Van Dijk (1993b) affirms that Critical-Political Discourse Analysis clarifies “the reproduction of political power, power abuse or domination through political discourse, including the various forms of resistance or counter-power against such forms of discursive dominance (p.11). Consequently, social and political bias results from this domination. Van Dijk (1997) points out that political discourse is the discourse of politicians and it is about such politics. He also outlines his definition of political discourse and its many sub-genres as follows: 1) It is a class of genres defined by a social domain, namely politics. He delimits the political properties that differentiate political discourse from other forms of discourse, such as political field, political system, political ideologies, political institutions, political organizations, political groups, political actors, and political process.
Political Science escalates the political awareness of an individual and makes him politically aware of his duties, rights and freedom. For the part of the government it reminds the government of its duty and responsibility towards its constituents. Political and socially aware citizens can make the government accountable and can significantly contribute towards the establishment equality and social justice. Political Science creates conducive condition for the success of democracy by laying emphasis on economic and social democracy. The two main pillars of democracy are conscious citizens and a responsible government.
What caused the progression of political philosophy are the different events and experiences which shaped the kind of political discipline we have now, but still traces its roots to political philosophy. The study of politics has evolved because of different events adding to the development of the discipline. The methods and approaches used by political philosophers reflect the general philosophical tendencies of their period in history. In the beginning, political philosophy was the sole basis of the study of politics because it provides wisdom. As knowledge advanced and different events occurred, political philosophy and political science diverged further and further from each other, bringing us to the situation today.
Realism has much to say on the concept of power in international relations. Traditionally, realists have seen military capability as the essence of power, for fairly obvious reasons. The capacity to act military gives states the ability to repel attacks against themselves, and therefore to ensure their security. Or it enables them to launch attacks against others for specific ends. From this that the potential for military capability, and hence power was depends on a number of factors such as size of population, abundance of natural resources, as well as geographical factors and the type of government of a given
Political Philosophy is a wide branch of philosophy that focuses statements and arguments involving political opinion. It is all about state, politics itself, liberty, justice and the idea of authority. It tackles the meaning of government itself, why it is needed, what makes a government legitimate, the freedom of its underman, duties of both government and citizens and other political stuff. This type of philosophy is being practiced since it was discovered and has two reasons. First is the method and approach the philosopher and second is the philosopher's agenda that made him came up with the methods he used.
In turn, some renowned scholars such as David Reynolds traced back diplomacy to the Bronze Age. From the many theories available, some emerge nonetheless, and prove, if not consensual altogether, at least the basis of reflection for any serious study. Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s theory of politics is of this kind. He certainly
The development of thought led to the condition of the political science being a multidiscipline rooted in philosophy and theory. Despite the fact that conflicts arise, political philosophy with its revival continuously characterize an aspect of political science being value-laden. Political philosophy might have been disregarded for its conception of reflection as well as the values and even questioned for its relevance in the field. However, it is for a fact that in order for a discipline to grow, it must look back to its origin in order to find its identity and true essence. The study of politics characterized by changing theories and methods as well as the existence of political philosophy as its bedrock serves as a reminder that political science is a field not limited to the ideal conception rather, the field seeks to tackle the ideal and provide practical methods and knowledge to obtain the definition of the
The Westminster political system in essence is a system of rules and procedures that dictate the way through which legislatures grant the executive branch its legitimacy. This political system have been subsequently exported from the UK to multiple Commonwealth countries, In which its primary advantage lies in the system’s ability to integrate effective governance with accountability. One important aspect of the parliamentary political system is the separation between the head of the government and the head of the state, in which in the UK the monarch has only ceremonial powers, while the formal head of the government serves as a member of legislature. parliamentarianism is favored by both politicians and academics. This is due to the
Hence, the leader holds a huge responsibility and play the major role as they had been elected during the elections to represent their nation. In this system, it is clear that the citizens have second hand control of the government, which is ideal for most countries. However, people should be aware that representative democracy have the advantage and disadvantage in the system.
Introduction Nowadays, Mass media has stand an important role in political in our society. In order to stay closer to society, media is one of common and universal topics to discuss in this society (Teresa and Brea 2009). The accountability and openness are impossible in contemporary democracies without mass media. According to Balkin (1998) mass media helps the public to understand the operations of government, participate in political decisions, and hold government officials accountable. He also said that the democratic of politicians and governments may find that is useful to simulate the political virtues of transparency through rhetorical and media manipulation in the age of mass media.