Parmentier WOSSE 18-003 INSURGENCY The Revolutionary war was a catalyst to bring a nation together and introduce insurgency and guerilla tactics to help beat a more formidable opponent. Insurgency tactics used by the militia brought the British Army to a point of shame, by disrupting and wearing down the fighting spirit of the British. We will look at the first insurgency and how militiamen, made of farmers and tradesmen, used insurgency, and guerilla tactics, to wear down the British army and help the Colonial army, win the war. Phase one- Survival: The building phase was completed at this point from wars fought in previous years. Many had fought in the French and Indian War where they learned how to fight and use guerrilla tactics. The …show more content…
They wanted to be a country of an independent and democratic government, to govern themselves under a system that would give them equality. Phase two- Small Scale Offensive: The first small scale offensive took place on April 19, 1775 in the towns of Lexington and Concord. General Thomas Gage, a commander in the British North America was to make a raid of ammunition and to arrest some known radicals Boot, 2013). General Gage’s men consisted of infantrymen and grenadiers and were extremely well trained soldiers, met a small number of militia of local farmers armed with muskets. The militia commanded by Captain John Parker knew he needed to keep the advantage and told his men “Don’t fire unless fired upon!” (Boot, 2013). No one knows who fired the first shot, but some militia was killed in this short fight. The British continued their march to Concord, where hundreds and then thousands of militia met them (Boot, 2013). The British did not like the fighting tactics of the militia and a British captain was heard saying “The most …show more content…
Regulars and militia focused their attacks on scouting missions of small groups of British soldiers, making it hard to replenish the British with supplies, and this helped drive the British out of the north. After losing in the north, the British moved to the south taking Savannah and then a few years later Charleston, according to Boot, “the biggest British success” (Boot, 2013). With no Continental army left to fight in the south, a group of veteran militia, of the Cherokee War played an instrumental part in beating the British down and destroying their resolve at this time. They employed guerrilla tactics ambushing the enemy and then hiding in the local swamps and forests. The tattered Continental army along with militia used conventional and non-conventional warfare to weaken the strength of the British driving them out of south. After years of fighting the Americans, the British ended up in Yorktown. The regular army with help from the French defeated the British at Yorktown in the last battle of the war. This could not have been possible without the help according to Boot “of the bedraggled South Carolina irregulars” doing their part to weaken the British in battles in earlier years (Boot,
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In the early 1760’s, the tension between the people in Boston and the British soldiers started to grow until in early 1770, when the two groups reached their breaking point. On March 5, 1770, a group of men started intimidating a British soldier; he soon called for assistance but eventually the crowd had grown to practically one hundred people. Captain Thomas Preston and seven other soldiers arrived, trying to calm the situation down, but to no avail. A soldier fired into the crowd followed by the other soldiers firing soon after, resulting in five people being killed. Captain Thomas Preston happened to be arrested and charged with murder.
In June of 1775, 2,400 British soldiers met 1,600 militia members at Breed 's Hill. While the battle took place at Breed 's Hill, it 's famously called the Battle of Bunker Hill. In the middle of the night the militia members quietly set up at at Breed 's Hill. This forced the British to battle uphill. While it seems like the colonists had all the advantages, they ended up losing because they were extremely low on ammunition.
On the evening of March 5th, 1770 on the cold streets of Boston, a group of British soldiers gunned down a crowd gathered in protest. What started as a group of young men harassing a guard would quickly escalate into what would later be referred to as the Boston Massacre as well as serve as fuel for the growing anger of the colonists towards Britain. This paper will analyze two accounts of this event. One is of a civilian observer by the name of William Wyatt whose account, while short, is to the point. The other is that of Captain Thomas Preston, the commanding officer of the soldiers involved who gives a much more dramatic description of the event.
The war in the south became the strategic point of attack for the British. With Cornwallis having major victories in key southern towns such as Savannah and Charleston, British forces were on the rise and pushing north. Cornwallis continued to push north chasing the southern colonial army with Nathaniel Greene in command. Greene found success by never attacking Cornwallis’s full force, but by small units and gorilla style warfare. Always staying a step ahead by being a lighter moving and staying unpredictable with his movements, Greene finally lost Cornwallis on the Dan River in Virginia.
The colonists won the War for Independence due to their superior tactics and soldiering. We won the war because the people of that time had the will to fight. We mainly won the war because of the French. Until the French decided to give aid, our soldiers most likely did not have enough weapons and ammunition. I imagine that there would have been more battles like Breed 's Hill without them.
The British then began to march forward onto the hill. “The British eventually took the hill but at a great coast.” (ushistory.org) The day after, the battle of Bunker hill the patriots retreated and reorganized. The patriots lost less men than the British had lost but even with the aont of men lost the British still had managed to take the hill.
America has evolved quite a bit in the last two hundred years, alog with that , the way we fight wars has also changed. During the revolutionary war, the two opposing parties would stand on an open field in lines and take shots at each other. The rebelling colonists did use guerilla warfare quite often though. Guerilla warfare is when a fighting force uses stealth and ambush attacks to beat the enemy. During this time, themain weapon of choice for bothsides was the flintlock musket.
The American Revolution or Revolutionary War, was a battle fought between the years of 1775-1783. In this battle, Great Britain and the original thirteen colonies of America, fought for America’s independence. From this war, America was able to separate itself from Great Britain and claim its independence, making America a free country. There were a large number of reasons as to why the Revolutionary War began. First, the British were still in control of the thirteen North American colonies.
Military conflicts often produce unanticipated social transformations. The case of the American Revolutionary War is no exception. The war had awakened a new class consciousness through the struggle over who would rule and who would fight. Slaves and Indians began to see their way of life change by the outcome of the war and women began to expand their role within the home. But, not all things changed for these groups.
As the British men approached the colonists on the ‘Green’, they appeared to be a strong, moving force. They wore fine clothes, the colonists: casual. They were orderly, the colonists: unorganized. However, there was a difference that contrasted both armies. Skill and the need for freedom.
In the first place, the British soldiers had great strengths in the American revolution,
”3 Because of Francis Marion’s tactics, the Lieutenant failed in his attempt to find the militia. Joining General gates in the Battle of Camden, Marion was in command of the Williamsburg Militia.3 The militia consisted of irregulars such as farmers, whites and blacks, free and slave, and Native Americans. It’s believed that this band of men was the first integrated fighting force in America. This militia never fought in head-on warfare. Instead, they defeated many larger enemy groups and had many victories using guerilla warfare.
The British controlled the center of the town, which was called the Charleston, and the patriots controlled the surrounding area. This chapter also talks about the troops that were set up in Boston. The American soldiers didn’t have a really neat or set up camp which caused them to have allotted of diseases. General Israel Putman was one of the bravest hero’s of the Bunker Hill battle. McCullough mentions that there are African American on both sides of the war with patriots and some with the British with the promise for freedom Washington had to deal with many problems with the army such as the enlistments, pay and more which resulted in fewer soldiers coming for war.
For instance, small groups of Americans would ambush British soldiers marching through the dense, New York forests. They would attempt to shoot British leaders and obscure their path
In 1775, the American colonies won the Revolutionary war against Great Britain. The war resulted in America’s independence from Britain and contributed to major fundamental changes in American history. The Americans had a number of advantages that helped them win the war against Britain, however they also faced tremendous difficulty prior to winning the war. To begin, the Americans were outnumbered against a professional, fully equipped army of 50,000 British troops. Unlike the British army, the American army consisted of 20,000 inexperienced troops and faced desperate shortages of firearm, uniforms, and food.