Jesha C. Lor Raney Civ II- Research Paper 4/22/16 Roles of African American Women during the Abolitionist Movement Many are well aware of the historical movement the, Abolitionist Movement but, are they aware of the women that were involved? When the abolitionist movement started, its goal was to immediately emancipate all slaves and the end racial discrimination and segregation in the north and south. However, they weren’t granted emancipation until the 1870s. During this movement there were many men activists involved as well as women activists. Women during this era, fought not only in the front line for rights, but also behind the scenes as they integrated their rights for freedom in their daily lives.
By doing so, this was the start of great adventures and acts of bravery brought forth by Harriet Tubman. There is a wide range of numbers for how many slaves Tubman had freed, but it's a substantial amount whichever way it is perceived. According to Michael Jay Nusbaum, "Mrs. Tubman had actually saved over 700 slaved in one single raid into Confederate territory" (1). However according to Gates, "Recent scholarships reveals that she directly rescued seventy to eighty slaves, some of whom were family members, and indirectly freed about fifty others through instructions she provided" (823). Two different statistics imply that whether she saved 70 or 700, Tubman made a great impact.
Frederick Douglass was one of the most important and famous African Americans in America. He had an great impact on society, politics, and the life of blacks. Frederick Douglass was a prominent abolitionist, writer, reformer and orator. He was born into slavery, but escaped and against great odds became the voice for many people. He was an advocate for human rights and the anti-slavery movement.
The speech was heard by millions and had a lasting impact on the future of equality in America. In King 's speech he talks about the past 100 years of the emancipation of slave. Even though African Americans were technically free, yet they are still discriminated and face social injustice. He uses a metaphor that
Until the 13th Amendment, African Americans were slaves and considered property. African Americans had to endure through much torment before they were able to be free of slavery. About a hundred years after the Civil War, Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent leader in the Civil Rights movement that was a continuation for African Americans’ fight towards equal rights. Martin Luther King used civil disobedience as a tactic to protest and gave speeches. Through resistance and protest Martin Luther King was able to make advancement in the Civil Rights
Often songs within the movement were subjects by events that occurred within that era such as, Aretha Franklin "Respect," Blue Mitchell "March on Selma" and Bob Marley "Redemption Song." The music draws direct inspiration from the movement whilst expressing the moral urgency of the struggle. Those songs unquestionably expressed the oppression African-Americans faced, through hope and belief that one day black people will overcome and have a bright future. This essay will discuss freedom songs, "We shall overcome" and "Alabama" also how freedom songs affected the civil rights movement. "We shall overcome" played a significant role in the civil rights movement.
Martin Luther King Jr was a revolutionary figure for his time. As leader of the Civil Rights Movement along with many others, he campaigned to bring about racial equality and desegregation in the deep-south of America. The history of the struggle for human rights dates back thousands of years, all for different reasons; whether it was for women’s rights, gay rights or Black rights. The most notable call for equality in the twentieth century was led by Martin Luther King Jr. and focused on civil rights for African Americans in the south. His role in achieving civil rights was greatly significant due to his technique of bringing people together and his signature non-violent protests.
Abraham Lincoln, Frederic Douglass, were one of the most appealing well-known speakers, people who did believe that slavery was morally wrong and devote their lives to fight for freedom. However, there are several differences between the view of the Constitution’s position differences between Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. Kansas-Nebraska Act indicated that the recognition of slavery should be determined by the decision of these residents (popular or squatter sovereignty). This act itself conflicted heavily with the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional, which was essentially seen as the admittance of slavery anywhere in the country. This act made a political issue of confrontation between North and South.
These slave codes placed harsh restrictions on slaves, depriving them of their rights and turning them into properties. However, slavery has been abolished in the United States of America thanks to many abolitionists. Many slaves are now free men and women. Nothing can be done to repair the wrongs of slavery, for it will always remain in the past. Now, Americans need to look to the future where slavery does not exist, where black and whites are found equal, and where racist is not a factor.
Uproar and protest bubbled over in the states after Scott’s failure to obtain his freedom. His case also fueled the North in their battle with the South, since the big topic of the century was “slavery”. They wanted justice for Dred Scott, to rightfully place his ownership in his own hands, to grant him the freedom to live however he pleased and to not have to walk in shackles. Any human should have that basic right, as it says in the constitution. This landmark of a case stood as a breaking point for social reform; motivation to stop the discrimination that ran throughout the country.
In this episode we learn about an African American hero named Robert Smalls. Smalls was a slave who acquired many skills as a slave and used it to his advantage. His will and persistence to one day be free is what gave him his courage. Robert Smalls acquired many trades but the one that set him apart was him becoming a captain on the CSS Planter. Smalls found himself fighting on the wrong side of the war when the Planter was used by the confederates to plant mines, carry ammunition and cargo.
“I had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other,” said Harriet Tubman.Harriet Tubman saved over 1000 slaves risking her life going back and forth. Later on, she works for the Union Army in the Civil War, and she was one of the first women to lead an armed expedition in the war. Harriet Tubman was a person who cared about other peoples’ freedom she helps free slaves and helps the Union army in the war. Harriet Tubman was a slave but after a while, she and her brothers left for Pennsylvania. Halfway through they went back so she went with them to make sure they were safe.
The seemingly endless battle for civil rights was one fought long and hard and during the 20th century a time of fruition occurred that allowed for concrete and tangible progress though the efforts of many, including key black intellectual revolutionaries. The call to freedom, and the fight for civil liberties to be bestowed upon people of color, who for hundreds of years were perceived as subordinate was happening. Change was fought through self-determination, and a burgeoning of powerful ideologies that laid the foundation for movement to be made. The admirable actions of women have been slighted, as they are almost non-existent in the pages of our history books. The contributions of the civil right movement have many a time excluded the contributions of prominent African American woman who tirelessly fought.
There are many people that has accomplished a lot of things throughout the years, but non has made a bigger impact other than Harriet Tubman. She took the considerations of many African American voices and help them escape slavery. She led the underground railroad and started a revolution for all those that were trapped in slavery. Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery in the South to become a leading abolitionist before the American Civil War. Born a slave in Maryland 1820, she escaped in 1849.
One leader can change how a region, or group of people think, but many leaders can make an entire country question itself. A group called the abolitionist did just this. The abolitionist held many leaders such as Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass, Abraham Lincoln and many more. All of these people held specific qualities that set them apart as ideal leaders and spokespeople. One of these leaders was Harriet Tubman, born as a slave she had great initiative and courage as she not only escaped slavery but returned to plantations to sneak off more and more slaves.