Guatemala Research Paper

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Guatemala is divided into 22 departments. Guatemala 's capital is the largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, and is known as Guatemala City. Guatemala City, locally known as Guatemala or Guate, is the capital and largest city of Republic of Guatemala, and the most popular in Centro America. The city is located in the south–central part of the country. Pedro Alvarado was the Spanish man who conquered what is now Guatemala by defeating the native Mayan people and making it a Spanish colony. Guatemala joins the United Provinces of Central America. In the territory of modern Guatemala was formed the core of the Mayan civilization, in which was extended across Mesoamerica. Guatemala was conquered by the Spanish Pedro de Alvarado in the…show more content…
The two seasons tend to be divided into the dry season and the wet season since the temperatures do not change much through the year.
Climate is hot and humid in the Pacific and Petén Lowlands. The temperate in the highlands is freezing cold at the high sides of the mountains range. However, it is hot and drier in the easternmost departments. Normally, the range of 3,300 feet to 6,600 feet above sea level is where the climate is subtropical all year round and is cooling almost all night. During the daytime, temperatures do not often exceed 85°F. (Geography of Guatemala)
In the Pacific Coast region of Guatemala, the weather is part of the tropical climate zone. These areas usually consist of altitudes from sea level up to 3,300 ft. and are tropic, hot and humid with daytime temperatures reaching 100° F and nights rarely dropping below 70°F. In addition to the tropical climate zone, there is also a cool zone located in high mountains of altitudes above 6,600 ft. During daytime, most of the temperatures are known to be cooler than the temperate in the nights, but sometimes it drops below freezing and frost or snow will accumulate. The only major Guatemalan city in the cool zone is Quetzaltenango, located in the northwestern highlands. (Geography of
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The president is the head of the country, head of government, and head of a diversified multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power invested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament. Both the judiciary and the electoral branch are independent of the executive and the legislature. The president and vice president are elected by the popular vote. In the case, two candidates have the same amount of votes; they will have to do it again one month after the election. We call this second round of election. The term of the presidency is four years. The Congress of the Republic has 158 members, elected for a four-year term, partially in departmental constituencies and partially by nationwide proportional representation. The Constitutional Court is court that only interprets the law in matters that affect the country 's constitution. It is composed of five judges, elected for concurrent five-year terms each with a supplant, each serving one year as president of the Court. One is elected by Congress, one elected by the Supreme Court of Justice, one is appointed by the President, one is elected by Superior Council of the University of Guatemala, and one by the Bar Association. The Supreme Court of Justices of Guatemala is the highest court and it comprises thirteen members, who serve concurrent four-year terms.
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