From the 16th to 18th century, countries in Europe were experiencing new ideas and reforms. Philosophers like Locke believed in social equality. They have discussed the purpose of a government and spread their ideas. Locke’s ideas led to the revolution in France, who didn’t have rights under absolute monarch’s control. After the French gained their rights, people in Haiti started to fight because they wanted to have the same rights that French gained during the reform.
An economic revolution is defined as a change in the economic system of a society in terms of creation, expansion, and interaction. D’Augy’s quote “We have not brought half a million slaves from the coasts of Africa to make them into French citizens” in Document 3 is full of hatred and resentment towards slaves. D’Augy wants to convince people of the risks in recognizing the rights of slaves and treating slaves like French citizens. Furthermore, voodoo rituals mentioned in Document 5, where everyone “threw themselves on their knees and swore blindly to obey the orders of Boukman”, was an economic change since the slaves went from a life of passively working for their oppressors to actively attempting to overthrow their masters. These changes will soon be repeated in countries like the German Coast Uprising of 1811 in the United States.
They both inspired other countries to start their own revolutions to rid of monarchy and to create a republic government. The American and the French revolutions were more similar than different. One similarity being is that both the Americans and French wanted to escape the rule of their King. Also, both revolutions were started by an uprising of people against unfair taxation by the monarchy. American colonists protested against taxation passed by the English Parliament without any representation in that body.
The people of Venezuela revolted because Spain controlled the colony to bring in profit, but the people of Venezuela wanted freedom so they did not have trade restrictions. After becoming free, Spain briefly conquered Venezuela, slavery was restored, and trade restrictions were put back in place. Ideas and principles of liberty and equality failed during the Venezuelan revolution due to Spain reconquering the country. The progress of the revolution did not last for long, and no long term process was made. People of Haiti revolted because of slavery and unfair voting.
In Document A, there is a map showing the land Napoleon conquered for France, Napoleon and his military conquered a lot of land for France and it even explains in Document B that Napoleon conquered so much land because he wanted to eliminate the tyrants of other countries to better the lives of people under their rule. Napoleon cared about the happiness and well being of others. In Document E the Napoleonic Code explains “All Frenchmen shall enjoy civil rights.” During the Reign of Terror and the Revolution Frenchmen had no civil rights and had no protection from the government. Napoleon reintroduced civil rights to France after their rights had been taken away from them. Document C explains that Napoleon believed in better education for France and thought better education would help create a stronger military.
A goal of the French Revolution was that the third estate became eager to have an actual leader that would pay attention to their needs so they because the National Assembly and agreed on the tennis court oath. They also wanted to create a new government but king Louis XVI wouldn’t sign it off so the National Assembly got mad and they overthrew the bastille. The bastille was a jail where all the prisoners were being kept. The third estate created the Declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen to express these goals. The goal of the American Revolution was to get away from the British government and be free.
Chapter 17 Margin Notes- Atlantic Revolutions and Their Echoes 1) In what ways did the ideas of the Enlightenment contribute to the Atlantic Revolution? The Enlightenment ideas contributed to the Atlantic Revolution because people believed that the ideas were telling them to fight for liberty, natural rights, equality, and free trade, provided which provided the intellectual underpinnings of the Atlantic Revolutions. The Enlightenment also promoted the idea that human political, and social, arrangements could be engineered and improved, by human action. The Enlightenment was one of the causes of the French Revolution which in turn led to many of the Latin American Revolutions of the 1820’s. 2) What was revolutionary about the American Revolution, and what was not?
Braford E. Burns began writing The Poverty of Progress as a historical essay arguing against the “modernization” of nineteenth century Latin America. Burns argues that modernization was preformed against the will of the majority and benefited a small group of Creole Elite, while causing an exponential drop in the quality of life for folk majority. Burns supports his research through a series of dichotomies. Within the first twenty years of the nineteenth century the majority of Latin America gained independence from Spain. Prior to the Latin American countries gaining independence, the Creole elites expressed great displeasure with the crown and readily equated themselves with the American colonists before gaining independence from Britain.
Third, the king tried to call an Estates General to get help from the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd estates to solve the debt problem, but the goals were impossible to reach and the 3rd estate was left out. Fourth, the 3rd estate recognized that they would have no power in the Estates General, so they created a national assembly which ended up giving them more power than the King couldn’t take away. . The national debt was one of the main causes of the French Revolution. They country was in a lot of debt because of all the foreign wars, invasions, and colonization.
They wanted to pay the same amount of taxes like the clergy and nobles. The Glencoe World History textbook states, “ …the Third Estate wanted to set up a constitutional government that would abolish the tax exemptions of the clergy and nobility.” This piece evidence shows how the Third Estate is doing everything they can to get their rights back and to solve the financial crisis. Also, they hated the clergy and nobility because during this time of poverty where everyone is starving the clergy and nobility get jewelry and spend money on things for themselves when they can get food for the population. History.com states, “Louis XVI assembled the Estates-General, a national assembly that represented the three “estates” of the French people–the nobles, the clergy, and the commons.” This shows how the Third Estate came up with a very good plan which was during the meeting they all knew they were outnumbered with votes so they went on a tennis court and did a oath that they will not be separated and king Louis XVI tried to stop them but couldn’t so in the end all of the Estates were put into one fair group. The second aim was that they wanted to change the monarchy into a republic or a democracy.
He saw hope in the people as he interacted with them in daily life and then tried to diplomatically solve the issues that the revolting nation was having with France. Toussaint was imprisoned and executed. The people were scattered and then Dessaline took the fight in his hands for a free Haiti. The country was the first free black country and paved the way for many other revolutions. I believe that some countries and leaders still oppose Haiti and their
In 1689, the British and the French entered a long period of frequent warfare known as the Second One Hundred Years’ War. The British government had to start directing its focus towards the French rather than its colonies in the New World. Due to the constant warfare, the British did not enforce the Navigation Acts that regulated and controlled trade going to and from the colonies. This sort of political and economic strategy was called salutary neglect. The Americans enjoyed minimal interference in their trading and the American economy grew and developed under this salutary neglect.
The beginning of this time started directly after Maximilien Robespierre came to power. He tells us that is trying to form a “Republic of Virtue” when in reality he is just eliminating a lot of France 's significant history. Even keeping the days straight now is hard, after he changed our days and weeks up. And to think this was being done because it was a threat to the republic. Not to mention all of the unwarranted killing for his precious “Republic of Virtue”.
The colonists were treated very poorly by the English government and they had been denied their rights as Englishmen. The taxation of representation was another main cause for the revolution. When it comes to how they won their independence they had help from France. After the French and Indian War, Britain took the unusual step of taxing the colonists for the cost of the war. Colonists had been taxed before,
This new form of government crushed the idea of a government governed by a king. This important event had ended the monarchy power in the America and it marked a new beginning of a republic nation. The revolution was followed by an economic depression in the nation. The main problem was the Articles of Confederation gave too much authority to the states, leaving the Congress with so little power. The Congress had so little power that they could not do anything to enforce or protect the nation.