Habermas And Foucault Influence Of Power

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In this paper, an attempt is made to explain the importance of power and its effect on media and the key points of the Foucault/Habermas debate on power. This debate that has never took place in real life. The only interaction between Habermas and Foucault was in College de France when Foucault invited Habermas for a conference in 1983. Habermas and Foucault followers created this debate between genealogy and power analytics as ways to explain the behavior of power in society and the communicative rationality and discourse ethics other ways proposed by Habermas to explain the same behavior of power. In this paper, we will be talking about the ideas of Foucault in power and their relation with media. In addition, we will be mentioning the critiques…show more content…
It is not something that it is strictly related to the State. Foucault stated that power "reaches into the very grain of individuals, touches their bodies and inserts itself into their actions and attitudes, their discourses, learning processes and everyday lives" (Foucault, 1980). He tended to explain that power is not possessed by certain elite, or it is related exclusively to the actions of certain individuals. In addition, it reflects that Foucault is interested in people’s freedom and how people behave under various circumstances. So, power is everywhere, and it works in every level of the social body. Foucault’s definition of power opposed how the Marxist and Liberal theories defined it. They limited it just to the Bourgeoisie which is wrong according to Foucault who considers it as a cross-levels relation. In addition, he relates the existence of resistance to the existence of power, so wherever there is power, there is resistance. Moreover, when we talk about Foucault and power, we should mention the Power/Knowledge theory by Foucault which defines a correlation between and knowledge since knowledge is a form of power: Knowledge linked to power, not only assumes the authority of 'the truth' but has the power to make itself true. All knowledge, once applied in the real world, has effects, and in that sense at least, 'becomes true.' Knowledge, once used to regulate the conduct of others, entails…show more content…
Public sphere is not necessary a place because it can exist virtually. It provides a platform for individuals to share their opinions and ideas that have a general aspect regarding their society. He gave a historical analysis of the public sphere from a liberal era to a media-centred era. Thus, the role of media changed from facilitating the debate in the public sphere to constructing, shaping, and influencing the public opinion by the discussed topics in media (Habermas, 2014). At this point, Foucault discussed the issue from a different angle. He mentioned the concept of surveillance which is used to control the society because individuals act differently when they know that they are being watched. In addition, the surveillance is also applied on media in order to limit its freedom and shape the discussed topics to serve systems’ agendas. So, the flow of information that was in the public sphere has been manipulated using media which transform the citizens into consumers that absorb the content that media provide them. Thus, the public opinion builders became just

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