When the Spanish conquistadors came upon the Incan Empire, they realized that there were bountiful amounts of treasure such as gold and silver, which tempted them to conquer the empire and found their own colonies. Consequently, the conquistadors, led by Francisco Pizarro, fought the Inca and utilized their steel weapons and horses, as well as the smallpox virus to rout their enemies. The conquistadors easily defeated the Inca, who were already fighting a civil war before the Spaniards arrived. In order to legitimize their ruthless killing of the Inca, the Spaniards said that they were ridding God of His enemies and preventing the Inca from insulting His rule. The supposedly religiously motivated clash between the Spaniards and the Inca resulted in the decline of the Incan Empire and the expansion of Spanish rule throughout Central America.
After a beginning of worshiping and honoring of these thought to be gods, the Aztecs moved to fear for their city and their lives. A fear that was rightly justified by the merciless killings of their people and their kings. The Spanish wiped out an entire nation with their weapons and their diseases, only further proving that the relationship between these two great people was one that was destined to fail from the first footstep on Mexican soil by the Spanish. With the overpowering greed and disregard for life, the Spaniards took over the city of Tenotchlan and never looked back, never regretting the choices they made out of gluttony. The relationship between the Aztecs and the Spanish declined rapidly over time, as the Spanish wasted no time in murdering solely for the accumulation of gold and land.
With this, both quickly flourished. But soon the Spanish came over and that all came to an end. Along with the Spanish came foreign disease that decimated both populations. When the Spanish came into contact with these civilizations, they tried to spread their religion, Catholicism. In the process of the Spaniards trying to conquer the Aztecs and the Incas, both Cortés and Pizarro took the leaders, Motecuhzoma and Atahuallpa, hostage.
Montazuma the second was possibly one of the most important people in the entire history of The Aztec history. This is because he was the king/emperor when the Spanish concurs concurred the Aztec empire. He was born in 1466 and died in 29 of June 1520. According to one of the sources I used Montazuma was killed by the citizens of Tenochtitlan using rocks and spears because Cortez and his men forced Montazuma to admit defeat to his people. Letting the Spanish in to Tenochtitlan and showing weeknes was a horrible decision because the Spanish concurs saw this and used it against him.
Guns, Germs, & Steel questions 1. Yali’s question is “Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?” In this statement, Yali is questioning why different races and civilizations developed differently. He is curious to see if one races intelligence is superior to the others, and if perhaps that explains why technology was introduced to europeans faster than others. (14) 2. Three main objections to answering Yali’s question are its justification to domination, the eurocentric approach to history, and conveys the idea that civilization is crucial for human happiness.
European conquest during the colonial period greatly affected the indigenous and slave populations, generally decreasing their quality of life while exploiting them for personal gain. To begin, the indigenous people experienced forced assimilation to European culture and destruction of their culture. Many populations practices their own religion separate from European beliefs. Yet, upon the arrival of the Europeans, their way of life was destroyed. Amongst the Aztecs, the Spanish deceived them with their own culture, convincing them to believe Hernan Cortez was their sun God.
The citizens and counter-revolutionaries were being executed for the slightest thing such as saying a careless word of criticism about the government. Although the government did this to stop any rebellions from forming, they ended up doing much more than what was needed and going completely
Europeans brought deadly diseases with them that caught on to the Aztec and the Inca empires, and all the native people in North and South America died. The Europeans got rid of all the Aztec and Incas Empires. “It was this zealous hunt for gold that drove the Spanish conquistadors throughout Latin America, where they would vanquish the Aztec and Incan Empires, just as they had done to the people in the Caribbean. Spanish conquistadors throughout Latin America, where they would vanquish the Aztec and Incan Empires, just as they had done to the people in the Caribbean.” The European Imperialists did similar things to the Aztec and Inca Empires as they did to the
Guns, Germs, and Steel were the main cause of the fall of the Inca Empire. The fall was caused because of Francisco Pizarro whose army was small but way more high tech then the Incas. The Incas thought they could never be defeated but Pizarro lead to their defeat because of guns, germs, and steel. The Inca empire was defeated because of guns. Pizarro had guns that weren’t very accurate but scared the Incas away because of their loud booms, This made the Incas run and try to escape but they couldn’t and lots of Incas died.
Since ancient times, Smallpox has devastated the world, killing millions of people. Often referred to as the speckled monster, the smallpox disease originated in the new world when Spanish and Portuguese conquistadors and early English settlers arrived in the Americas. Although there had been attempts to cure the disease, including variation, (that came from Asia 2,000 years ago), they all had a high risk of death. It wasn’t until 1796, when Edward Jenner, a English paleontologist came up with a new form of vaccine, it was called inoculation. The disease decimated the local population and was one of the main reasons for the fall of the Aztec and Inca empires.