Guillian Barre Syndrome Case Study

724 Words3 Pages
Carlos Sanchez
Mr. Gilla
Period 3
January, 19 2018
Guillian Barre Syndrome Problem Statement:
Guillain Barre Syndrome is a type of autoimmune system disease that affects the brain and movement of muscles. One to two in one hundred thousand get affected. Guillian Barre can develop at any age; however older ages are affected more. Men are more likely to get Guillian Barre than women. Countries that had the Zika Virus usually get affected the most, as studies have shown. While Guillian Barre Syndrome might be rare, it is a disorder that must be treated immediately to save a life. History/Literature Review:
The first case of Guillain Barre was in 1916, during World War 1. Guillian Barre gets its name from the scientists named George Guillian, Jean Alexandre Barre and Andre Sthrol. Guillian and Barre studied neurology and were doctors for the French army. They reported a case where two soldiers were half paralyzed. Both the soldiers,
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The peripheral nervous system is the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord. These nerves send signals to the brain and from the brain to the muscles which helps us move. When Guillian barre affects the nerves, the brain cannot receive information for movement. Going back to the immune system, the immune system begins to attack myelin sheath that surround the axons of the peripheral nerves. Once the myelin sheath is damaged, they cannot send signals to the brain efficiently. The brain then loses control and cannot send signals for movement and may lead to paralysis in certain parts of the body. The main reason scientists believe the immune system attacks the peripheral nerves is because the immune system mistakes the nerves as invaders. Sometimes there is a chance that the peripheral nerves may share common traits like a foreign material and may lead to Guilin Barre
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