Preparation of ketoconazole loaded Proliposomes Ketoconazole (KTZ) loaded proliposomal gel formulations were formulated by method reported by Perret et al. 1991 with slight modification. Constant amount of drug was added to varying ratios of phophatidylcholine and cholesterol which constitute lipid component of 1mmol quantity. This lipid mixture was prepared in clean and dry, wide mouthed glass vials to which 400µL of absolute alcohol was added and after confirming the formation of homogenous dispersion, the glass vials were heated thermostatically on a water bath at 60-70oC with intermittent shaking. Add 160µL of double distilled water maintained at the same temperature to the transparent solutions formed, these upon cooling change to yellow translucent liquid/gel or white creamy proliposomal gel. Proliposomal gel formulations with positive and negative charge were prepared in above mentioned manner by adding 10 mol% of total lipid of stearylamine
Carbon dioxide and water in the solution were also clear. Once the solution was completely titrated, Mn7+ ions remained unreduced and changed the color of the solution to pink. The KMnO4 was added to each solution until the oxalate solution reached the end point and changed to an extremely light pink color. The change in volume in the burette of the potassium permanganate recorded in all three trials was used to calculate the moles of oxalate in the 0.100-gram compound, giving the percent composition of the compound. The three trials reacted 27.95 mL, 26.61 mL, and 25.74 mL of potassium permanganate to determine 55.7%, 53.0%, and 51.3% respectively of oxalate in the compound with a 53.3% average.
Procedure A. Preparation of NaOH solution The molarity of a solution is the ratio of the number of solutes dissolved in a liter of solution. To figure out the needed mass (in grams) of NaOH pellets to be dissolved in a 0.25 L of water, remember that a mole is equivalent to the quotient of mass over the molar mass of the substance. This was used to rearrange the base formula and to derive the mathematical equation of mass in terms of molarity. mass (g) =
Results and Discussion 3.1 Characterization of Baclofen 3.1.1 Baclofen melting point: The measured melting point of Baclofen was found to be 207°C.This result is the same as reported in references, which indicates the purity of the drug powder used in the study (27). 3.1.2 Baclofen λ max: Scanning of Baclofen solution (100μg/ml) in phosphate citrate buffer (pH 7.4) by UV spectrophotometer at 200-400 nm gave the spectrum Shown in figure () .The maximum absorbance (λ max) found to be 220nm, which is similar to standard references (36, 37).
This was approached by finding the molar mass of sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate and then using that value to convert the grams of the sodium thiosulfate used for the initial creation of the weigh bure into moles. The molar mass of sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate was found by adding the atomic masses of each element found in the compound, as shown in Example 1. The molar mass was then used to convert the grams used into moles by using dimensional analysis. Example 1: Na2S2O35H2O (22.990Nag x 2)+(32.066Sg x 2)+(15.999Og x 3)+(1.008Hg x 10)+(15.999Og x 5)= 248.18 g/mol Example 2: 0.21gx1 mol248.18 g= 8.46 x 10-4 mol
In addition, phenolphthalein was added as an indicator. The aliquots were titrated against sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution until end point was reached, after which volume of NaOH consumed was recorded. The value of the rate constant, k, obtained was 0.0002 s-1. The experiment was then repeated with 40/60 V/V isopropanol/water mixture and a larger value of k = 0.0007 s-1 was obtained. We concluded that the rate of hydrolysis of (CH3)3CCl is directly proportional to water content in the solvent mixture.
Absorption was read by spectrophotometer at wave length (510CHOL) and (505TG). 6. After this we applied the following equation Result = ×CON. standard Extraction of tissue The extract one gram of fat tissue using n hexane, resolve to dissolve tissue homogenizer homogeneity by adding 1 ml of the same solution to become a 3: 1 and continued homogeneity of the sample to become a solution homogeneity.
Antimicrobial activity The agar disc diffusion method was employed for the determination of antimicrobial activity of the papaya leaf extract stabilized gold nanoparticles. The 0.1 ml of 108cfu/ml of different pathogenic bacteria suspension was spread on different plates nourished with LB media. Filter paper
5-aminotetrazole monohydrate: In a 250 ml round-bottom flask equipped with a condenser for refluxing (90 °C) and a magnetic stirring bar, 5.00 g (5.95 mmol) dicyandiamide (three times crystallized), 7.47 g (11.9 mmol) sodium azide and 11.00 g (17.8 mmol) boric acid and 100 ml of water is added and allowed to reflux for 24 hours, after the completion of the reaction, until the solution pH to about 2 to 3 as hydrochloric acid 37% is added (about 12 ml) Then the reaction mixture was cooled in a refrigerator for 18 hours and the white crystals formed. The mixture was filtered and washed three times with 10 ml of water and and dried in 60 °C for 5 hours and finally 45.8 g of product by it will be obtained. 5-Aminotetrazol monohydrate:
The silver ion TLC was prepared through the following procedure: Silver nitrate was dissolved in 10 ml of distilled water. This aqueous solution of silver nitrate was absolutely mixed with 9 g of silica gel (10 ~ 40 μm particles). Then, a 10 × 5 cm TLC plate was coated with the above slurry and activated for 1 h at 90 °C before use. They were immediately transferred into a desiccator in dark for storage after cooling. 32 100 μL of afore-prepared sample solution and the mixed reference standard were diluted 100 times with ethyl acetate.
First, the 250-mL graduated cylinder, 100-mL graduated cylinder, and the 10-mL graduated cylinder were observed to see the volume of the liquid in each one. Then, one digit further was estimated, and the results were recorded. After that, the 25-mL graduated cylinder and the 50-mL beaker were cleaned and dried. Next, their masses were measured on the scale, and the results were rounded to the nearest thousands decimal place. Subsequently, the Erlenmeyer flask was filled with 100 mL of distilled water.
The motivation of this investigation was to achieve 85% of methanol recovery from the distillate. II. Methodology: The distillation column was analyzed theoretically using McCabe Thiele to establish the number of stages required for separation. The vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) data for methanol and 2-propanol was used to plot curves of methanol-vapor fraction versus methanol-liquid fraction, and methanol liquid-vapor fraction versus temperature.
Experimental Clay-catalyzed dehydration of cyclohexanol Cyclohexanol (10.0336 g, mmol) was added to a 50 mL round bottom flask containing five boiling chips, Montmorillonite K10 clay (1.0430 g) was then added to the cyclohexanol and the mixture was swirled together. The flask was then placed in a sand bath and attached to a simple distillation apparatus. The contents of the flask were then heated at approximately 150 °C to begin refluxing the cyclohexanol. The distillation flask was then loosely covered with aluminum foil and the hood sash was lowered in order to minimize airflow. As the reaction continued, the temperature was adjusted in order to maintain a consistent rate of distillation.
The objective of this experiment was to create synthesize methyl eugenol from eugenol, dimethyl carbonate, and tetrabutylammonium bromide. To start off the experiment, a heating under reflux apparatus was used and the parts included: a water jacketed condenser, ring stand, tubes, flowing water, 25-mL round bottom flask, heating block, and a hot plate. There were two parts to the water condenser, entry and exit ways for water. The bottom opening was connected to the sink through one tube and the top opening was connected with a loose end, which was needed to get rid of the flowing water. To create the solution needed to synthesize methyl eugenol, approximately 0.200 g of eugenol (note: the measured g was converted to mg for later calculations) was measured, alongside approximately 1.2 g of TBAB and was added to the 25-mL round bottom flask.