In the book Guns, Germs, and Steel, Jared Diamond overall argues that geography and the environment help shaped the modern world today. In the beginning of the book, Diamond has several questions that he wants to find out the explanation for. He believes that New Guineans are way more smarter than the Westerners based on their survival and how they adapt to it. While doing some bird watching in New Guinea in 1997, Diamond met a young man named Yali, a politician. As they got to know one another, there was a question that Yali wanted to know and he asked Diamond, "why is it that you white people have so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea,but we black people have little cargo of our own?"
Darwinism, the idea that there is one superior race that takes the prize over all others. Generations have believed this, over countless years, multiple races were in conflict trying to prove that they were the one that was chosen to be the best. Arriving in the new world, Columbus and the other settlers helped to prove this by showing that they were more fit to rule the new territory. Superiorly, some people may believe that because the Native Americans were not immune to the diseases that came from the Old World, then it was proven that they were the superior breed of homo sapiens. Natives to the New World were also not as technologically advanced, which again to those people, made them believe just that much more that they were the senior
He argues that Europe was ‘a power-based civilization’ and believes that Europe dominated other civilizations because Europe was innovative. Landes does acknowledge the fact that civilizations such as China were inventive, but he believes that they were not innovative enough to become the leading civilization – inventive means having a new idea for a product or process and innovative means practically applying the new inventions into
Positive and negative factors took a role in the cause for imperialism in africa the positive outweighed the negative. The driving force for imperialism in Africa was due to nationalism, religion that greatly influenced their culture, resources and economic reasons. Nationalism is another term for a country having a national pride. This drawback caused countries to become self involved and influenced the decisions made. The choices made for the country were determined on how superior the view point on them would be.
In Guns, Germs, and Steel, Jared Diamond answers Yali’s question, “Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo, but we black people have little cargo of our own?”. Diamond begins his research in Papua, New Guinea where he says people have been living for 40,000 years. In Papua, Diamond discovers that gathering is both more productive and effective rather than hunting. He wonders why these New Guineans did not advance like more developed countries did. Geographic luck is the term that comes into play.
I had never given much thought as to why some civilizations prospered while others died out. When putting my mind to the topic, I would assume it was due to stronger civilizations conquering or absorbing the weaker ones. In PBS’ Guns, Germs, and Steel, anthropologist Jared Diamond explains his theory on how some of the greatest civilizations came into existence. According to Diamond, geographical luck, domestication of animals, and worldwide expansion of ideals allowed for these civilizations to continue forward. Diamond’s main theory revolves around the geographical luck of certain civilizations.
President Lincoln and his immediate successors were remembered in their correct numbered position at a higher rate than others suggesting that presidents who are significant to our history are better recalled among generations. This strengthens the theory that forgetting depends on environmental demands and the need to learn and preserve information that helps us in our environment causes us to forget what is not important in our society/setting. This theory however does not explain why John Adams, the second president of the United States, is remembered in his ordinal position more often than Thomas Jefferson who is arguably more historically
Social Darwinists first began influencing Western thought in the nineteenth century and well into the twentieth century. They argued that “white European men were wealthier and better because they were more highly evolved than white women, people of color, and any other race”. (the making of the west, Hunt, pg. 724) During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries Social Darwinism influenced the lives of European women, colonial subjects, and racial minorities by implementing law and policies to further show their superiority, they “promoted racism and sexist behavior”. (hunt, pg.724) Women during this time were affected by the ideas of social Darwinist, they were believed to have “smaller brains”, they were belittled, they had no voice in politics.
These laws emerge in the late 1600s which are truly significant due to the fact that whites do a great job of categorizing themselves as a separate race. The problems that the scheme of free black people created were that white individuals became obsessed to freed blacks because they felt truly threatened. For example, “white landowners had to make absolutely certain that free blacks would never become socially equal to whites or encourage blacks to revolt in order to join their ranks” (10). Whites ultimately wanted to be sure that free blacks will never pose a threat to them. Whiteness as property is significant as it allows us to analyze the superiority that white individuals retained during this time period.
Because Columbus had limited amounts of ships he could not take as many natives as he would have preferred and this could be an indication to why he wrote his letter the way he wrote it. Ultimately having the support of the crown worked in his favor to exploit the land and its people. Columbus’ discovery of this new land led to the Columbian Exchange where animals, plants, and humans were “products” of the New World and transported to the Old World. Another product he came across was gold something he seems to leave out of this document. The way Columbus took advantage of the native people was brutal not only by enslaving them but by colonialism which essentially is a takeover.
Mackenzie Follis 7th Period, Frazier In the Prologue the author presents us with Yali’s question. Professor Diamond rephrases the question as followed. “Why did human development proceed at such different rates on different continents?” and “why did wealth and power become distributed as they now are, rather than in some other way?” Diamond continues to try and explain the answer to Yali’s question while asking similar questions, such as: “Why is it that europeans, despite their likely genetic disadvantage and their undoubted developmental disadvantage, ended up with much more of the cargo?” The Europeans colonized the New world rather than Native Americans colonizing Europe simply due to the European stage of development. The Europeans had military technology (guns and steel),political organization, their superior armament, knowledge of human behavior
Arabs were the ‘Oriental Other.’ A defining pillar in maintaining white supremacy, Orientalism works to dehumanize Arab-Americans while propping up white Americans and to a lesser extent non-Arab people of color. Arabs were used for little more than comic relief in order to make Americans appear smarter and more resourceful. According to Andrea Smith in her essay, “Heteropatriarchy and the Three Pillars of White Supremacy,” the logic of Orientalism is that certain nations and their people are inferior as well as a threat to the well being of an empire” (68). The empire in this case would be the United States. The purpose of Orientalism is to provide this hierarchy that places the West above the East.