Harappan Civilization Characteristics

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As we all know that Harappan civilization was a Bronze Age dated from 3300 to 1300 BCE mostly situated in North-West Indian subcontinent and in some parts of North-East Afghanistan. Majority of its sites are found in India and the largest concentration being along the Valley of Saraswati River and its tributary Drisadvati. This civilization, though being one of the oldest showed remarkable urban characteristics relevant to present day urban characteristics and was well known to the world for this. It’s known for its planned cities, drainage system and fire brick. Another remarkable aspect of Harappan culture was its craftsmanship and cottage industry which made it the wealthiest civilization in the world. Cities found near coastal regions have…show more content…
The city was divided into two parts; one was the Citadel where institution related to civil and religious concerns were found and the normal urban population area or the lower residential area where the people use to live. In Mohenjo-Daro as well as in Harappa, the citadel was surrounded by walls whereas in Kalibangan both residential as well as citadel were surrounded by wall. The towns and cities were parallel laid and the house were built of baked and unbaked bricks which tells us that brick making was a large scale industry of that time. If we look into the Citadel, the most important architecture was the ‘Great Bath’. The purpose of it is assumed to be for ritual practices or was of great importance to the people. There are also large granaries to the west of the ‘Great Bath’. The other side of the ‘Great Bath’ has a long building which is supposed to have been recognized as the gathering place for higher officials. Another important building present is the Assembly Hall. Also large number of granaries has been found in 2 rows of 6 with a central…show more content…
This rectangular planning of this area was a remarkable feature of the Harappan civilization. Alongside arterial roads covered drains were present with soak pits at regular intervals. There were different house of different sizes that pointed out different economic groups in the settlement, perhaps the one with two room cottage in parallel rows were inhabited by poor sections and the ones with courtyard and rooms around were used by rich people. The house had private wells and toilets. All the bathrooms from the houses were well connected by drains with sewers running down the streets. The drainage system of Harappa was an important achievements which also tells us our helps us suppose some kind of Municipal Organization might have existed at that time. The construction of the houses were much done by two types of bricks-kuchha and pukka bricks. The sewer system was built of pukka bricks and was also made waterproof by the addition of what is called

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