In Guns, Germs, and Steel, Jared Diamond opposed the idea that European civilizations have advanced further than their contemporaries in other continents because their inhabitants were intellectually superior. Instead, he supported the notion that some civilizations developed at a quicker pace than others because of the environmental differences that were present in the continents where they resided. Factors such as wildlife, climate, and the types of resources presented in an area have dramatically affected the growth and development of hunter-gatherer groups into villages, and eventually, nations. In places where the environmental conditions were not ideal, the inhabitants were not able to advance as far as other civilizations. Diamond disproved
In historian Jared Diamond’s book and film Guns, Germs and Steel, he attempts to explain why some parts of the world are more economically sound than others. The facts Diamond delves into extend back thousands of years. Some civilizations had what Diamond referred to as “geographic luck”, meaning that some lands were situated in an environment better suited for agriculture and other resource gathering. Other civilizations were also unable to domesticate animals that would have made farming and living on the land easier. Domesticated animals provided milk, fur, meat, as well as the ability to feed off leftover crop beds and create dung to fertilize future crops. Jared Diamond’s main argument is that indigenous peoples did not lack ingenuity, but did lack the geographic luck of other territories.
Chapter three of Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond is a story about how Francisco Pizarro, the Conquistador, brought the end to the Inca civilization with only two hundred men. Diamond uses real accounts from six of the 200 men to tell what happened. The story goes like: Francisco Pizarro by order of the King to travel across New World and conquer the lands and riches for his nation. They had gathered information about an Incan Empire and soon sent their sights on capturing the Incans. The Spanish Conquistadores tried to the Incan leader, Atahuallpa, to convert to Christianity but it failed so Pizarro then captured Atahullpa. The Spaniards then held the leader for ransom, collected a hefty reward, and then killed Atahullpa and conquered the Incan Empire. The Incan people outnumbered the Spanish men by 200 to about 80,000, yet they managed to capture the Incans leader. Chapter three is Diamond explaining how that is.
In PBS’s episode one entitled Out of Eden of the series Gun’s Germs, and Steel, Professor Jared Diamond attempts to answer the question of “why you white men have so much cargo and we New Guineans have so little.” (Cassian Harrison, 2005) Professor Diamond’s begins his research by exploring history from 13,000 years ago, pre-dating civilizations, during a time period equivalent to New Guinea’s present day. Professor Diamond delves into the origins of traditional societies and tracks their evolution into modern times, searching for an explanation for why some societies have expanded and modernized while others remain frozen in an earlier time.
A good example is Africa, corn was brought over and added a new staple to the people 's diet (Lord and Burke 5). As well as in Europe, potatoes were brought over and helped the population grow
This gave them an advantage in survival being that they did not have to travel for food. Instead, they could give up their nomadic lifestyle and settle down in one distinct place. With all of this contemporary information, the Europeans knew how to make do in
China’s economy increased since its trade extended to even Africa. The trade also helped shaped Afro-Eurasia into discovering a culture and helped show other parts of the world. Eventually, people felt a need to have some kind of government representative. Different countries began developing their own identity and were coming together simultaneously. There was much activity and participation in the world.
Chapter Review (pg. 6-29) A: Human migration across the globe was the complete spread of the human species over much of the earth’s surface. The species began in eastern Africa; most types of humans come from this region, in the present day countries of Tazmania, Kenya, and Uganda. Main discoveries, especially fire and the use of animal skins for clothing-both of which allowed people to live in colder climates-facilitated the spread of Paleolithic groups. The first people moved out of Africa about 750,000 years ago.
1. Yali ’s question is about the origins of inequality between societies in the world. He wants to know why people of European descent are rich and powerful while non-white people tend to lack wealth and power. Yali wonders if there is something wrong with non-white people like him, as they are not as technologically or economically advanced as white people.
Cities were no longer organized or protected, so the bustling urban life that relied on structure disintegrated. Without the productive, systematic agricultural system, the population no longer had a reliable, widespread food source, and the lack of an imperial army and legal protection from violent or otherwise harmful crimes endangered the people, resulting in population decline. Additionally, because Rome broke up into many decentralized cities, and China dissolved into disunion and conflict, less area was under cultivation than under the large, connected empires. No public works like roads or bridges were in progress, and there were no large states to benefit from international trade.
In the book, Guns Germs and Steel, Jared Diamond attempts to answer questions of conquest, such as why Eurasia conquered the Americas, and not the other way around. Diamond is a biologist by trade, and both impressed and disappointed the academic world with his new historian side. He believes the answer to western dominance lies in geography and the spread of guns, germs and steel. His theories had led him to be heavily critiqued by historians everywhere, including environmental historian J.R McNeil and Professor of Anthropology and Geography James Blaut. While Diamond provides solid ideas relating to the conquest of the New World, he often uses his scientistic background loosely with unclear supports forgetting other historical factors that
China, up until the Qin Dynasty, consisted of independent states controlled by kings fighting each other for land and power. This time period was called The Era of Warring States, which lasted two hundred years. After this time, the Qin Dynasty rose to power. They conquered all other dynasties, and established a centralized government, unifying China for the first time. The dynasty that succeeded the Qin, the Han, continued the centralized government and they started a westward expansion that would encourage trade and cultural diffusion.
European nations had a negative impact on China. European nations colonized parts of China. Rebellions were started in order to fight against European imperialism. Many nations gathered or came to China in order to gain or acquire something.