the South of the Solomon Islands. Its aim was to prevent that these islands were used as bases from which threaten to be routes of supply between the United States, Australia and New Zealand. The Allies also sought to use Guadalcanal and Tulagi as bases that could support a campaign that would allow them to capture or neutralize the major Japanese bases on Rabaul in New Britain. The Allied forces overwhelmed and exceeded in number the of the defenders, who had occupied the Islands in May 1942, capturing Tulagi and Florida, as well as an airfield that was under construction on Guadalcanal, renamed later as "Henderson field".

Surprised by the offensive allied, the Japanese made
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Other land, sea and air units were sent to Fiji, Samoa, New Hebrides, and New Caledonia to set bases. The island of the Holy Spirit and the New Hebrides were chosen as headquarters and main base for the offensive, "Operation Watchtower" Allied code operations, and whose start was planned for August 7 of that year. Initially the offensive only included Tulagi and the islands of Santa Cruz, omitting Guadalcanal, although once the service of recognition from the allies discovered the construction of an airfield on Guadalcanal, capture this was added to the plan, leaving aside Santa
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