Louise M. Antony argues an important ethical concern in her article, “Good minus God”. Can a person do good deeds without God? Arguing from an atheistic point of view, Antony believes that a person does not need to depend on God in order to complete good deeds. I agree, whether Christian or Atheist, all can perform good deeds, but who ultimately defines good versus evil? Antony subjectively defines morality and uses nature as her source.
Carol Gilligan focused on actual rather than the hypothetical situation of moral conflict and choices. It’s about what people see as moral problems or questions, and how moral language comes into play in shaping the choices people consider to make or the action they would actually take. Her care ethic is the premise that humans are fundamentally responsive beings and that human condition is concerned with connection with one another. She states.” that ethics of care directs our attention to the need for responsiveness in relationships to the costs of losing connection with oneself or with others.” As humans, we are by nature empathic and responsive beings, hard-wired for cooperation. My interview was with two older people who are married.
Responsibility is defined as “something that you should do because it is morally right, [and] legally required” (www.merriam-webster.com). In “Of Mice and Men” by John Steinbeck, the theme of social responsibility is frequently used throughout the novel. Various characters in the book are conflicted with whether they should be socially responsible for the greater good of society. On the issue of social responsibility, Johnson C. Montgomery, author of “The Island Of Plenty,” states that: “As compassionate human beings we grieve for the condition of mankind, but our grief must not interfere with our perception of reality and our planning for a better future for those who will come after us……but the truth is often very simple and reality is inhumane”.
Covert use of medication can be seen as dishonest as the NMC code (2015) states respect the level to which people receiving care want to be involved in decisions about their own health, wellbeing and care; the code of practice also states act with honesty and integrity at all times, treating people fairly. In contrast however, Beauchamp and Childress (2009) highlights non disclosure, limited discolour, deception or lying may be considered when veracity and the principle of autonomy is thought to conflict with other ethical obligation. Jean was given the opportunity to understand and evaluate what was being asked and was provided with all relevant information to support their decision making process.
In philosophy, there are many different ethical theories on which we are believed to reason in everyday decision making. Philosophers such as Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill, and Aristotle all developed theories in which they believe we should follow in order to live full ethical and moral lives. Kantianism, utilitarianism, and virtue ethics are all unique theories, but with careful consideration, we can conclude that although virtue ethics generalizes the idea of a well rounded moral individual, There are still many issues that make it just as unreasonable and impractical as the other theories. Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is a view codified by John Stuart Mill who was a student of Jeremy Bentham who originally introduced the concept. The
In Julie Beck’s informative article, “This Article Won 't Change Your Mind,” she explores and challenges the phenomenon that belief and choices are often influenced by a person’s moral characteristics and their environment. Beck first uses a short anecdote explaining how people often chooses to only believe the things that they want to believe. If a subject matter is too uncomfortable to discuss, people often become dismissive and choose not to acknowledge the unbearable truth. Beck then continues to pursue her argument by applying reliable studies in order to strengthen the ethicality of her beliefs. She uses sources such as T Leon Festinger’s study and Stanley Schachter’s book, When Prophecy Fails, in order to imbed undeniable facts into
However, for the Callatian (Blanco, 2013), it is a sign of respect as the person’s spirit will dwell within them. Therefore, different cultures with result in different moral codes. In that case, people should see matters from many aspects instead of having a general truth as the standard. A second reason why cultural relativism has a more logical way of reasoning is because it teaches us to keep in an open mind. This can be seen from the fact that people should respect and tolerate other’s culture since there is no universal truth that holds for all people.
Human beings have been always taught that in life is important to live according to moral principles and ethics. But why be moral is important,to answer this question many people across the entire universe rely upon religion. This is what philosophers called the Divine Command Theory meaning that actions should be considered morally good if they were commanded by God. This theory is still very controversial because some criticize the theory but others defend it by making connections between religion and ethics. This topic let us think the nature of moral deliberation for example what one religion can see an action as to be morally good but a different religion might see it different.
This topic is the subject of many discussions between various types of social groups, nations, representatives of different professions, scholars and other communities. The conventional ethical relativism and ethical objectivism theories are trying to define the answer also. Conventional ethical relativism states that whatever is accepted by the majority is correct from the moral point of view. On the contrary, according conventional ethical objectivism there are universal principles which are exist despite independent of the personal beliefs. From my personal perspective, I support the theory of conventional ethical objectivism because I believe that this attitude is vital to ensure the harmony and equality within the
Morality and Meaning The Road “The purpose of morality is to teach you, not to suffer and die, but to enjoy yourself and live” thats a quote by Ayn Ran I believe we all have moral standards. Morality describes the principles that govern our behavior. Without these principles in place, societies cannot survive for long. In today's world, morality is frequently thought of as belonging to a particular religious point of view, but by definition, we see that this is not the case. Everyone has a moral mind (perhaps compas?)