Ecocriticism is the study of representations of nature in literary works and of the relationship between literature and the environment. There is a close relation between Ecocriticism and Literature. This paper discusses the term Ecocriticism and the role of Ecocriticism in literature. This paper discusses the term Ecocriticism and the role of Ecocriticism in literature. It cites examples of how the theme of Ecocriticism can be interpreted through the reading of two Indian English novels, namely- Nectar in a Sieve by Kamala Markandaya and The Hungry Tide by Amitav Ghosh.
Thus the ecological criticism deconstructs the relationship between nature, culture and literature. The term ‘literary ecology’ was first introduced by J.William Meeker, which refers to “the study of biological themes and relationships which appear in literary works. It is simultaneously an attempt to discover what roles have been played by literature in the ecology of human species”. He further says that ecology is an ancient theme in art and literature. He says that the physical world can be divided into two
The theory analyses literary works from environmental perspective. It focuses on the things that have been at the margin and has been neglected by the social theorists. It includes nature in general such as flora, fauna, landscape, etc. The Historical roots of the theory can be grounded in the first essay by William Rueckert where he tries to draw attentions toward environment and literature relationship. William Rueckert in his essay “Literature and Ecology: An Experiment in Ecocriticism” forges a link between biology and literary activities.
The time has come for a reaffirmation of age-old concepts like pastoralism, romanticism, transcendentalism and naturalism, which define and explore man’s relation to nature. In the light of the present environmental awareness, redirecting human consciousness to a full consideration of its proper place in a threatened natural world can be the most important function of literature today (Love
It aligns itself with the ecological activism and social theory with the assumption that the rhetoric of cultural texts reflects and informs material practices towards the environment, while seeking to increase awareness about it and linking itself (and literary texts) with other ecological sciences and approaches.” (241) Ecocriticism designates the critical writings which explore the relations between literature and the biological and physical environment, conducted with an acute awareness of the devastation being brought on that environment by human activities. Ecocriticism seeks to explore whether in a cultural text, environment is treated with debilitating attitude or it has been glorified. Indian writing in English is an area on which ecocriticism has been applied only sporadically. Ecocriticism has emerged as a profound literary theory emphasizing particularly on ecology and literature connection. Currently ecocriticism is in full swing and reading literature in context to ecology, renders an ecological bend of mind in students of literature thus inculcating a sense of environmental concern and also shapes their outlook towards their surrounding physical
This article analyzes the ecocritical insights in Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Cake (2003). The main analysis will mainly concentrate on the appropriation of natural elements in the novel. This appropriation includes the anthropomorphic qualities inserted into the novel’s textual fabric. The anthropomorphic features are the human qualities or characteristics given to animals and inanimate things. I will focus on how the anthropomorphic features help us to understand the function of nature in ecocritical contexts.
In works by writers from Crèvecoeur to Wendell Berry, John Muir to Aldo Leopold, Rachel Carson to Leslie Silko, Mary Austin to Edward Abbey, he examines enduring environmental themes such as the dream of relinquishment, the personification of the nonhuman, attentiveness to environmental cycles, a devotion to place, and a prophetic awareness of possible ecocatastrophe. At the center of this study we find an image of Walden as a quest for greater environmental awareness, an impetus and guide for Buell as he develops a new vision of environmental writing and seeks a new way of conceiving the relation between human imagination and environmental actuality in the age of industrialization” (The Environmental Imagination — Lawrence Buell | Harvard
These sources will focus most directly on the genesis, development, and transmission of the Green New Deal concept. They will lay the groundwork for a series of comparisons by highlighting the origins, influences, and evolution of many ideas contained in the Green New Deal documents, as well as illustrating the complex dialogue concerning the transition to more sustainable economies and the failure of the different Green New Deal initiatives to be substantially integrated into government economic and environmental policy in Great Britain, Ireland, and Northern
Ecocriticism is an emerging area of concern.It engages into a study of literature and environment.Literature has been significant in addressing social, political, economic concerns.The growing environmental concerns are gradually receiving treatment in all disciplines. Literary studies have embraced environmental issues. The need for attending to issues has led to blurring of boundaries and hence move towards interdisciplinary studies has become prominent. This research intends to study the relationship between literature and environment.It focuses on how literature has been pivotal in addressing environmental concerns through fiction, drama, poetry. For my study, I have selected works from Native America Literature.
This conceptual review aims to highlight the concept of the variables and terms used in this study as being discussed in the previous literatures. The review will be able to provide insight and explanation on the related concept used and promote the understanding on the study. 2.1.1 Environmental knowledge The attention towards environmental knowledge is developing consistently with the growing of sustainability awareness. Environmental knowledge is basically the understanding regarding environmental problems and issues as well as possible ways and responsible steps to solve the problems (Kaufmann, Panni, & Orphanidou, 2012; Zsóka, Szerényi, Széchy, & Kocsis, 2013). Environmental knowledge related to ones ability to identify or define environmental