White European musicians, black musicians, bordellos, very few rules, and a need for expression: it was a gumbo that helped shape New Orleans music and the careers of some of the best musicians in the country, such as “King” Oliver, Buddy Bolden, and Louis Armstrong. A wonderfully rich fictional account of life and music in Storyville to check out is Louis Maistros’ novel, The Sound of Building Coffins. Jazz caught and spread rapidly up the Mississippi River to Memphis, St. Louis, and ultimately, Chicago. Ships and trains carried musicians all the way up the east coast to New York, as well. New Orleans musicians left Dixie behind them, but took their Dixieland Jazz along on the adventure.
The New Negro and the rise of Harlem came about at a time when African-Americans began to urbanize and form a unique urban culture. These African-Americans defined themselves on their own terms, were proud to be both of African descent and American citizens, and were not afraid to push back against racism. After WWI more than one million African-Americans moved from the South to Northern cities beginning in 1915 in what became known as the Great Migration. There were several push and pull factors that contributed to the Great Migration. Blacks sought to escape poverty, Jim Crow, and racism as a new KKK formed.
Jazz and modern dance are two different genres of dance. Jazz dance started in the early 1700’s in Africa and was brought to America through the slave trade. Two pioneers that influenced jazz dance were Jack Cole and Katherine Dunham. Jack Cole was called “the Father of theatrical jazz dance” and is remembered as the prime creator of the jazz heritage. Katherine Dunham was known for her leadership of African American jazz dance and started her own dance company.
Miles Davis and Louis Amstrong were very influential jazz musicians. SOUL was created in the United States of America between late 1950s and early 1960s. It is a combination of elements from R&B, gospel music and jazz. There is is a special emphasis on the vocal piece. The first soul songs were created when gospel songs lyrics was rewritten.
Marcus Garvey wanted to develop both the United States and Africa in this regard of black nationalism. Along with the ideas developed from the Harlem Renaissance and the First Great Migration, the Jazz Age also represented social change for African Americans with the explosion of a new musical and cultural phenomenon. The Jazz music was often associated with other new ideas that came to light within the 1920s such as illegal bars or speakeasies, flappers and the more open and liberal culture of urban
Before this epoch, the indigenous people and the slaves brought to the Americas in the 17th century, danced to their own music, but very little is known about it. After the American Civil War people from the Caribbean and the south of the United States began to move to the big cities in the North. In New York many settled in the Harlem District. They brought with them their own music and cultural traditions. Dances as Charleston and Lindyhop became very popular among blacks as well as whites and the influence of what is called this ‘Harlem Renaissance’ spread even into Europe.
Kömives Dániel Can we consider Hip Hop as the new Civil Rights Movement? Chapter 1: What does the Civil Rights Movement gave to the African-Americans compared to Hip Hop as a subculture/movement. African-Americans through their history faced the toughest ways of oppression, racial segregation, racism and slavery. Their affliction led to the emergence of the Civil Rights Movement which was one of the biggest social movements in the history of mankind. The legacy of this movement had a powerful impact on the formation of Hip Hop as a subculture, community and subsequently one of the biggest music industry.
This uniquely South African music genre emerged in the early nineties with the advent of democracy. It has its origins in South African townships and dance halls where new found political and social freedoms gave South African musicians better access to the international music scene. This translated into greater freedom of expression in South Africa, with kwaito music emerging as the vehicle to express the realities and aspirations of the young black South Africans that formed part of the country's first post-apartheid generation. Kwaito music is a richly textured and expressive urban sound that is uniquely South African. Its pulsing dance beat, which emerged in the 1990s, exhibited a mix of rhythms including the marabi sound of the 1920s, kwela from the 1950s, mbaqanga and maskhandi from the hostels, the bubblegum music of the eighties, and Imibongo (African praise poetry).
Abstract In the 2000s, hip-hop has become not only a music genre, but also a subculture movement in the U.S society. However, hip-hop is just a “tip of the iceberg” which is called Afro-American or African-American music culture. Since the 17th Century, when the first group of African slaves arrived to the America, a new form of culture has been developed, although there were several prohibitions and non-acceptances from the white American. Since then, new genres of music originated from the African-American society have occurred, grown and become well-known, such as, blues, jazz, soul, rock-and-roll, rap, R&B... There were also a number of researches conducted to figure out whether the American culture and society affect or are affected by
During the Roaring ‘20s, new ideas, thoughts and dreams started to sprout. Music started to evolve and literature captured the changes in society. This change in literature is known as the Harlem Renaissance. African Americans started what was called The Great Migration, and moved from the South to the