Since officers are the leaders in the military, they are the ones most often put in the position to gun-deck. Using moral theories learned in class, this paper will analyze the situation of gun-decking so the officer can come to the correct decision even if it will negatively affect them. To help me understand the situation presented, I had a conversation with my company officer, LT Amanda Kinsel. She is a Surface Warfare Officer and said that these situations come up in the fleet all the time. When an officer is asked to sign off on a planned maintenance task, loyalty to the mission, your chiefs, and your personal integrity are at stake.
This way of life will assure them that the activities they partake in are proper. To further understand the importance of virtues, one must learn about Aristotle’s doctrine of the mean. A virtue is a mean that sits between two extremes. For instance, as described by Dr. King, a person will want to have the virtue perseverance because they will comprehend the importance of knowledge and be motivated enough to finish their projects. On the excess side of that, a person would be intransigent.
Virtue ethics, primarily founded by Aristotle, was the dominant approach in Western moral philosophy until Enlightenment .Its importance re-emerged with the dissatisfaction associated with deontology and utilitarianism, two theories unable to address issues such as moral character, moral education, friendship etc. Virtue ethics emphasize moral character and virtues, focusing on three central concepts: virtue, practical wisdom and eudaimonia. Cultural Relativism is the view that holds that moral truths cannot be applied universally, and that each person should be morally assessed based on his culture/society. This paper discusses relativist objection faced by Aristotle, its arguments and the responses offered by Aristotle, in addition to anticipated objections and Nussbaum’s responses in her paper “Non-relative virtues: An Aristotelian Approach” A major objection Aristotle faces is the relativist view connected to virtues. Contemporary virtue theory holds that criteria of ethical goodness are internal and different across societies, and therefore reject the concept of a single norm applied to all human beings.
None is without Virtue. Virtue are a series of attributes that every person has, they are not only is the driving force which makes our decisions it is the core of our being. In order to pursue virtue it is important to understand what it is. We can not sum up virtue up into just one element rather when we really look at it we see many layers balancing each other out. When attempting to pursue virtue one should recognize were we are weak and aim to strengthen each individually.
Unlike the alternative ethical theories mentioned above, virtue ethics is not associated with a moral imperative. It is the idea that acting virtuously will result in virtuous consequences. Most virtue ethics theories are embedded in Aristotle's teachings which declare that "a virtue is a trait of character manifested in habitual action". These traits are derived from a natural internal inclination which needs to be guided, yet, over time, may become stable. Aristotle also defined virtues as a ‘golden mean’ which ultimately is the middle ground between two extremes also known as vices.
Virtue ethics do not require you to focus on doing your duty or on actions that would bring about good consequences. Virtues are character traits when once established through nurturing become permanent and stable. For example, a virtuous person is someone who will be kind across most of the situations in their lifetime because that is their character and not because they are not being deontological or teleological. Aristotle did not provide a set of rules or pattern to follow but according
An example is that knowledge is an excellence of the soul. Aristotle mentions virtues of thought and virtues of character. Virtues of thought (intellectual virtues) promote critical thinking and the pursuit of truth. Aristotle mentions five virtues that allow the soul to reach the truth. An example of an intellectual virtue is techne.
Emerson says “Beauty is the mark of God, set upon virtues” (813). The beauty of nature is found in virtuous actions. By definition, virtue is a standard of right (Merriam-Webster). When I see humans helping one another or when I am involved in the process, we are spreading an inner beauty. The virtuous men of this world take humanity a step further with their words and actions; these become the morals of this world.
According to Aristotle, each individual has the ability to develop moral virtue, yet, this moral virtue is initially negligible in a person’s life since they do not possess the proper faculties to understand society’s expectations. Expanding on that, Aristotle claims that while nature may instill the first notion of virtue in a person, that person can develop or degrade that virtue to the extent of which they put it into practice. In this sense, Aristotle compares the concept of moral virtue to a muscle because, like a muscle, virtue can only become more realized through repetition. In Book II, chapter 4, Aristotle explains that a person can not passively interact with moral virtue, but must actively involve themselves with it, and
For example, they will keep the environment clean by not throw the rubbish anywhere. Moreover, they would not participate any event that related to animal abusive. Not only that, loyalty is one of the characteristics of a moral person. Loyalty is faithfulness or a devotion to an individual, country, group, or cause. Loyalty shows trustworthiness, keeps commitments, does not gossiping others, and remains a worthy friend even in despair times.