Jazz music has its roots in Black slave culture and arts. The white culture of the time saw these influences as “savage” and deteriorating to their music. Some saw the role of jazz as a platform for a change. Jazz was a way to bring together the different cultures. During the 1920s and 1930s jazz began to be popular and interesting among young people, black and whites.
Harlem became the center of a “spiritual coming of age” in which Locke’s “New Negro” transformed “social disillusionment to race pride.” Many people would come to Harlem to hear the jazz music being played by musicians such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington. Writers and black scholars such as Langston Hughes and Zora Neal Hurston gained popularity in Harlem also. The Harlem Renaissance brought together many people of many colors and beliefs to appreciate the talent and culture of African
** • Jazz music was part of the popular minstrel shows and vaudeville shows, both of which introduced the music to wider audiences. • Scott Joplin bought jazz into homes all over the country, and the Ragtime craze was on. It really caught on in New Orleans allowing Jazz to flourish due to its less rigid social backgrounds. New Orleans became the first true jazz centre. • This encouraged the popularity and growth of jazz music.
New Orleans can be described as the most multicultural and musical city in America. In New Orleans, nothing seemed to be able to stop the music from flourishing, not legalizing prostitution nor prohibition. The multi-ethnic population had an energetic/lively attitude that accompanied the music produced in the city. In New Orleans music was omnipresent; there were always bands traveling around the city performing in concerts, clubs, parties, dances and even funerals. Bands in New Orleans were not strictly black, but a number of races.
Some times called hot jazz, it’s roots can be traced to New Orleans and consisted of a horn playing a melody and a higher and lower horn playing around that melody. It became very popular in the early 1900’s and the rhythm was supplied by bass and drums. By the 1930’s young black musicians wanted to develop their own styles and many studied the teachings of
The Harlem Renaissance took place in the 1920s , the African-Americans developed a new culture and they could freely express themselves / ideas . Before this , they experienced the Jim Crow laws from the south . The African-Americans escaped it by moving to harlem . The Harlem Renaissance helped the Africans shine with their culture and arts . The whites came to harlem to enjoy the blacks music and shows .
Jazz came from New Orleans where Africans, French, Caribbean, and English were known to communicate with each other. Many musicians like Louie Armstrong and Duke Ellington were strongly influenced by ragtime, marches, and the blues. Louie Armstrong’s’ West Side Blues is an example where you could see hints of a march and blues even though it is considered a Jazz hit.
And was based in Harlem, New York. African American artists used this time to escape southern democratic oppression, while black leadership was forming and shaped into an ideology of Alain Locke. He was a prominent philosopher that influenced Black people during the Harlem Renaissance. The most significant African Americans that I believe stood out during the Harlem Renaissance are Duke Ellington, Alain Locke, and Jesse Owens. Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington was most famous for his musical contribution to the Harlem Renaissance.
In essence, ,,the 6 Gallery readings reveal how Beat and associated artists and audiences also tapped into this residual, insubordinate, and positive sense of jazz and expressed it through their art and lives.” (Whaley, 2004, p. 27) ,,The reading of Howl amplified vibrations sounding back to the jazz of renaissance Harlem, an era in which blues and jazz poets found themselves when much of the high culture’s generation.” (Whaley, 2004, p. 24) Besides the jazz and bebop music, the generation of “crazy, no-good kids” (Russel, 2002, p. 16), appeared to be influenced in style and fashion as well. The style was noticed as riotous hipsterism or the anti-patriotist zoot suits. According to Kerouac, who sympathized with the hipsters, the Beat generation
The Harlem Renaissance was of the embracing of literary, musical, theatrical, and visual arts it was set apart for whites. Many of Hughes writings were derived from the African American culture and the struggles of their society. The infusion of jazz into his writings created a positive stain in the community. One of Hughes biggest writings was of “The Weary Blue,” which was one of the original Jazz infused poetry. Many of Hughs writings envolved societal culture issues.