The totalitarian methodologies of history and religion can be reprimanded for founding women as the other in the cutting edge, social life. Celie 's battle in life is associated with Walker 's meaning of womanist, which expressly give space to lesbian personalities. In this manner, Celie 'sbattle against patriarchy, her securing of sexual subjectivity and opportunity and additionally her possible financial freedom all propose that she not just subverted the hetero relationship in the middle of herself and Albert additionally patriarchy overall. There is undoubtedly then that the production of Celie 's personality is more than a story of one lady 's cognizance raising however rather a frank and element story of Celie 's lesbian character advancement. The topics of women 's activist strengthening then highlight as opposed to decrease the centre topic of the novel, the heroine 's, revelation of her lesbian character.
In the Caribbean, Haiti and Jamaica have the highest population of people living with HIV, with Haiti having the highest and Jamaica having the third highest. The high prevalence in these countries is driven by different factors. Based on UNAIDS (2013), statistics have shown that “the average HIV prevalence rate is estimated at 1.6% of the adult [Jamaican] population, although higher prevalence has been recorded in certain vulnerable groups such as commercial sex workers (CSW’s) (9%) and men who have sex with men (MSM) (20–30%)”. In Jamaica, behavioural, economic and socio-cultural factors encourage the epidemic especially among the CSWs, MSM and
Moreover, the central principles of human rights law are non-discrimination and equality between women and men. However, it is ironic because there are a lot of violations towards women’s human rights while there are piles of legal constitutions that protect women’s human rights. For instance, gender inequality of education in Sub-Saharan Africa. There are millions of uneducated people in Africa, and the majority is women. There are a lot of factors behind the gender inequity and inequality of education in Sub-Saharan Africa, such as primitive characteristic of African, extremely strong culture, poverty, economical instability, and political instability.
Hence, in broader context, it provoked a big debate around the compatibility of feminism and multiculturalism. Feminism condemns established practices that oppress women; feminists believe that women and men are equal and therefore have the same respect and the same treatment. The philosophy of multiculturalism, in turn, opposes the classical assimilation, which requires minorities to adapt to mainstream society and condemns practices that oppress people or introduce discrimination towards them because
What the artist was trying to express through her painting “I’m Beautiful in My Imperfections” (2014), is that she wants to challenge women to redefine beauty as to not believe that beauty is based solely upon one standard because such a case is considered unrealistic and unacceptable. Women come in all kinds of uniqueness and colour. Through this piece of artwork, Yante Ismail challenges women to reinforce their identity that women should not persist on maintaining prejudices about their own physicality. By locating the female identity at a level whereby it is natural or biological for women to be obsessed over beauty replicates the oppression upon women and how they have been controlled by the concept of beauty for centuries. Beauty is inseparable from a woman.
Quoting Dr. Ambedkar from his article “The Rise and Fall of Hindu Women”, he argues that Hindu religion through its religious texts, such as the Manusmriti always degraded women. He thought of Manusmriti as a text which was anti-women and anti-Dalit text, where women and Dalits are degraded. Hindu scriptures like Ramayana & Mahabharata have women characters who are bold in their ways like Draupadi, Kaikeyi, even Sita for that matter and her decision to go back to mother Earth instead of giving a test of purity are instances where the woman is not agreeing to the norm laid by the society. This sort of portrayal is not given emphasis by our preachers. The character of Kaikeyi is not given any importance as she is a woman of ambition, same for Draupadi.
1. I have just been diagnosed with HIV and AIDS...I am going to die. This is the biggest myth of all. In fact, people are living with HIV and AIDS longer today than ever before. Medications, treatment programs, and a better understanding of HIV and AIDS allows those infected to live normal, healthy, productive lives.
HIV/AIDS in Africa has led to 17 million deaths. Africa remains the largest affected continent with more than 70% of all HIV/AIDS related cases. This disease has the highest socioeconomic impact, for instance demographic impacts - AIDS causes premature deaths. The majority of infected people acquires HIV in their twenties or thirties and will die of AIDS on average a decade later which has resulted in increased mortality among children under five, and is now wiping out half a century of development gains, including increases in life expectancy at birth. Recent studies among various African populations indicate that rates of HIV infection in young women aged 15 to 19 may be five to six times higher than in young men.
4. Prevention Strategies Since the early 1980’s many countries have attempted to prevent the spread of HIV . Africa, where there is poverty, lack of resources and weak infrastructure, is the continent worst affected by HIV and AIDS . Many prevention strategies aim to educate people about HIV and reduce the overall number of transmissions, these efforts have seen a positive result in some areas of the world, especially developed countries . Treatment as prevention (TASP) is a term that describes the use of antiretroviral treatment to decrease the chance of HIV transmission .
This attitude towards women is at the very centre of people’s lives in Africa and is seen in relationships with parents, children, siblings and lovers. RELIGION Religion may influence HIV prevalence, especially where the religion imposes a strong code of acceptable and unacceptable sexual behaviour. Islam, for example, prohibits sex outside of marriage. Muslims consequently have had some protection from HIV/AIDS. It is often within these strict confines that there is greater prejudice and discrimination practised against those who are HIV infected.