This is seen in his buildings of canals, code of laws, food distribution, and building projects. He had also somehow unified the city-states of Mesopotamia into an empire, and then ruling over it, and established Babylon as one of the most renowned cities of the ancient world. The Stele of Hammurabi is one of the many great things that he had accomplished in his
In the Western Hemisphere, no early civilization was more remarkable than the Maya. The Maya are the best-known classical civilizations of Mesoamerica, originating in the state in southeastern Mexico, Yucatan at around 2000 B.C. They rose to importance around A.D. 250 in present-day southern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, and northern Belize. The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples. As being the most remarkable civilization in the Western Hemisphere, the Maya produced an extensive range of structures, and have left a great architectural legacy that places the Maya civilization as one of the great preindustrial civilizations of the world.
La Venta initiates this long American tradition too. One of its pyramids is more than 30 metres high. The Olmec temple complexes set the pattern for societies in America over the next 2000 years. The pyramids, with their temples and palaces, dominate the surrounding dwellings as powerfully as the priestly rulers and their rituals dominate the local community. The Zapotecs are among the first people to develop the Olmec culture in other regions.
The biggest Pericles achievement was construction of Acropolis. Acropolis is also named as upper-city or city-weight. It was instigated building project in 447 BC in Athens. Two famous monuments were constructed on Acropolis, and there were Parthenon and Propylaea. Parthenon was huge marble temple of Athens, and Propylaea was a mammoth gate building.
Abstract The Hadrianic Baths is one of the most important archaeological sites in Leptis Magna- Libya. It was built at the command of Emperor Hadrian in the early 2nd century CE; they represent some of the most lavish structures of Leptis Magna. It is unique in design and building technique. It was built of limestone, marble and brick. This paper mainly describes the deterioration of marble.
The religion of the area before Sundiata and the Mali Empire revolved around the worship of nature spirits, but the gold and salt trade brought in Muslim traders who spread Islam among the people. Mansa Musa was perhaps one of the most famous Muslims is Malian history. Mansa Musa, along with Sundiata, had expanded the borders of the empire into the surrounding land during his rule. Because of this, there were many diverse language and culture groups that came into Mali’s rule. Trade also introduced Arab and Islamic culture, along with the Arabic writing system.
Throughout history, art has been created by the material most easily available to the artists. Spanning the globe, certain marbles, pigments, and clays define cultural artifacts. However, within the traditional western world, art transformed into a strict vocation and a hierarchy of materials such as oil paint and marble became the pinnacle substances of genius. As a rebuttal against the institutional canon began in the mid-19th century, artists have combined various materials in order to articulate expression and commentary on the changing political and social spheres. In addition, the material used for a piece of art has become as important in the narration of the work as the subject itself.
Egypt and Maya were two of the greatest and most advanced civilizations that we have discovered. They flourished at different times and were located thousands of miles away from each other but had many things in common, as well as many differences. Egypt was at its peak before Maya at around 3,200 B.C. Maya reached its peak at around 250 A.D. Egypt was located along the Nile River and delta in Northern Africa. The Mayan Empire was located in present-day Mexico and Central America.
Coinage became a means by which unlimited exchanges could be made without any direct correlations of need. The coins provided an acceptable value that could be exchanged for various goods. This development created a unique demand for one of the items that was traded: metals. Gold, silver and bronze were the most common metals of the time. They were scattered across homes of the wealthy, temples and sanctuaries.
The reason for this is because, the origin of writing originated here. The city of Ur was a very important trade center. The last city is perhaps the most famous city out of all of them, Babylon. The name Babylon means “Gate of the Gods”. This city is known for its impressive walls and buildings.
Oakland Oakland is a West Coast port city in California. This city is well known for its sustainable practices. It is top ranking for usage of electricity by renewable resources. This city is also known being one of the most ethnically diverse major cities in the country. More than 125 languages are spoken here in Oakland.
Hatshepsut also recovered Karnak Temple. The largest religious building ever constructed. Hatshepsut reigned with success and pride, building temples and monuments, resulting in the economic success of Egypt. Hatshepsut also completed the temple Deir-el-Bahri. The temple itself is
Concentric castles were a style of castles from the Welsh, since the castle so big they were often times they are referred to as “a castle within a castle” (Alchin). Concentric castles contained multiple walls and gatehouses, and also consisted of many buildings within the walls. The first concentric castle was built in 1278 by King Edward I of England and architect Master James of Saint James. At this time in the Middle Ages better tools were invented allowing more detail and larger castles than before. One example of a better tool is a chisel, which craftsmen used to carve out large and strong arches.
The Sumerians also had a religion and worshiped many gods such as AN, KI, UTU and NINHURSUG. They built many city states and had a great impact on the civilizations that came after them. I feel that the Finger ring is important because it shows historians how advanced the Sumerians were for their time. The fact that they knew how to molt gold to make the ring in a circular shape amazes me. I thought gold was discovered and jewelry was made in Europe thousands of years later than the Sumerians.