The Jim Crow laws enforced racial segregation where ninety percent of black Americans lived. This gave black people hope for a new better life in the Northern states where those laws weren’t enforced. This renaissance was a cultural party that helped expose black writers, musicians, poets, artists, etc. This changed the culture forever and the talent started to spillover within the black community. Art was pushed to its limits and was a form of a statement and representation.
Many blacks were punished for their freedom of speech, and actions. During the Harlem Renaissance many blacks were harmed due the the explicit evidence. This let whites to realize that they were harming blacks which led to social change. “Go Harlem” by Chick Webb was an upbeat rhythm that helped other African Americans relate to the society. Webb talked about, “Up and down the avenue, You see faces old and new, With a smile that, welcomes you, 'Cause it's holiday in Harlem” (Webb).
The Harlem Renaissance, or the New Negro Movement as it was known at the time, was an intellectual, artistic, and social outpouring that celebrated black culture with themes of what it meant to be black in America. This movement lasted from the 1920s through the 1930s and included artists and intellectuals such as Langston Hughes, W.E.B. DuBois, and Duke Ellington. The Harlem Renaissance went beyond art, literature, and music, there were also political, social, and economic aspects as African-Americans questioned how the United States viewed them and how they viewed themselves. The New Negro and the rise of Harlem came about at a time when African-Americans began to urbanize and form a unique urban culture.
But not just women had a struggle economically, even men did too. The painting called I am not a Man I am a Brother, emphasizes a forlorn mood of leaving the people who have been struggling in the slave industry and flee to the north are forsaking the other slaves that they were with. Presently, art does make themes and deeper meanings into a visual and solid form of art but music portrays a feeling that is not generated by the other types of art and can change the mood and reflect the mood of a
Though the Reconstruction era offered many positive changes, I do think that it had its share of both success and failure. The Reconstruction era ended separation between the North and the South, as previously, the South had wanted to be separate from the North. The economy in the South became devastated because there were less people to work on plantations. A large racist group, which was very popular back then known as the KKK became more involved in the South, being fueled with hatred towards blacks and whites who supported civil
Following the evolution of blues, jazz and rock ‘n’ roll, came the introduction to many more genres established by African Americans, such as, Hip hop, R&B and Rap. Today, the musical genres created and influenced by African Americans are top sellers in the country, though jazz isn't as popular today it will remain a big part of American culture and history. ("20th Century Music," n.d.). The unfortunate circumstances of the slave trade introduced America to unique sounds, rhythms and song structures of African tradition and influenced the creation of blues, jazz and many more musical genres. Although racism deemed the early development of African American music “immoral”, the lively and diverse music thrived and spread American culture around the world.
Additionally, the Great Migration made a better life possible for African Americans. During and after WWI, African Americans moved north to evade the rampant racism and discrimination in the south and to seize opportunities for jobs and new land (Document G). White Americans, their oppressors, began to see African Americans as humans because of their supposedly new culture and aspirations. While they weren’t viewed as equal, it was still a start. As expected, when juxtaposing the racial climate of the 1920s and 1998, there is a great disparity.
Different from other authors of the Harlem Renaissance, Hughes refused to make his writing overly complicated. Hughes used dialect of African Americans and themes that they related to. Many people at the time dislike Hughes writing style because he wrote about African Americans in an non-glamourous way. He wrote about their hardship and suffering as well as their successes. However, this embarrassed African Americans because they knew the possibility of white people reading it and they disliked the idea of white people knowing their weaknesses.
1965, a year which started the most substantial cultural movement in United States history: The Civil Rights Movement. This movement served as a catalyst for equality between White and African Americans. After years of suppression, African Americans took a stand against white suppression, fighting for equality to be placed on the same plane of the social hierarchy. At the time, African Americans lived as socially lower beings in comparison to white people based solely on the lack of sameness. Of course, this lack of sameness is not something they could change.
The The Harlem Renaissance started the The Great Migration. The Great Migration began because of a "push" and a "pull." The push and the pull may have led many African Americans having hope for a new and better life up north. To have a better life for them and their families. Hate groups
Often times, the individuals who would be helping the slaves would often hear about the horrors of slavery, but they could not feel or visualize the suffering of slaves. The Underground Railroad was that tool that spread a change of perceptions because even the most stubborn of individuals, when they witnessed the conditions of the slaves, and they heard the stories the slaves told when slaves became free, that challenged the dominant ideologies of slavery being good. When thousands of slaves permeated the borders of the northern states, naturally even those who wanted to reject African Americans had to confront and live with the fact that African Americans are not slaves. This generated support for abolition because African Americans were quite competent when they did not have to the basic servile duties for their slave masters. Talented black men like Benjamin Banneker and Phillis Wheatley, a mathematician and a famous poet, proved that free black men could contribute to society (Divine et al 138).
W.E.B Du Bois was man of accomplishments. He was a very important African American leader in the United States during the late nineteenth centuries. He felt strongly that his fellow members should not be treated unequally in terms of education and civil rights. For many young African Americans in the period from 1910 through the 1930s, Du Bois was the voice of the black community. Born black, Du Bois was the true leader of bringing equality to his fellow African Americans.
He worked to help other African American artists find employment, as it was difficult to do so considering that “with this rebirth of traditional African culture, the number of African American artists rapidly increased” (1). This source will be extremely critical throughout the development of my thesis as it entails the story of Aaron Douglas, the artist of Aspects of Negro Life, and also a description of what the Harlem Renaissance is. This source is reliable as it is published through e-Vision at James Madison