Slaves did not know the paths to freedom and turned to the guidance of conductors to usher them into freedom. With the aid of heroic people like Harriet Tubman, Thomas Garrett, and Levi Coffin the Underground Railroad was able to have a high success rate in the freeing of enslaved African-Americans. To begin with, Harriet Tubman played a very large role in the Underground Railroad. Before Harriet’s time as a conductor, she was born a slave. Her birth
Important Leaders of the Underground Railroad Throughout history, racial inequity has been an issue. In the 19th century, the rights of African Americans were the most prominent racial debate. Many U.S. citizens who were against slavery made their opinion heard by working on the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad was not an actual railroad, it was a system of anti-slavery activists that helped slaves escape to freedom (Altman). The people who worked on the Underground Railroad, commonly known as conductors, “faced considerable danger, as "slave stealing" was a serious crime, punishable by fines, branding, and/or imprisonment” (Altman).
Throughout her life, Harriet Tubman was a slave, nurse, spy, and a crucial aspect of the Underground Railroad. Helping to get people out of slavery and into freedom, Tubman changed the lives of many people. Before her tragic death in March of 1913, Harriet spent her later years supporting the poor individuals who were once slaves. Her great actions as an individual and charismatic qualities are what separated her and made her stand out. The things we discovered and acknowledged about Harriet Tubman will forever live on.
The third difference between Tubman and her followers was she continued to rescue more slaves. An example of this is, "She mad two trips a year into slave territory," (Petry 4). This difference allowed Harriet to emerge as a leader because the slaves trusted her because she has a lot of experience and success to show
Known as the “Moses of her people,” this woman was mainly known for her assistance in leading hundreds of slaves on the Underground Railroad from Maryland to Pennsylvania. However, unlike the previous Abolitionist women mentioned above, Christianity, its beliefs, and spiritual practices were nonetheless vital resources upon which Tubman and her family drew for psychological revival. Harriet was disabled due to her head injury that happened in her teens when, her master threw an iron rod at her head. Later on, Tubman got married to her first husband Joseph Tubman but, remained childless. Later on in life, after many attempts to be free Tubman finally escaped in 1849.
The Civil War African American men and women roles in the civil war Name Affiliation Date Introduction In 1861, most African American men welcomed the beginning of the civil war when Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina after the inauguration of the U.S president Abraham Lincoln. Most of the African American men served as guards for railways and bridges, scouts and spies in addition to their participation in the war fighting troops (Smith, 2002). Because of the suffering at home, thousands of the enslaved African American women began the transition to freedom and began new lives regardless of the horrors of the civil war (Blanton and Wike, 2002). Most of the African American women also disguised themselves as men and
Harriet Tubman Essay Harriet Tubman was an extraordinary heroine from the south during the civil war time period. Harriet Tubman was born in Maryland; which, was a slave state. Harriet Tubman grew up to be a pilot and conductor in the Underground Railroad. Harriet Tubman preformed many heroic and selfless acts during her lifetime. Additionally, she showed immense courage and bravery from time and time again.
Slavery in America, particularly in the Southern region, was heavily depended upon due to the high demand for labor. Historically, slaves were primarily blacks but race did not become an issue until 1650, when Virginia and Maryland claimed that infidel (non Christian) slaves could be enslaved for life. Following this claim, non-whites became a target for slavery. In 1739, a group of rebellious slaves paraded towards Georgia and Florida, and killed several whites at Stono, South Carolina. After these white killings, slave codes were implemented to end rebellion and restrict mobility.
The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th-century enslaved people of African descent in the United States. It was in efforts to escape to the Free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists that showed sympathy towards them. The Underground Railroad was not “underground” and it wasn’t actually a “railroad.” The reason it was called “underground” was because of how secretive it had to be and it was called a “railroad” because it was an evolving form of transportation. The Underground Railroad had many conductors; which is an individual who escorted or guided freedom seekers between the stations or the safe houses. The most famous of them all was Harriet Tubman.
Uproar and protest bubbled over in the states after Scott’s failure to obtain his freedom. His case also fueled the North in their battle with the South, since the big topic of the century was “slavery”. They wanted justice for Dred Scott, to rightfully place his ownership in his own hands, to grant him the freedom to live however he pleased and to not have to walk in shackles. Any human should have that basic right, as it says in the constitution. This landmark of a case stood as a breaking point for social reform; motivation to stop the discrimination that ran throughout the country.
Douglass’s influence for the Underground Railroad also reflected in his book and newspaper. For example, he pointed out his position against the revealing of Underground Railroad clearly in his Narrative book, which published in 1845. He said, “ I, however, can see very little good resulting from such a course [revealing the secret of the Underground Railroad system], either to themselves or the slaves escaping; while, upon the other hand, I see and feel assured that those open declarations are a positive evil to the slaves remaining, who are seeking to escape”. (7, 87). Keeping the conductors in dark protected both the agents and the slaves, and Douglass was very serious about it.
Harriet Tubman, originally Araminta Harriet Ross was an African American woman born into slavery in 1820. Her early life was harsh and full of brutal and savage slave practices by her masters. Eventually in 1849 she had escaped slavery but left her family behind. Later on she came back for them after becoming a conductor for the underground railroad and led them to the North where they would be free. She led more slaves and was seen as a beacon of hope for their people, earning her the nickname of Moses.
She saved all those people and she is most likely the first person you think of when thinking of an abolitionist. Conclusion: Harriet Tubman died in 1913 because of pneumonia. Tubman got to see slavery abolished before she died. Her work is precious today because of how much courage and strength she had. She had a bad childhood and yet had the strength and courage to give her life to save people.
The purpose of the Underground Railroad was to free slaves from the ownership of slave owners, and did just that. Over 100,000 thousand slaves were freed from slave owners, and they managed to live their own lives. While slaves escaping did bring about anti-black sentiment from the Southern States most clearly seen in the Fugitive Slave Act, it brought support for abolition because white people could see that all the slaves were just as human as the rest of them. This may not have changed their beliefs of inferiority, but it did change their beliefs that African Americans deserved such cruel treatment. After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else.
The Underground Railroad was neither underground nor a railroad. It was just called the “Underground Railroad” because it was done in so much disguise and it was also done at night. Some people helped out the slaves during their journey to freedom by allowing them to hide and sleep in their safe houses. Harriet Tubman was a famous “conductor” on the Underground Railroad. She was an escaped slavery to become a leading abolitionist.