1984 Marxist Analysis

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The Marxist ideology was first put forth by Karl Marx. Marx was a well-known German philosopher, economist, and political theorist, who desired a world that was favorable for the working class. He saw how poorly workers were being treated in many capitalist nations and he wanted to change this. Under Marxist policies, all workers would be treated equally and big, private businesses would not exist. These radical and revolutionary ideals would later become very popular in countries like Russia, Cuba, Vietnam, North Korea, and China. When reading 1984 through a Marxist lens, there are many things that stand out, especially in the area of social classes. In this novel, there are 3 main classes: The proles (the common people), the Inner Party,…show more content…
During the time that the novel was written, many nations were involved in a cold war, which was an ideological "showdown" between capitalist and socialist nations. George Orwell was definitely on the capitalist side, and he was heavily against communism. This explains why he represented it as an evil and rotten establishment in his book. Many elements of Marxism/communism were accurately portrayed in the book, but many were also exaggerated. After reading the novel, many people in the west likely began to view socialism as an evil type of government. This was Orwell's goal: he wanted to denounce communism to lessen the west's opinion of…show more content…
Both books contain low, middle, and high classes but the classes differ in terms of how they're treated. In Hamlet, the middle and low classes are definitely treated pretty well. They have many rights and can be close to people of higher status. They also play very significant roles within the text. In 1984, however, the middle and low classes have almost no rights and are in constant fear of death. The high class completely controls the lower classes and does everything they can to stay in power. In a way, they are the complete masters of the
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