1.3 Purpose of the Study This research is meant to assess the impact of urbanization on agricultural land. The researcher intends to establish how the loss of fertile agricultural land to commercial and residential use is affecting food production in Kiambu county. 1.3.1 Objectives of the Study The objectives of the study are: 1. To investigate if rapid urbanization has led to change in land use in Kiambu County. 2.
What was the role of economics in driving changes resulting from the Neolithic and Industrial Revolutions? The Neolithic and Industrial revolutions were crucial to the advancement of economics. As a result of the Neolithic Revolution, the world began a transition from hunter-gathers to a more settled way of life. Through increases in population, settlements became towns and the dawn of civilization began. The economy impact from the Industrial Revolution was just as momentous.
The market revolution impact on the South and Northeast brought about widespread economic growth yet affected the regions differently, the South shifted from subsistence farming to commercial farming and the Northeast grew in mechanization and industrialization. The South had focused on providing subsistence
For instance, farm production, which was once done manually by hand and produced with the aim of feeding the immediate family, became commercialised. The invention of new machines such as tractors and threshing machines resulted in bigger harvests and the sale of agricultural produce for profit. The development of steam-powered machines and the popularisation of the production line in factories during this period led to more products manufactured in greater amounts for sale, steering up the cycle of demand and supply for the rapidly increasing population. It is therefore evident that the Industrial Revolution was a pivotal turning point in human history as it led to massive changes in the economy and the traditional way of living life for a great
Dat Chenh Prof. McNee History 313 03/13/2017 The Free Nation Industrialization. An inevitable event which took place during the late 19th and early 20th century also known as the second industrial revolution; marks an important turning point for life inside the United States. The most important contribution to the revolution was steel. With growth in production along with the significantly lower cost compared to iron, steel was the answered to new inventions in construction such as skyscrapers and in transportation such as trains and railroads. While the rise of industry brings many jobs and wealth to American soil, it also brings changes to working class Americans.
Factors such as labor specialization, technology, growth of urban centers, new roads, and the development of collective enterprises differentiated the time period from the Early Middle Ages. Population growth was a factor in the increasing specialization of labor, which included professions such as blacksmiths and miners. Specialization in commercial crops also existed in southern Italy including Sicily and Calabria. The development of new forms of technology also impacted the economy of High Middle Ages. Jordan notes that “the widespread diffusion of the technology was made possible only by the millennial revolution in iron production” Increased iron production was instrumental for cutting down the forests and plowing the fields of Europe.
This would also reduce the population density in the cities. They would be able to prosper in the village itself without having to think about migrating somewhere for their livelihood. Rural development in simple terms can be defined as the process of improving the quality of life and economy in the remote and rural parts of the country. These rural areas may be isolated and sparsely populated, but, in most cases, they offer a picturesque natural setting with a rich culture. These areas have generally been dependent on agriculture and natural resources for their economic upturn.
The model then assumes that these profits will be reinvested in the business in the form of more fixed capital. Firm’s productive capacity is thus increased and entrepreneurs will demand a greater amount of labor. More workers will be employed from the surplus found in the agriculture sector. The process continues until all surplus labor from the agriculture sector has been employed. The manufacturing sector will have grown and the economy moved from a traditional agricultural economy to industrial modern sector.
Marx, through his communist manifesto, believed that “modern industry has converted the little workshop of the patriarchal master into the great factory of the industrial capitalist”, taking society from one epoch of social stratification and forced labour to Capitalism, under which the inequality between the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat grew and became more evident. On the other hand, Durkheim saw industrialisation as a mainly positive occurrence which, along with the division of labour, provided the necessary institutions are in place to maintain it, as it causes society to change and develop and thus “civilization develops because it cannot fail to develop” (Durkheim: 1933: 337). Yet despite differences in their views of the effect, both Marx and Durkheim used the process of industrialisation to explain how society progresses and how society is held together or broken, with Durkheim, in particular, looking at just how much the structure of society changes as the division of labour progresses (Morrison:
The Agricultural Revolution had led to an increased food production and increased population overall in England (Beck). This resulted in people from the country side moving into the city to work for wages, which led to an increase in demand for products such as clothing. These items of clothing were made by the textile industry. The cottage system was responsible for this -The cottage system served as transition from rural to industrial economy, this system relied on wage labor and a market to buy and sell raw materials such as cotton and clothes- however this system could not keep up with the demand of the increasing population. Another factor that supports the theory as to why The Industrial Revolution took place in England and not another country was that Britain had an abundant amount of iron and coal resources which allowed for the making and powering of new machines such as the locomotive and steam-powered machinery used