Nearly 11 million gallons of oil was spilled into the Gulf of Alaska. That’s as much as 125 Olympic-size swimming pools. Secondly, the Exxon Valdez oil spill covered 1,300 square miles, damaging many different ecosystems. The spill killed many animals, including 250,000 seabirds, 2,800 otters, and 300 harbor seals. It also killed 250 bald eagles, 22 killer whales, and countless salmon and herring.
Fifteen thousand spectators gathered to watch the inferno and the thousands of barrels of crude oil which flowed through Long Beach streets like a river. A storage tank failure was ruled as the cause of the explosion which was the worst accident in the history of the Signal Hill oil field. The victims of the Richfield disaster are not buried at either Sunnyside or the Municipal Cemetery, but there are oil workers who are. Working in any oil field could lead to accidents, as sixty-six year-old Albert Loper (1850-10/27/1916) discovered on October 27, 1916. Loper was an engineer at an oil refinery in Tulsa, Oklahoma, when a boiler exploded and Loper was submerged in boiling oil.
Deepwater Horizon spill (MBR) This devastating event began the 20 of April 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico. it took away with it eleven lives and injuring seventeen more it is considered the largest oil spill ever in the history of the petroleum industry. For about 87 days there was a sea-floor oil gusher, until the 15 of July
On an individual basis, cases caused by accidents seemingly should not require recompense. If this were the case though, massive deficits would form due to the imperfection of humanity that could easily be avoided with the at fault party repaying. Looking at the Exxon Valdez spill, at the basis of it, the fault was an accident. The wreck was caused by a simple miscommunication between the captain and the helmsman of the ship, which led to a course directly towards icebergs, and thus, the crash.
The devastation of hurricane Irma was wide-spread and will take years to fully recover from. The total damage Hurricane Irma caused is calculated to be around $100 billion. The damage ranged from destruction of houses and building to 6.8 million people being without electricity (O’Hara, Kristy). The storm caused 38 casualties in the Caribbean and 34 in Florida. Irma flooded the entire area, leaving some places with hip-high water; buildings were lost, and caused destruction to anything that stood in the way.
During that day the plant began refining natural gas, releasing hydrogen sulphide which is very deadly into the atmosphere. This gas was trapped near the ground and resulted in deaths of 22 people and 320 were hospitalized. The weather condition which was foggy together with the toxic released was held responsible for the death of people in Poza Rica. (Usepa, 2003) 2.6. London Fog (1952) The most dramatic and detrimental incident occurred in London Fog.
By upsetting the natural environment of the largest city of Louisiana, Katrina has not only led to ecological impacts but also health and financial. In fact, when Katrina swept over the coast, all human constructs were affected. Communications, roads, port, public buildings, hospitals, schools, businesses and homes were destroyed. The assessment could stop there, but it is really just a preamble to all the problems that were created by the sudden disappearance of a whole system. The destruction of buildings and infrastructure has had very different effects on the quality of life of the population, and at various time scales.
A tsunami event that occurred in 2004 , called the Boxing Day Tsunami, displaced 1.7 million and injured half a million of souls. A total of 230,000 people were killed (Telegraph,2014). Tsunamis are giant ocean waves that are triggered by an earthquakes or volcanic eruptions. These ocean waves will grow in height as they travel inland, due to the depth of the ocean decreasing. The world responded with donations and relief efforts to countries affected which included Indonesia, Thailand, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Burma and Maldives.
The large amount of water flooding the country can destroy buildings, roads and infrastructure, and in the evacuation drop people off each other, gridlock occurs, power supply and telecommunications goes down and entire communities may be left marginalized in 1908 hit a tsunami Messina in southern Italy that killed 80,000 people . In 1998 hit Papua New Guinea by a tsunami that destroyed towns and killed about 2200 people and 26 December 2004 happens one of our greatest natural disaster when a large earthquake on the seabed in the Indian Ocean caused a massive tsunami that among other things affected the coasts Sri Lanka, India, Thailand and Indonesia. The destruction was catastrophic and at least 230,000 people lost their lives in the disaster, including 543 Swedish
Much of the trash such as glass and plastic can be recycled at port, but if it is not recycled, it is incinerated and then dumped at sea, contributing to the floating plastic debris that has a serious effect on a wide range of marine organisms. According to the Coast Guard there is more the one million birds and 100,000 marine mammals that die each year from ingesting or becoming entangled in plastic debris. In addition to this waste, industries onboard generate waste from photo shops, print shops, x-ray development, batteries, paint, and solvents. These toxic wastes have been known to cause death and reproductive failure in a number of marine
Streets are crammed with emergency vehicles, and traffic jams hold up the final roadways. News reporter Olivia Esposito put it best as: “The earthquake killed more than 60 people, injured almost 4,000, and left several thousand Californians homeless.” Undoubtedly, tons of people’s homes and appliances get destroyed due to earthquakes. According to the Earthquake Insurance Claim Form, over $8,000 are spent on bathroom appliances and more than $9,000 are used for bedrooms because of broken windows, displaced floors, and cracked closet walls. Strong earthquakes that hit people’s homes not only destroy their homes, but leave a grand amount of people homeless. As a result, earthquakes affect the Earth, people, and property on it.
PASSPORTS AND VISAS DAMAGED BY HURRICANES HARVEY AND IRMA Following the devastation that ravaged Florida and Texas early September after Hurricane Harvey and Irma left hundreds homeless, jobless and emotionally distraught, America Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA), in a bid to ease the suffering of immigrants published a document titled “CBP Practice Alert.” The document was targeted at foreign nationals owning water-damaged passports and visas as a result of Hurricane Harvey and Irma. Following the plague of Hurricane Harvey and Irma, the body (AILA), showed that many foreign residents had their passports or visas damaged by water. The association advised that foreign nationals with such water-damaged documents with the intent of travelling abroad either by air or through the borders should either have their passports/visas replaced before leaving or allow for ample time for application and replacements of new passport before
Valeria De Leon Mr. Mays English III 11 November 2015 Thesis Statement On April 20, 2010, the oil-drilling rig Deepwater Horizon exploded due to equipment failure and sank, spilling over 200 million gallons of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico in the course of three months. The BP oil spill was the worst environmental crisis America has ever faced, damaging coastal habitats, the environment and the economy.