Have you ever drifted away from your own sanity in hopes of getting revenge? Does the thought of violence or chaos cross your mind when it seems like the world is out to get you? In one of William Shakespeare’s most famous tragedies, Hamlet, acts of violence seem to follow each and every character in the play. In the beginning, Shakespeare throws Hamlet into a whirlwind of change and endless emotions. With his father just being murdered by his uncle Claudius and Polonius banning the relationship between him and Ophelia, the only thought running through Hamlet’s mind was anger and revenge.
There are several theories about why Hamlet delays in killing his Uncle, King Claudius. As the son of a murdered noble, Hamlet is obligated to avenge the death of his father. It’s a law, but he must first talk with god to ensure his safety in his journey and that taking vengeance will not send him straight to hell. The act is never performed until the end of the play. Quite some time after Hamlet discovered Claudius was his father 's killer.
In both dramas, William Shakespeare and Sophocles presented tragic heroes that were led to their downfalls by the power of fate, and the consequences of their freewill actions. Through Oedipus, Sophocles shows that fate will control an individual’s life despite one’s actions to prevent it. For instance, Oedipus’s destiny was determined by the gods before he was even born. Oedipus was originally the child of Queen Iokaste and King Laius. However, once his parents heard about Oedipus’ prophecy, which claimed that Oedipus would kill his father and marry his mother, Oedipus’s father decided to kill Oedipus and abandon him.
The evolution of Hamlet is quite surprising he begins as a young leader with the world in his hand, to a mad who becomes gript with revenging his father’s death. The revenge theme is acted upon throughout the story and is essentially what drives Hamlet. He believes that Claudius has killed his father (we later find out this is true), this begins his investigating. “Hamlet O, from this period forth, my opinions be wounded, or be nobody value!” Hamlet 's search to revenge his father 's death blinded his ethics and intelligence and main to his early death. It can be argued that Hamlet is the most complex character Shakespeare has ever written, there has been many debates revolving around his insanity (real or fake).
Hamlet says “That (he) the son of (his) dear father murdered,/ Promoted to (his) revenge by heaven and hell...” / . Hamlet says that he wants to send Claudius to hell because he did not give his father a chance for confession which will send his father to hell. That’s why hamlet is showing his revenge because he want Claudius, the same fate as his father. Hamlet says, “...and so he goes to heaven and so am i revenged that would be scanned: A villain kills my father, and for that, I his sole son, do this same villain send Heaven…/ And am i then / revenged / To take him in the purging of his soul,/When he is fit and seasoned for his passage?”/.Hamlet also admits to Ophelia that he is wants revenge by saying in line 135 of Act 3.1.“I am very proud, revengeful, ambitious, with more offenses at my beck than I have thought to put them in imagination to give them shape, or time to act them in… / So it is proved that Hamlet’s primary motivation is to kill the destroyer of his father’s life, that being his Uncle
This is actually one of the reasons why Claudius is unable to punish Hamlet, because “Why to a public count I might not go, Is the great love the general gender bear him who, dipping all his faults in affection.” (4.7.20-21) The people favor Hamlet even after he wrongly murdered Polonius. Furthermore, Hamlet 's father returning as a ghost to tell Hamlet of Claudius’s crime, could convince any doubters of the validity of Hamlets claim. This does not happen however, and his whole revenge plan get everyone killed. Not only do innocent bystanders get killed, but also people Hamlet loves die. The most repulsing action though is Hamlet not taking responsibility for his actions.
Hamlet comes up with a plan to seek revenge for his uncle’s senseless acts. The plan involves pretending to go insane and cause as many deaths possible along the way. His father’s death caused rapid downfall. In my opinion, the earliest signs of Hamlet’s deterioration were in the following quote; “Why, what should be the fear? I do not set my life at a pin’s fee.
Hamlet's mischief appears in the script. This moment is important because, at this time, Hamlet realizes that he is now obliged to kill his uncle so that he can revenge his father's death. As we can see, after the play, Hamlet follows Claudius and decides to punish him in the more strict way instead of just kill him when he is praying, “Up sword, and know thou a more horrid hent. When he is drunk asleep, or in his rage, Or in th’ incestuous pleasure of his bed, At game, a-swearing, or about some act That has no relish of salvation in ’t—Then trip him, that his heels may kick at heaven, And that his soul may be as damned and black. As hell, whereto it goes.” (III.iii.
He cannot even fight for a worthy cause dear to his heart, but Fortinbras’ men die for a meaningless reason. Shakespeare uses particular words such as “death” (4.4.55), “danger dare” (4.4.55), “eggshell” (4.4.56), and “honor” (4.4.59) to show that Fortinbras’ men are braver than Hamlet since they take action. For this, Hamlet is irritated since they are fighting for an eggshell, a simple and useless item. However, this irritation sparks a realization which allows a powerful ending to the soliloquy. Hamlet vows to only have “bloody” (4.4.69) thoughts.
Before he dies, Laertes says, “…The foul practice / Hath turned itself on me. Lo, here I lie, / Never to rise again” (Shakespeare 5.2 327-329). He proves Confucius’s proverb true, “Before you embark on a journey of revenge, dig two graves.” Laertes attempts to avenge his father’s and sister’s deaths, and he partially succeeds; but not without losing his own life in the process. This is another consequence of seeking vengeance: it ruins you as well. The characters in Hamlet learn how revenge is capable of torturing, ensnaring, and ruining those who choose to partake of