HPV Health Belief Model

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A human papillomavirus (HPV) is transmitted sexual behavior and a major cause of cervical cancer; about 70% of all cervical cancer occur HPVs 16 and 18 (Markowitz et al., 2013). An estimated prevalence of a HPV infection in the US was 39.9 million women and approximately 8.88million women among aged 15 to 24 years had HPV infections in 2008 (Satterwhite et al., 2013). A HPV Vaccine has been approved and has been recommended in females aged 9 to 26 years in the United States since 2006 (Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention [CDC], 2014). In accordance of comparing the post prevalence of HPV infections to the pre vaccine era, about 6% of vaccine type prevalence decreased in aged 14 to 19 years female groups (Markowitz et al., 2013). On…show more content…
The Health Belief Model (HBM; Becker & Maiman, 1975) and the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB; Ajzen, 1991) has been widely utilized to understand and predict health behavior so as to promote positive health behavior (Brewer & Fazekas, 2007; Haousenblas & Dwns, 2005; Gerend & Shepherd, 2012). The key constructs of the HBM include perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and cues to action (Brewer & Fazekas, 2007). An intention considered as an antecedent predictor of action plays the most important role in the TPB (Ajzen, 1991). Other components, including attitudes toward behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control are directly connected to intention but indirectly affect health behavior (Ajzen, 1991). Comparing abilities of two theories on predicting the HPV vaccine acceptance, it might navigate an educator to develop a better intervention program promoting the HPV vaccine uptake among aged 20 to 24 years female…show more content…
The participants were randomly assigned to view one of three types of videos: a gain-framed (the benefits of getting HP vaccination), loss-framed (the negative effects of not getting vaccinated), and control group (Gerend & Shepherd, 2012). Gerend and Shepherd (2012) conducted pre and post-test survey to assess the HBM and TPB constructs and background knowledge, including physician’s recommendation. After ten months, they surveyed whether participants completed HPV (Gerend & Shepherd, 2012). Gerend and Shepherd (2012) estimated the relationship between HPV uptake and each construct of the theories with and without risk/protective factors, such as a cost of vaccination or physician’s recommendation. They found that the rate of vaccination were similar whereas perceived susceptibility and perceived benefits varied across the three groups. Finally, the study combined two theories and tested the joint effects of two theories to predict the HPV vaccine acceptance (Gerend & Shepherd, 2012). Gerend and Shepherd (2012) concluded that although the TPB model were more predictable in the HPV vaccine uptake among participants, there were many

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