Hammurabi was born in Babylon which is now modern day Iraq, his father was a king with a lot of power before him. Hammurabi was first only a ruler of a city until he was able to be the king of the Babylonian Empire. Hammurabi divided society to three different classes there were Nobles and rich landowners, Middle and poor social class, and then there were slaves which most of the slaves were P.O.W (Prisoners of War). The code he created separated the
King David was a very important man in ancient times for many different reasons. For example, he was king of Israel for 40 years, he killed the notorious giant named goliath in the war between the Israelites and the philistines, and he is responsible for bringing the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem. He lived for a total 70 years, was born in 907 BC and died in 837 BC. Most people know King David as David from David and goliath but as I said, he did much more than that in his lifetime. I’ll begin my speech by talking about his days before he became a king and what most people might not know about him.
With the help of laws that had punishments like loosing a hand or an eyeball, looking back into Babylonian society was made a lot easier. These laws were created by the king of the city-state Babylon around 1792 BCE, Hammurabi. His reasoning for enforcing the laws, known as Hammurabi’s code, was to protect the weak and those who could not help themselves (doc B). He created 282 laws, and carved them onto a stele, a pillar-like stone. The multiple steles, he created and placed around the kingdom, consisted of a carving of him with Shamash, the god of justice, a prologue, the written laws and an epilogue (doc A).
“It was chartered by a unanimous act of Congress in 1980, and opened in 1933.” James Ingo Freed and partners designed the building (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum 2). People all over the world have made their own Holocaust Memorials to pay their respect to (Wikipedia.org). The word “Holocaust” itself comes from the Greek words “Holos”, meaning whole, and “Kaustos”, meaning burned (History.com). “It is 161 feet wide, 312 feet long, 91 feet tall, and is 265,000 square feet in size”. The museum cost was approximately 168 million dollars just to build (ushmm.org).
Hammurabi was a king who ruled a small city-state named Babylonia. Hammurabi ruled Babylonia for 42 years for 30 years he was limited to only Babylonia, he was involved in lots of quarrels with other kings of other small city-states. After that in 1792 BCE he became the ruler of much of Ancient Mesopotamia. He ruled over an estimated amount of 1 million people . After this triumph, he wrote a set of laws that are now called Hammurabi’s code.
Persia was founded by Cyrus the Great. Cyrus the Great was born some time in between 580 to 590 B.C.E., but information about him did not emerge until 550 B.C.E. (Stockdale) Cyrus originally took over Medes, but several years later, he conquered and joined together Lydia, Cilicia, Croesus and Media to create the Achaemenid period of Persia. One of Cyrus’ greatest gestures that he performed was when he took over Babylon. Babylon at the time was ruled by a cruel king, and after Cyrus took over, he set free about 40,000 Hebrew slaves.
I disagree with Hammurabi’s code because most laws were to cruel and targeted certain people. Although the code sculpted the culture in 1797 BC, the code would have no chance of surviving in any modern country to this day due to the harsh punishments received from breaking the laws. According to Hammurabi, he stated “...the strong might not inquire the weak, in order to protect the widows and orphans, I set up these my precious words...etc” (Doc B). Although I do not agree with Hammurabi’s code, I do believe that he was trying to create and maintain a healthy and safe environment for his people by trying to prevent crime with such a harsh set of laws. However, the consequences for not abiding these laws were too harsh.
Hammurabi laws still lacked fairness, doing King Hammurabi time a lot of the punishments that were passed down, did not match the crimes. Hammurabi way of thinking was an eye for an eye. Meaning you steal I take your hand. There was a lot of unfair punishments being passed down, seeing that majority of the people back then could not even read the laws. Looking at King Hammurabi time of rule we can see in modern day law how far we have come.
It started to be a regular thing until I saw the government that I had once trusted beat a man who wouldn 't leave his daughter behind. As rage filled me up I knew I had to do something to help the very people that had taught me my culture, not only was it the right thing it do, but instead it was what I had to do. It is november 18, 2038 which marks the anniversary of my capture a year earlier. I have been taken from my home without my family for a year and put in a camp in mexico, yet it seems as if everyone around me is apart of me because we share the same culture. In the camps we are not allowed to celebrate anything that Trump says we can 't or we will be killed on the spot.
The first village built by the English was named “James Fort” in honor of their monarch. Within two weeks the Indians, known as the Powhatan’s, found out from the Secotans (North Carolina Native Americans), where most of the recent settlements got “lost”, so they attacked the village. The attack was a failure because the British drew out the Indians with cannons and muskets. After the British drove the Indians away showing more power they also had disadvantages, most of the settlers were trained soldiers and gentries which means they didn’t have enough farmers and farm land to feed all 150 colonists. By the first half of September more than half of the James Fort city (later Jamestown) colonists died, taking the Powhatan’s to pity.