The Monroe Doctrine was to prevent the interference of Europe. Roosevelt also used international police power to enforce this doctrine. This was for National Security. The sphere of influence were regions of China outside the nation China had economic and political privileges. The Open Door Policy is when the secretary of state stated that all nations should have equal trading rights with China to European countries.
He gives economic reasons to back up his facts about what is good or harmful for the area he lives in. “Loans for railways and irrigation. Development of a few valuable products, such as indigo, tea, coffee, silk. Increase of exports. Telegraphs.” These were many of the positive forms of trade and money-making that Europeans brought to India.
The embargo of 1807 reduced the amount of desperately needed foreign goods. To compensate for this deficit, enhanced manufacturing became necessary, seen most notably in the Lowell System in the Northeast. The inventions of Francis Cabot Lowell allowed the Boston manufacturing company to coalesce all of these processes and procedures in the facility at Waltham. With peace, New England became a textile mill center (Borneman 259). This progression of manufacturing led to a larger middle class, as people found the desire to buy luxury goods for themselves once again, leading to economic enhancement.
A precipitating factor would be that the colonists still valued English protection and feared the Catholic colony of New France who were fighting for fur trade. While the English colonies were preoccupied with the Glorious Revolution, French forces of the fur trade were seen attacking New York and New England. This developed into what is known as King William's War, which illustrated the conflict against France in Europe. It was caused by colonial outgrowth and lasted until 1697. The conflict is seen as a distinguishing mark that along with the English royal government there also came the weight of military security.
A more recent monopoly occurred with AT&T involving the Bell system. The breakup of the Bell System was known as victorious spinoff in American history. This was not the first time that AT&T violated antitrust laws. Not long after the split, AT&T 's name transformed to AT&T Wireless. These operations led to the Sherman Antitrust Act in 1889.
Gustavus III employed some enlightened concepts in Sweden. King Gustavus III (1771-1792) reasserted the power of the monarchy. He proved to be one of the most enlightened kings of his age. By command, he instituted freedom of religion, speech, and press and also established a new code of justice that removed the use of torture. In addition, his economic improvements smacked of laissez-faire.
Groups of English magnates began to form companies for colonization. One of the first companies, and the company that found Jamestown, was The Virginia Company of London, for short, The Virginia Company. In order to take part in the company, one must be a male and investor. The Virginia Company’s main goal was to make a profit in the new world. King James I granted a royal charter for Virginia Company, 1606.
America’s colonization by the Europeans happened in the Age of Exploration, where Europe travelled the world in search of raw materials, land, and trade parties. North America was first discovered by Spain. The Spanish monarchs gave approval to Christopher Columbus to find new and faster route for the Asian Indies. Columbus ran into North American and was convinced he had bumped into the Indies and so he names the natives Indians, he soon learned otherwise. Spain realized the riches of the new world such as gold, silver, and the natives who could be used for slaves.
In Document I it said, “The French wanted to establish firm, long-lasting trading allies and so they spoke the Native language. In conclusion, America was the New World, and the settlers crossed the Atlantic for a better future. The French, English, and Spanish all crossed for the reasons, sources of colonial population, economic, and relations with the Native Americans. The significance of the English, French ,and Spanish explorers’ arrival to America is because it eventually lead to the establishment of the colonies. The colonies mostly English, lead to the start of America.
2. Main causes and drivers of globalization The treaty of Westphalia in 1648, has been known to be the beginning of the system of sovereign states. Unlike the previous treaties, the treaty of Westphalia drew up a list of core principles, which re-defined the conception of the state; territories were defined, and the lands uninfringeable. Supremacy of the nation-state became accepted as the norm and hence allowed growth of international relations (Pant, 2011). However, although this resulted on countries being more diplomatic and did allow an increase in trade, warfare did not end here.
When explorers first voyaged west, new towns sprouted in North America such as; Jamestown, Virginia and Plymouth, Massachusetts. These towns set laws and rights in which to obey on their long trip to the Americas. Eventually in the course of history the thirteen American Colonies we controlled by the English. The English were viewed as the mother country and profited greatly through trade and commerce within the colonies. Although over time the colonist government adopted British rights.
The Battle of New Orleans was a monumentous moment in the evolution of New Orleans. The importance of the Battle of New Orleans was to make sure Britain was not able to conquer New Orleans because they would take control of the Mississippi River and essentially control sea commerce. The events that occurred from 1763-1829 resulted in New Orleans being governed under different regimes to ensure safety from Britain. There are two primary sources that will be discussed in order to help define the time period I have chosen. The first primary source is the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
There were many reasons that the Second Continental congress declared independence from Great Britain. Life in the colonies was great, at first, soon after Great Britain started creating crazy amounts of taxes to support the mother country. In the year 1776 the Second Continental Congress officially declared independence from Great Britain. The first thing that Great Britain did to the colonies is they created the Navigational Acts. The Navigational Acts were a set of laws to make sure that Great Britain would profit from trade instead of any other country.
Around 1609, Samuel de Champlain settled Quebec as a trading outpost to get goods from the New World back to Europe. The French survived due to the establishment of a treaty with the Huron against the Iroquois Confederacy. “The French Empire in North America is built on a interlinking network of alliances with native peoples and kept alive by traditions of gift-giving and reciprocity” The French used these alliances to keep their control on the beaver skin trade to Europe. The English were the most barbaric of the three major European powers to colonize the New World. When the English started to colonize the New World, they first tried to settle at a place called Roanoke.
To solve this disturbance Washington sent John Jay to England to work out a treaty. Through Jay’s Treaty England gave America the “most favored nation” status, which meant that American merchants got a break on taxes on imported goods; “.. they shall pay no other higher duties or charges on the importation or exportation of the cargoes of the said vessels…(Phillips 146)” By having reduced trading costs Americans were able gain benefit because