It is a case of communication among cultures. These similarities concentrate on characters and themes. Initially, the two concentrate on epic heroes and their forceful deeds, yet additionally their human weakness. Particularly, we can see similarities amongst Gilgamesh and Achilles. Gilgamesh is an awesome warrior king who is from mostly divine and incompletely human parentage, Achilles is an extraordinary warrior who is blended divine and human, in any case, the two are mortal (Ziolkowsk).
Analysis of Zeus’ Interaction with Prometheus in Hesiod’s Theogony and Aeschylus’ Prometheus Bound Hesiod’s Theogony was a myth that addressed the connection between human beings to the Gods and the universe. Giving that Hesiod lived during the Iron age ( 750-650 B.C.) alongside Homer, it is not extraordinary that the two shared similar religious views. Keeping that in mind, he was able to offer his interpretation of how the world came into existence in his epic poem the Theogony. While creating Prometheus’ myth, he focused on the ominous interactions between Zeus and Prometheus that lead to abhorrent events such as the creation of Pandora.
He tricked Sekhmet into thinking it was blood, and she drank it all and fell asleep. When she woke up, she was calmer with a terrible headache but she stopped her rampage of killing. At times, Sekhmet was a violent Goddess. She was also a healer and would set peoples broken bones. She would start epidemics if she were not honored properly, but she would also stop them.
In comparison, it’s always observed on how different scholars find the similarity of especially marital settings, characters, and as well as the wanderings of the mythological world. Different events within the life of these characters cover broadly a huge range of epic encounters that are heroic. The character, emotional and psychological development of Gilgamesh can be borrowed especially from the ancient heroic perspectives of mortality and death while comparing with Achilles. Mesopotamian civilization has had several phases in which hero Gilgamesh has been in existence, however having similar attributes. One of the earliest stories of Gilgamesh is developed from Sumerian texts, one of the most influential and well-known poems (Michelakis & Pantelis 2007).
Gods and goddesses are often pictured as greater, higher, and a perfect image of humans. They are responsible for everything seen and experienced all around the world. They give life and meaning to everything humanity does and they believe in their gods’ influence on the world. Gods help humans understand their environment and their significance in the world as conscious beings in a world full of possibilities. Gods are favoured and inspires many.
Throughout history, cultural values have been complexly affected by a large number of things. Most notably, we can see what various societies of the past valued through the stories they told, and the gods they worshipped. The folklore of any society is a window into the way they attempted to understand the world. At the same time, a society’s cultural values would shape the stories they told. Folklore and mythology have shaped and determined the cultural values of societies for many centuries.
Ancient Mesopotamia was established in the fertile crescent between the less reliable Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. During the bronze age both Ancient Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians developed forms of religion that highly reflected their habitat. They had many similarities in their politics even though they had completely different forms of government. Both societies were also known for their discoveries in art and technology. They developed their own forms of writing, different tools and architecture.
Mythologies have a plenty of gods who control the world. According to the Greek Mythology, gods live in Olympus, looking human down there. People expect the gods would be good at everything and have a lot of humanity. However, in the myth of ancient Greek, the gods are just like humans in some aspects. They envy because of love, fight for power, and even betray their spouses.
When Athena, a goddess, realizes that her weaving competition with Arachne, a mortal, would end in a draw, the text states, “...she tore Arachne’s tapestry from top to bottom and began to beat the girl,” (85). Because Athena has supernatural powers, she should be viewed as a superior being. However, in this story, although Arachne is a mortal, she is able to weave at a comparable level of skill to Athena, a goddess. This causes Athena to feel envious of Arachne’s abilities, and in an effort to weaken Arachne, Athena destroys Arachne’s work and beats her. Athena’s behavior is similar to humans’ behavior when attempting to invalidate and undermine that people they are jealous and envious of.
Religion was seen as personal to many of the civilians living. However, most of them worshipped many Gods, they had many different templates. The many different gods were cruel and unkind, however they were still important to the Greeks and splendid temples and sanctuaries were built in their honor, as well as festivals to pay tribute to their gods. Apart of the festivals there were also venue for competitions in poetry, drama, music, athletics. The depth that these Greeks would go through to explore the different myths and tales of the gods they would travel widely to hear exciting tales about the perils of travel and exploration.
Ancient polytheistic societies incorporated religious ideas which involved a plethora of gods and goddesses, of which many were linked to certain human appeals or sacrifices. Similarities between various groups such as Roman, Greek, and other Near Eastern deities typified the universal ideology that gods and goddesses controlled the world and were often associated with elemental forces as well as fertility and love (Damrosch & Pike, 2009, p. 17-18). Appealing to goddesses for crops and provisions was a common characteristic of people during ancient times since it was commonly believed that the continuance of life and avoidance of disfavor depended on the goddesses’ connective interactions with humanity. As noted in both Egyptian and Babylonian
The Aztecs were a fearsome collection of people. From complex waterways well beyond their time, to their barbaric sacrificial rituals, the Aztecs were from a unique time period. The conglomeration of the sacrifices and rituals gave rise to the need of a provider of human sacrifices, and thus began the elite society of ancient warriors. Revered highly by all, these warriors were immortalized through the usage of sculptures, paintings, clothing and more. Their religion is what drove the warriors, and many of their artifacts reflect this.
The Mesopotamian and Hebrew societies lived in two very distinct sphere of influence, as they were Polytheist and monotheist, respectably. This difference ensured that each society would operate using different methods. The Gods ruling over the Mesopotamian people were extremely negative toward their subjects. Each group of Mesopotamians from the Sumerians to the Babylonians had different names for their gods; however, the gods operated in similar roles. Mesopotamian gods acted with the same feelings, attitudes, and dispositions as humans.