To begin with the ethical considerations include confidentiality, non-maleficence as well as consent. According to Brahams (1995), ethical issues that arise from the use of Telehealth involve the responsibility of healthcare professionals; patients confidentiality of their medical information; as well as issues of cross-border consultations (Brahams, 1995). Patient ethical
I. INTRODUCTION There are many definitions about Confidentiality and this word is commonly linked together with trust, respect of autonomy and privacy. One of the classic definitions; Confidentiality is a pledge or agreement that any off-the-record information shared by the patient will be protected against disclosure to a third-party, unless permitted by the patient, or in some circumstances, guided by the law or the primary involved parties. The confidential information is strictly discussed among health care providers only. The ethics of Confidentiality is highly recommended in the medical field. It is the duty of all healthcare personnel, who has access to the medical records of the patient, to keep the data confidential from people who have no relation to the patients.
Every hospital has to follow the laws and respect patients’ privacy any rights. Even though the medical staff encourages the patient and the family to go along with the appropriate treatment in order to cure the illness, but it’s still their choice to accept or refuse it. This paper addresses that informed consent is different for every culture, and strategies on how a medical professional can balance cultural preferences with full disclosure. Furthermore, why adolescents shall be allowed to make their own life and death decisions and address the dilemmas on informed consent, also ethics versus legal issues. Informed Consent
Beneficence is action to benefit others. Meaning, physicians must act in the best interest of their patients and put the patient’s needs above their own. If patients lack the ability to make informed decisions, the physician must act to keep patients from making decisions that are not in their best interests (MissingLink,
An informed consent is concise information that gives the patient an opportunity to comprehend the risks and benefits of the medical attention they will or will not receive (Illingworth & Parmet, 2006). It gives the patient the ability to have a legitimate decision making choice while clarifying any questions the patient may have for the doctor (De Bord, 2014). Eyal (2011), suggested that the main components of an informed consent consist of protection, autonomy, and trust. The informed consent protects the patient’s health and welfare while autonomy helps to promote decision making of one’s own self. Trust is very important because the community should be able to trust their care takers and act in accordance with with their medical advice.
Autonomy is when patients have the right to make decisions about their medical care without a health and social care professional trying to influence the decision. (Medicine net) For example, gaining consent or informal agreement of the patient before any treatment takes place. The principle may at times cause problems when patients exercise their autonomy by refusing life-saving treatments. Another barrier to patient autonomy is if one is being forced into a decision.
The Code of Ethics for Medical Interpreters consists of twelve tenets and covers the obligatory requirements for professional medical interpreters in terms of behavior and performance. According to them, interpreters should not intervene with their own opinions, counsel, or advocate patients unless it facilitates better communication and understanding between the patient and the medical provider; interpreters have to constantly work on the improvement of their working skills, keep up with the latest professional standards, and be in the know of the updates regarding medical terminology or changes in their working languages; interpreters should always stay professional and impartial, especially when it comes to working with family members or acquaintances, up to the point where they might want to refuse to work on the assignment, if the quality of work could be affected for that reason; interpreters should know their limits and never accept assignments beyond their expertise; interpreters must be accountable for their words and actions, responsible, and disinterested in order to gain trust of the clients and come up to their
Patient-centered care places the patient “as the source of control and full partner in providing compassionate and coordinated care based on respect for patient’s preferences, values, and needs.” (QSEN, 2012) Too often healthcare professionals look at the patient as only a medical problem, not as an individual person. In a 2013 publication, Chen and Snyder noted the traditional disease-focused model is changing to one where care is customized to each individual person. There are six dimensions of patient-centered care, including the previously mentioned definition to include: comfort, coordination and integration of care, free flow of information, spiritual awareness and involvement of family and friends (Drenkard, 2013).
This is why involvement in decision making should be used in a doctor’s office for the patient to be adherent to medical recommendations. In addition, this strategy considers patients as experts in their experiences which, in turn, gives recognition to patients (Pawlikowska et al.
Different principles of health and social care are introduced which are used by the professionals in order to enhance their approach to practice. In order to evaluate this aspect, one professional issue that is confidentiality has been considered. Confidentiality is known as the process in which the shared informed is kept as the secret depending on the situation. It is noticed that it is the responsibility of the professional to ensure the principle of confidentiality at the time of dealing with a patient. Any sort of private information related to the patient must be kept securely.
Private rule permits the access of the important information while keeping top security and privacy of treatment details of the patient. Security rule is also a rule found in HIPAA whereby it has administrative and technical guards which are responsible in ensuring that there is confidentiality and integrity of the information which is stored electronically. Security rule also requires physical safeguarding to offer
Although Rite Aid have broken many privacy laws according to HIPAA the primary concern regarding security is that the violation of information policies and procedures ensured that they were not within compliance. “Charles Sabatino (2016) reports Health care practitioners have a duty to take reasonable steps to keep personal medical information confidential consistent with the person's preferences. For example, doctor-patient medical discussions should generally occur in private and a patient might prefer that the doctor call their cell phone rather than home. Even well-meaning family members are not necessarily allowed to have information about a loved one's medical condition.” Due to the Sum of $1 million that Rite Aid has to pay based on
List and define five medical office specialist’s job titles and responsibilities Medical Office Assistant Define: Usually a certified person who work alongside the physician in an outpatient or ambulatory care setting. Discuss: This position entails administrative duties such as scheduling patient’s appointments, compile and record medical records, answer the telephone and direct staff. This person may also be cross trained in clinical duties such as drawing blood, assisting during the exam, and acting as a liaison between the patient and the physician.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-HIPAA, was introduced in Congress as the Kennedy-Kassebaum Bill and later passed in 1996. Before HIPAA, there was no federal standardization when it came to health care programs and information, and it was up to the state to create these rules and regulations. The rules and regulations were also fragmented among government agencies. Since there was no standard authority to combat against fraud and abuse in state and federal health care programs, it became a major issue that could not be ignored. For this reason, HIPAA was created with the objective to provide provisions for the prevention of fraud and abuse, and to ensure that individuals would be able to maintain their health insurance between