Han Dynasty Compare Contrast Essay

612 Words3 Pages
In order to understand the similarities of how order was in the Han Dynasty and Roman Empire from 300 BCE to 300 CE, the beginnings of each empire should be understood. Before the Han Dynasty rose, the Qin Dynasty, which overtaxed their citizens and regulated their laws by censoring education (burning books). The Roman Empire started out as a city-state which began to conquer neighboring regions, such as Italy, and expanded through warfare. However, from 300 BCE to 300 CE, the Han Dynasty and Roman Empire both created order in society by having an agrarian economy, ideologies, and establishing an authority that shaped social structures. The first similarity of how the Romans and the Han both created order in society, from 300 BCE to 300 CE, was their agrarian economy. The Han and Roman Empire’s economies were both dependent on agriculture. The Han used peasants to plant rice; basically, China’s lower class planted a staple crop to support the economy. Unlike the Han…show more content…
After the Qin collapsed, the Han integrated Confucianism into their bureaucracy, which established a rule that officials had to be educated. The future bureaucrats, which were scholars, were put into an Imperial University that prepared them before becoming apart of the government. On the other hand, the Romans established war ethos after conquering Italy. War campaigns, called March, came into effect and trained soldiers. Both served as a purpose of shaping the societies’ values; the Han was based more on education, while the Romans were more war-oriented. This created order in society by establishing the empire’s values and what type of character each individual has to have: and educated bureaucrat in Han China or a military-based official in the Roman Empire. So, from 300 BCE to 300 CE, the Han and Roman both created order and society by having an ideology shape their
Open Document