In the Classical era, two very comparable empires carried out the cycle of rising and falling on the far western and eastern ends of Eurasia. While only Rome had to struggle to grow from a single city to an enormous empire, both Rome and Han China rose to power on the backs of their brutal armies. And, the fall of both empires negatively impacted the life of common people as well as the cultivation of culture across Eurasia. In the beginning of its reign, the Roman empire labored to grow from an impoverished city-state into a more expansive political force.
In 246 BCE Prince Zheng ascended to the Qin throne and lead the dynasty to vanquish all enemies and unite China under one ruler, himself, "The First Emperor," for the first time in history. It's debatable whether Emperor Zheng was one of the greats, but he wanted to be as he expressed good morals according to Confucian standards by climbing up five mountains, also known as his, "expeditions." At every mountaintop, Zheng carved his accomplishments on stone and left it there for the world to see. This act supported not only his dynasty, but the Confucianism teachings which believed the role of all great rulers was to lead their subjects in ritual. Heacily influenced by legalist teachings, Emperor Zheng also demonstrated more control over his subjects than previous
China, up until the Qin Dynasty, consisted of independent states controlled by kings fighting each other for land and power. This time period was called The Era of Warring States, which lasted two hundred years. After this time, the Qin Dynasty rose to power. They conquered all other dynasties, and established a centralized government, unifying China for the first time. The dynasty that succeeded the Qin, the Han, continued the centralized government and they started a westward expansion that would encourage trade and cultural diffusion.
There are many reasons contributing to the negative thoughts towards Emperor Wu, however one of the main reasons that really made people grew hate and consider her as a bad emperor was definitely the evil deed she did to her family members. In order to achieve her goals and obtain the power she desires, she decides to kill and murder. You can clearly see how many people she murdered from the book Mysteries about Chinese History, where it states “ According to the historical book of China you are the closest to yourself. Emperor Wu Ze Tian, killed one of her daughter, two sons, four brothers, two sisters a niece.”
The era of the Han dynasty in China, simply referred to as ‘Han China,’ was an extremely prominent one, with power that almost rivaled the Romans themselves. During this period of China, achievements and accomplishments reached new heights as the Silk Road opened, which allowed connection with the western world. However, even with all this, Han China still fell, thanks to opposing forces in the form of nomadic tribes, several natural disasters that were interpreted as angry messages from the gods, and internal/political unrest. During the Han dynasty and the opening of the Silk Road, there were several aggressive, nomadic tribes that centered around the Asian area.
Question 1: One of the artifacts in the National Palace Museum that shows evidence of ritualism in Ancient China is the Zong Zhou Zhong. First off, the Zong Zhou Zhong was created for ancestral worship rituals. It was used during the late West Zhou dynasty and has a 123-character inscription by Emperor Li. The inscriptions describe how the emperor follows the actions or words of his ancestors and models his behaviors off of his ancestors. Another artifact that can symbolize ritualism is the wine vessels.
Introduction The period of Zhenguan in the Tang Dynasty is one of the most powerful and prosperous period in the long history of ancient China. During the period of Zhenguan, the politics was bright, the populations of people increased obviously, the communications with foreign countries in Asia and European were frequent, the agriculture and handicraft developed, and China became the most powerful countries in Asia. It is amazing that the period of Zhenguan appeared just after thirty-one years after the establishment of the Tang Dynasty in 618. To analyze the inconceivable appearance of the period of Zhenguan in the Tang Dynasty, Emperor Taizong of Tang (Li Shimin) was the person who could not be ignored, because he was the second emperor
In our history, countries have found what government types have worked and what hasn’t. For example, the Qin and Zhou dynasties both represent the output of a person/group having too much power. Also, we had two wars over communism because in communism the central government has too much power. I think that a great country is based around the power given. To spread the power I would use the U.S. Constitution and Chinese philosophies.
The Mongols conquered much land to create a vast empire with a legacy that impacts society today. With their armies, the Mongols brought a new type of government to China. They allowed China to continue its bureaucratic ways, but had absolute control over everything. Although there are other cultures that have influenced China’s government, the Mongols had a great impact on China’s government. This is shown by the similar traits both governments of the time share, its military dependency, intimidation, and absolute power without any checks.
Over the course of its lifetime, China has hosted dynasties ruled by a number of families. From the 17th to 20th century, the Qing, Manchurian invaders, conquered China and established the last dynasty in the history of China. At the peak of the Qing dynasty, the quality of life of the individual living inside China was tremendous. The many rebellions over the course of the rule of the Qing would ensure the downfall of the dynasty through the decline of central power and the increase in foreign involvement, eventually leading to the loss of the Mandate of Heaven and the collapse of the Qing dynasty.
In order to understand the similarities of how order was in the Han Dynasty and Roman Empire from 300 BCE to 300 CE, the beginnings of each empire should be understood. Before the Han Dynasty rose, the Qin Dynasty, which overtaxed their citizens and regulated their laws by censoring education (burning books). The Roman Empire started out as a city-state which began to conquer neighboring regions, such as Italy, and expanded through warfare. However, from 300 BCE to 300 CE, the Han Dynasty and Roman Empire both created order in society by having an agrarian economy, ideologies, and establishing an authority that shaped social structures. The first similarity of how the Romans and the Han both created order in society, from 300 BCE to 300 CE, was their agrarian economy.
Religions of the Han and Yuan Dynasties The Religion of the Han and Yuan Dynasties were Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism. The religions of these dynasties affected the government and society greatly. During the Han Dynasty the major religion was Confucianism. Buddhism and Daoism were the main religions in the Yuan Dynasty. Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism all affected the Chinese government.
Between 100 CE and 300 CE, the Han Dynasty had set important cultural foundations, such as Confucianism, constant, which lasted even after the rule of the Dynasty due to literature. The cultural changes led to a period of peace and economic prosperity; however, the political changes, such as unequal control of land between the rich and poor, had resulted in the Empire’s collapse by 220 CE, and it led to the Three Kingdoms Period (ends in 280 CE). The interior government was corrupt because of the civil service exams and the outer court system. Wealthy people had taken advantage of their power in order to get power. The court systems and the elite class became more focused on the luxuries of ruling rather than the duties of ruling.
Throughout the span of mankind's history, Ancient Egypt and Ancient China was two of the oldest and most convoluted civilizations. In worldwide history, Ancient Egypt and Ancient China differs in most factors such as social, economic, and political which shaped their developments. These distinctions decide their positioning in headway all throughout world history. Ancient China evolutionized more than Ancient Egypt, and it’'s discoveries had an essential impact on how the world functions from the past till today.