Furthermore, the leadership uses various dehumanizing methods to achieve complete subservience of women to men. Some of these methods include destroying identity through classification, objectification, and indoctrination. Most women of Gilead are sufficiently repressed that they seem to accept their assigned roles, at least outwardly resigned to their fate. Atwood uses gender roles in The Handmaid’s Tale to show the lengths to which misogynistic totalitarian governments will go, to protect their dictatorships. The Republic of Gilead is a hierarchical society which requires complete submission of women to men.
INTRO - "An Act of Vengeance" by Isabel Allende is a latin-american piece of literature. - According to feminists critics, literature adapted to this patriarchal society we have, and the feminist author, Isabel Allende, has exposed how men and women are in the society through her characters Dulce Rosa Orellano and Tadeo Cespedes. - The feminism theory is the outgrowth of the general movement to empower women worldwide. It recognizes and critiques male supremacy combined with the efforts to change this patriarchic view. - The goals of feminism is to show the importance of women and to bring gender equity.
Gender roles are constructed by society and attributed to women or men. In the book of vindication of the right of a woman, Wollstonecraft brings out clearly the roles of a woman in her society and how it has led to oppression of women (Wollstonecraft 22). Wollstonecraft believes that men and women are equal given the same environment and empowerment, women can do anything a man can do. In her society, education for women is only aimed at making her look pleasing to men. Women are treated as inferior being and used by men as sex objects.
‘A person’s intellectual make-up bears the clear imprint of the life of society as a whole’. To what extent does the language and structure in ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ and ‘Kindred’ reflect versions of masculinity? Both ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ and ‘Kindred’ explore the psychological destruction of misogyny within their civilisation. This is predominantly seen through the fact that the Republic of Gilead is so ubiquitous that the nation was instituted for the sole purpose of restoring a true theocratic patriarchy which parallels the social hierarchy also apparent in ‘Kindred’. Every aspect of society works not only to gain control over those of low social standing, but also show a significantly great amount of prejudice against women.
In a male dominated world, all the conflicts that are formed as seen as disagreements with the “higher law written by the finger of God” (Stanton). God is placed as a top priority and One whom holds proper judgement. Thusly, by saying that God Himself sees the male annihilation in society and disapproves, Stanton justifies that with the help of women, society
This is suggested by Helen Simpson who stated that Carter centralises ‘latent content of fairy-tale’ is that women are objects of male desire hence patriarchal discourse establishes male supremacy to which Carter does this to challenge contemporary perspectives on the place of women by revealing the oppression that society inflicted. The Marquis is an overt example of male ownership of female bodies. Similarly, where Atwood exposes the harsh realities of oppressive patriarchy through the female body, Carter utilises the construct of the Marquis in the eponymous story ‘The Bloody Chamber’ as a grotesque embodiment of patriarchal control. In her essay ‘Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema’ Laura Mulvey coined the feminist term ‘male gaze.’ She argues that men are the audience and women are to embody the male perspective of women as objects of satisfaction. This is particularly apt when considering Carter’s use of gustatory imagery ironically depicting the Marquis as a ‘connoisseur’ and ‘gourmand’ which adds to his sadistic lifestyle and so symbolises control through stripping her with ease like ‘stripping leaves off an artichoke’ and resembling the pornographic image of ‘Rops…Reproof of Curiosity’ sexualising the image of women.
George Orwell incorporated the theme of totalitarianism into his novel 1984 to display the ever changing world around him during the time it was written. Comparisons between the world that Orwell described and current world activities can be made. The novel 1984 depicts a totalitarianistic government which can be related to historical events such as World War II, and to events that are currently happening today such as the NSA and the spying incidents that occurred in the United States. The novel of 1984 displays themes of totalitarianism. One example directly from the novel 1984 is this quote written by the author George Orwell; “Down in the street little eddies of wind were whirling dust and torn paper into spirals, and though the sun was shining and the sky a harsh blue, there seemed to be no color in anything, except the posters that were plastered everywhere.
The warnings totalitarian gov’t in the novels, the Handmaids tale, and 1984, both authors introduce the audience with the total speculation of the citizens. In which they are forced to live in a dystopian society with a totalitarian based government. To preserve a totalitarian society such as a lead, and Oceania the higher authorities must enforce secret police’s, regulate, harsh punishment, and limit language, thought and sexuality. The society of Oceania in 1984 is ruled by the omnipresent authority figure Big Brother who can be characterized as a totalitarian dictator. His main focus is to keep his citizens in check by making sure they abide and consent to his rulings
Of course, women, such as Murasaki, were forced into marriages without their own consent, which does identify her own experiences as a lady-in-waiting in the Heian royal court. This feminist view illustrates the forced submission of women as sexual objects for the Genji, which has much merit in terms of the Murasaki’s own insight into feminist narratives of women living in these patriarchal circumstances. In this case, Murasaki provides a feminine narrative of the experiences and choices that women had to make under an oppressive male dominant government. The Genji, therefore, is merely a central character that expresses the total control of male figures in the novel, as part of a larger narrative that reflects the unique views of women in medieval Japanese
Art can be used to portray political messages and is considered as a powerful weapon to show the public about political leaders’ .The great example to it is the novel 1984 written by George Orwell. George Orwell uses his novel to portray political evils and political leaders’ totalitarianism. Orwell’s political views or messages were formed by his experiences of Socialism, Totalitarianism and Imperialism. It was the understanding of Orwell 's panics about Stalinist Russia and the growth of Totalitarianism that stimulated him to write his novel 1984 and being an Anti-Utopian novel, 1984 gives a picture of a world where Totalitarianism had full control over society. Art can be used as a medium to remind the society about future calamities if they let something senseless to take place in their society.
Society itself is working in contradiction to the protagonist’s aims and aspirations. The responder can develop a superior knowledge of dystopian societies through the comparison of Victor Kelleher’s novel ‘Taronga’ and Neil burgers Film ‘Divergent’, as both can be perceived as instable tales. This reveals the destruction of society’s values by one individual; they are compelled to confront the brutality, fear, and misuse of power that results.
1984 In George Orwell 's 1984, Winston Smith wrestles with oppression in Oceania, a place where the Party scrutinizes human actions with ever-watchful Big Brother. Even the slightest of disobedience resulted in severe punishment. Defying a ban on individuality, Winston dares to express his thoughts in a diary and pursues a relationship with Julia. Just like our lives now we are watched at almost every second. In George Orwell’s 1984, it is explained how we are going into a society where we are being watched and being controlled by the government from the past to now.