Artist such as Duke Ellington, Langston Hughes, Claude McKay, Bessie Smith, amongst others, were beginning to express attitudes of hope, freedom and solidarity. Although it was primarily an artistic movement, it was also a political social movement. Despite the challenges of race and class, the Harlem Renaissance represented a new social interaction between Blacks and Whites. As a result of the big migration, the image of African Americans changed from rural country bumpkins to one of urban sophistication. African Americans began to generate a sense of pride within themselves, and a discovery of their own identity.
The Harlem Renaissance, or the New Negro Movement as it was known at the time, was an intellectual, artistic, and social outpouring that celebrated black culture with themes of what it meant to be black in America. This movement lasted from the 1920s through the 1930s and included artists and intellectuals such as Langston Hughes, W.E.B. DuBois, and Duke Ellington. The Harlem Renaissance went beyond art, literature, and music, there were also political, social, and economic aspects as African-Americans questioned how the United States viewed them and how they viewed themselves. The New Negro and the rise of Harlem came about at a time when African-Americans began to urbanize and form a unique urban culture. These African-Americans defined themselves on their own terms, were proud to be both of African descent and American citizens, and were not afraid to push back against racism.
This event is considered to be the largest shift in African American culture that occurred during the 20th century as African Americans from across the country began to discover themselves and personally define what it meant to be “black”. This time period also marked the beginning of a shift in white recognition and acceptance of African American culture as whites across the country joined their black counterparts in enjoying jazz music and black literature. However, such a change didn’t mean that racism and racial prejudice were erased entirely. Such problems remained prevalent throughout the Harlem Renaissance, though their effects were limited by the sheer size and power of such a movement. Such a movement changed the lives of African Americans throughout the country as their culture was, for the first time, taken seriously by the general population.
Extended Essay: The Harlem Renaissance Question: What contribution did the Harlem Renaissance have in shaping the voice of African-Americans in New York City during the 1920’s? Introduction:
Craftsmen, for example, Jacob Lawrence, Romare Bearden, and Faith Ringgold portrayed the thirties and the area of Harlem as a subject. The social and imaginative atmosphere of the Harlem Renaissance likewise made ready for later improvements, for example,
African Americans lived in a world of racial injustices and cultural restrictions until the Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance was a time where there is an African American literary and art movement in the uptown Manhattan neighborhood. It is the turning point in African American culture, as well as their place in America. The African Americans were starting to become equal in American society. While the Renaissance built on earlier traditions of African American culture, it was greatly affected by the trends of the Europeans and white Americans.
The Harlem Renaissance occurred between the very end of World War I and right in the middle of the depression. Many African-Americans migrated from the South all the way to the North in order to seek
Hughes cast off the influences of white poets and and used blues and jazz to write his poems. Claude Mckay urged African Americans to stand up for their rights in his work. Jean Toomer wrote plays,short stories, and poems to capture the spirit of his times. Zora Neale Hurston was noticed quickly with her moving novel, “THEIR EYES WERE WATCHING GOD”.
During the Harlem Renaissance many blacks were harmed due the the explicit evidence. This let whites to realize that they were harming blacks which led to social change. “Go Harlem” by Chick Webb was an upbeat rhythm that helped other African Americans relate to the society. Webb talked about, “Up and down the avenue, You see faces old and new, With a smile that, welcomes you, 'Cause it's holiday in Harlem” (Webb). The tone of his words are positive and jovial.
The Harlem Renaissance was a phase of a larger New Negro Movement that had arisen in the early 20th century and in some ways ushered in the civil rights movement of the late 1940s and the early 1950s. The social foundations of this movement included the Great Migration of the African Americans, from rural to urban spaces, and the dramatically advancement of literacy. The creation of national organizations dedicated to helping African American civil rights, and “uplifting” the race by developing race pride. The Renaissance was a literary, artistic, and meaningful movement that sparked a new black cultural identity that lasted until the 1920s to the mid 1930s.
At an earlier age, we were taught that the Great Depression was an effect of the stock market crash in 1929. Since then we have learned that the stock market crash was one of many causes of the Great Depression. When the stock market crashed, it scared everyone into a panic. The stock prices decreased which caused people and businesses to lose their money. Seeing how the economy was so shaky, people began to lose confidence.
When the market actually crashed, millions of shares became worthless and investments were lost. Within a week from “Black Tuesday” the market lost $30 billion leaving millions of people
I learned that the Harlem Renaissance was one of the biggest out burst of many different art and culture. The reason that African Americans moved was because to find better paying jobs, because in the south wages were very compact. New York was also filled with black people after WWI. Harlem produced a richness like none before. Many events happened.
Lexxie Williams HUM2020- Monday The Harlem Renaissance: Art, Music, Literature influence in the 20th Century The Harlem Renaissance was an influential and pivotal period in African American history in the 20th Century. The Harlem Renaissance opened the doors to new and greater opportunities for African Americans.
The Harlem Renaissance was a beneficial time in history for African Americans. Bringing blacks together in a new movement that had not been present in America yet. This was a movement in which blacks emphasized themselves by taking on their racial identity. It was a time period in which the black community helped each other to be able to express themselves as who they truly are, creating a true African American visual creativity, in this example it is that of poetry. This time period in history inspired many writers such as these two that will be touched upon in this paper, which are Claude McKay and Langston Hughes.