From the 1880s to the 1930s, the cotton service in Japan and India went through the process of mechanization. Although both Japan and India gave low wages to workers and used their machines more for production, there were more female workers in Japan while India used mostly men. However, Japan had worse factory conditions. Documents 3, 5, and 9 show the low wages the factory workers received in Japan and India during this time. Document 3 is the point of view of two Japanese women who recall their childhoods being factory workers.
Most of the men that enlisted in WW1 belonged to the working class of Australian society. This often meant that the wives of the men were left at home to look after the children without financial support of their husband who had always provided a families primary source of income. In the aftermath of WW1, in a rebuilding phase, many fields were destroyed, building were dismantled causing an increase in food prices and cost of living. Manufacturers had to rebuild and retool to produce goods. The cost was then passed on to its consumer.
They served important roles maintaining farms and many became farm managers. They strictly followed the seasons and other agricultural events while running plantations. “The Southern shortage of labor was so severe that even some black women, free and enslaved, found new opportunities to work for wages.” For elite women, many volunteered because they were wealthy enough to not need wages and instead took positions of authority for their volunteer work.  Women who worked for wages included immigrants, free colored women and working class white women because they needed the money in order to take care of their families.  While African American women did receive wages for their work many free and enslaved African American women held jobs that were more physically difficult and daunting than white working class women.
By the early 1800’s America began transitioning from an agriculture based economy to industrial production. After Thomas Jefferson's’ Embargo Act of 1807 that cut off all exports from the United States, domestic production boomed. Americans were forced to depend solely on themselves, developing economic independence. Inventions such as Eli Whitney’s cotton gin and railroads lead to industrial production and textiles. By 1815 there were hundreds of textile mills, spurring the growth of the Lowell factory system.
Andrew Carnegie was born on November 25, 1835 in Scotland and died August 11, 1919 in Massachusetts. He was an American industrialist who led the expansion of the steel industry. During Carnegie’s childhood, an economic downturn resulted in his family moving to Pennsylvania. At age 14, Carnegie became a messenger in a telegraph office, where he eventually became the secretary and telegrapher of Thomas Scott, a superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. In 1859, he rose above Scott as superintendent of the railroad’s Pittsburgh division.
Ancient legends often conceal Singapore’s early history, but historians now know that Singapore contained cities, albeit being extremely small. The most significant of these cities was Temasek, the ‘Sea Town’. It was situated on the edge of Singapore, and when it was at its peak of prosperity, it displayed a glamorous earthen city wall and a moat that kept intruders out. Archeological digs have uncovered jewellry, coins and even pottery which dates back to the 14th century, with the goods originating from multiple societies, like China, India and Sri Lanka. That showed that Temasek was a widely known and accepted trading port and a multi-cultural city.
Retrieved from Oyez: https://www.oyez.org/cases/1971/70-18 McBride, A. (2006, December). Expanding Civil Rights. (PBS) Retrieved November 24, 2015, from PBS: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/landmark_casey.html Planned Parenthood of Southeastern PA v. Casey. (2015).
They were no longer self-sufficient and their barter-based economy was replaced by a cash-based system. Cash was earned at wage-paying jobs, made readily available by cotton mills and other manufactories. Typically, in the 1840s and 1850s, women went off to the cotton mills to earn wages, while men either worked as artisans or traveled far (with the increased reach of railroad) to find work.4 Hodes paints a number of scenes in which she demonstrates fractures; Eunice’s father abandoning the family; her mother going away to marry someone else, her husband leaving for the South to find work and finally the fracture between North and South regarding different ideas about slavery.5 On the other hand, English claims that it was because women spent so much time together in the cotton mills, that they were able to create networks that enabled the support and bonding between
The significant informalization of the Dominican Republic’s economy has its roots in the economic decline of the 1980s and tied to the fall in the revenues from the sugar exports. The Dominican Republic is a country with the legacy of colonial rule and plantation slavery. Its economic, political, and social sphere were formed under the influence of colonizers that ruled the island with the goal to exploit to the fullest the wealth produced by plantations. The harmful consequences of the plantation economy were persistent in the course of the twentieth century: the sustainable development of the Dominican Republic’s economy was still directly connected to and determined by the sugar trade. Therefore, when the economic crisis of the 1980s began and the price on sugar plummeted worldwide it had damaging economic consequences: unemployment rate grew and inflation rose (Sanchez Taylor 1).