Psychoanalysis of the Wizard of Oz Of the many literary theories that have come about over the years, one of the most interesting is the idea of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis was first introduced in the 1880s by Sigmund Freud, he claimed that unconscious desires were the reasoning behind most behavioral problems. Furthermore, Freud speculated that one’s subconscious desires were influenced by what happened in one’s childhood ("Purdue OWL: Literary Theory and Schools of Criticism", 2018). Freud also said that children go through various stages of development where they focus on one body part or another, such as the oral or anal stage, and that children may fixate on their parent of the opposite sex, known as the Oedipus Complex ("Purdue OWL: Literary Theory and Schools of Criticism", 2018). After reading about psychoanalysis it is easy to apply the theory to one of the most beloved movies of all time, The Wizard of Oz.
Physical Development Watson (2012) defines physical development as the process that starts in human infancy and continues into late adolescent concentrating on fine and gross motor development. Fine motor development involves more finely tuned movements such as grasping, building bricks and gross motor development involves larger movements such as walking, climbing, climbing stairs and riding bicycles. In the movie “Yours, Mine and Ours”, when analysing Ethan Beardsley who is four years old, the youngest child of Frank Beardsley; a single father of eight children, Ethan’s fine motor development such as when he was using a chalk when he and Helen North’s youngest were scribbling on Frank’s “Operation Light House” board, he grasped the chalk with ease as the chalk was big. This proves he has acquired the fine motor skill of grasping.
It was at this point Rogers was influenced by the work of Otto Rank and one of his students Jessie Taft who worked within relationship therapy and focused on the patients self-insight and self-acceptance instead of concentrating on the past. In 1940 Rogers was the professor of psychology at the University of Ohio and his students encouraged him to share his own views on counselling. Rogers did this in his 1942 book Counselling and Psychotherapy, and in this book Rogers popularised the term client for the person receiving counselling.
Sigmund Freud is Psychology’s most famous psychoanalysis. His work and theories have helped shape our views of personality, levels of consciousness and unconsciousness mind, the structure of personality and the development of personality. There are three aspects to Freud’s theory of personality structure and fives stages through the psychosexual development. The psyche
The second stage of psychodrama therapy is the enactment stage. Firstly, the protagonist and the director discuss and select the issue to be dramatized, establish the first scene – the present scene, and determine the starting point of at least three following scenes, such as the past scene and the scenes in surplus reality (Wilkins, 1999; Yehoshua & Chung, 2013). Secondly, the director reiterates the aroused issue to remind the protagonist and other group members in the first few minutes of the psychodrama therapy (Wilkins, 1999). Thirdly, the director requests the protagonist to form a mental picture of the stage by recalling the picture of the scene, which comprises the sights, sounds and scents (Wilkins, 1999). Then, the director aids the protagonist to set up the physical elements or stage in the scene by using the objects that can be found in the setting (e.g., furniture) (Wilkins, 1999;
Freud explains the correlation between his picture of religion and his picture of the individual psycho-sexual development by drawing lines between father-son relationships and the looming figure of protection the individual finds necessary. In the mindset of a child, the mother who feeds the child becomes its first protector in a world of undefined dangers it has yet to
CHAPTER 2 THEORETIKAL FRAMEWORK REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Sigmund Frued and his followers claimed that gender identity and the adoption of sex typed behaviors are the result of an Oedipal Conflict that emerges between the ages of three and six of a child. The children discover the genital differences between the sexes. Unlike Frued and his followers based on the Cultural Transmission Theory, the gender identities and behaviors is not the product of Oedipal Conflict but a gradual process of learning that begins infancy. Bandura et al (1973) suggested that adults like parents should shape a child behavior by supporting and encouraging responses that their children should think in particular and appropriate ones (Hughes and Kroehler, 2009).
After a thorough developmental history and evaluation, the psychologist agreed that John had a diagnosis of Separation Anxiety Disorder. The psychologist worked with John and his parents. John learned how to cope with anxiety and his parents learned how to coach him through anxiety provoking situations. They were taught diaphragmatic breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, how to identify automatic thoughts, how to change negative thoughts into coping statements, and how to slowly and systematically face feared situations. Soon John was back to his old self, enjoying his life, playing soccer, sleeping over his cousin 's house, and going to
Abstract The relationship between parents and their children is somewhat hard to investigate. This paper will shed light on how certain personality traits held by parents can affect their children positively or negatively. Mainly, it will discuss the Authoritarian and the Eysenck Personalities and how parents who possess these types of personality can affect their children latently. The method used will be qualitative research.
Bandura (1977) believed that humans actively process information and relate to the relationship of their behaviours and its consequences (McLeod, 2011). In this case, siblings and I were actively processing information through the television shows that we saw. In the Bandura’s (1961) Bobo Doll Experiment shows a study of social behaviours through imitation and observation (Mcleod, 2011). Bandura, Ross and Ross (1961) tested 36 boys and 36 girls.
The original Doll Study, conducted in the 1940s provided the data that 63% of children preferred to play with the white doll and 44% said that the white doll looked like them. This initial study displays how almost half the African-American children viewed themselves as white, supporting the concept of double consciousness. When the study was revisited by Good Morning America in the 2000s, 88% of the African-American children
In her 1970 's research, psychologist Mary Ainsworth expanded greatly upon Bowlby 's original work. Her groundbreaking "Strange Situation" study revealed the profound effects of attachment on behavior. In the study, researchers observed children between the ages of 12 and 18 months as they responded to a situation in which they were briefly left alone and then reunited with their mothers. Based upon the responses the researchers observed, Ainsworth described three major styles of attachment: secure attachment, ambivalent-insecure attachment, and avoidant-insecure attachment. Later, researchers Main and Solomon (1986) added a fourth attachment style called disorganized-insecure attachment based upon their own research.