The Indus Valley Civilization (also known as the “Harappans”) lived from 3300-1300 BCE around the Indus Valley River, located in mostly modern day Pakistan (www.khanacademy.org, The Indus River Valley Civilizations). They were a very extensive civilization, having towns and villages from the Narmada River to north east Pakistan. The civilization’s time period was divided into three parts; the Early Harappan Phase from 3300-2700 BCE, the Mature Harappan Phase from 2700-1900 BCE, and the Late Harappan Phase from 1900-1300 BCE (Ibid). This civilization was one of the “Ancient East”, the other two being Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. During this time period, Egyptians had started building pyramids around the start of the Mature Harappan Phase and the ancient Sumerians had become more civilized around 3000 BCE (Khan academy, Indus River Valley Civilizations).
They also worshiped the dragon and their ancestors. They believed the dragon was an all powerful god that looked out for humans. They also worshiped their ancestors, believing that they lived in the heavens after they died and took interest in their grandson or granddaughters lives. The peoples of the Indus River Valley Civilization had many gods and goddesses, just like the other civilizations. The ancient river valley civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, and the Indus River differed greatly in food.
Thousands of years ago, the Indus valley was created and prospered. The geography of the Indus River Valley Civilization affects their success because of the rivers, the boundaries, and the resources the land offered. The geography of the river valley was affected by the rivers- the Indus river, and the Ganges River. These rivers can provide transportation methods, so the civilization can use the rivers as a faster way to transport different materials for later use. This allowed planned building.
Each of these civilizations utilized their geography and its advantages, but also eventually fell victim to its disadvantages. The Indus Valley had many geographical features that were both beneficial and problematic, and these affected the way that the society was shaped. Two main geographical features were the Ganges and Indus River. These rivers made soil fertile, which allowed for agriculture. Crops like fruits, vegetable, cotton, wheat, and rice were able to be grown and harvested.
The imperial British thought that their influence on Indian society was furthering the evolution of the people. The growing authority of British was slowly rotating India into an oversea empire and some of the practices were having shocking effects on the welfare of millions of Indians. Since there were no recognized guidelines for working conditions, pay or work time, many Indians worked many hours in harsh situations with little or no food. This flashed one of the largest famines in world history. Even though the Indians shaped plenty of food to support their country, it was all sitting
Harappan civilization was unable to su rvive natural catastrophe and 9 nomadic invasions, and it vanished from history. Un til the mid-19th century, it was forgotten or “lost”, even by the people who lived i n the vicinity of its sand-covered ruins. Between about 1500 and 1000 B.C., as the cities of the Indus region crumbled into ruins, one archaeological – historical theory ascribes that Aryan invaders from central Asia moved into the fertile Indus plains an d pushed into the Ganges River Valleys to the east. It took these warlike people m any centuries to build a civilization that rivalled that of the Harappans. This Invasion theory by the Aryans, strengthened by the British Empire especially after 1857, has si nce been argued against from noted Indians like Dayananda Saraswati, Aurobindo and Amb edkar and Western scholars like Edmund Leach, Michel Danino and others.
In Egypt only the wealthy people and the Pharaohs got pyramids. In Mesopotamia the main thing people did was farm. They were the first people to use the irrigation system. That is why in Mesopotamia they had a surplus of crops. In Egypt they did a lot of mining.
And when religion is not implemented and practiced, any civilization will expire. INDIAN CIVILIZATION This civilization existed between the years 2500-1800 BC. After this period the Indus civilization had collapsed. It is associated with the coming of the Aryans who brought a new level to the culture and society of the Indus Valley. This level is known as the Vedic era, and it was the beginning of the religious life of the community because at that time Hindu religion was born.
Paleo-Indians also learned to trade ideas and goods with different groups that they encountered when they navigated to the quarries. The Paleo-Indians traded to help themselves and others live a better life, and not for profit and benefits. Archaic peoples, the new term for Native Americans living in the new environments, lived with more supplies of food. There was more food in the environment which helped the Archaic peoples live in a small area. The small area consisted of a large population because the food was found easily.
2600 BCE - 1815 CE The Indus River Civilization was the first well planned and organized cities. They were also the first civilization known to have plumbing. Also there cities had geometrical shapes and were very well planned out. Ancient China consisted of many different dynasties and beliefs. The Zhou dynasty was one of the first dynasties to emerge in Ancient China.