The measure that criminals go to commit hate crimes is just devastating and harsh. These kinds of violence cause harm and strike fear in people not only in London but also places hearing of these horrific events. Nobody wants to be harassed or attacked for something that certain individuals in their culture did, and be stereotyped as that one
Before it is possible to find a solution to the problem, it is necessary to get to know the problem better. By definition, a hate crime is a crime motivated by racial, sexual, or other prejudice, typically one involving violence. According to FBI data, 60% of hate crimes are motivated by racial bias, which are composed of mostly anti-black crimes, followed by anti-white crimes, then anti-hispanic crimes. 20% of hate crimes were against religious groups, with anti-semitic crimes being most common, with crimes against Muslims following close behind.
Many violent acts that were wrongfully said to have been waged for a just and holy cause had ulterior, corrupt motives behind them that overrode the poor excuse of religion. The Spanish Inquisition’s ruthless and unjust persecution of those who questioned or did not follow Catholicism is commonly cited as one of history’s most despicable examples of violence caused by religious purpose, although that campaign was mostly headed by secular authorities with secular motives (Madden). The Catholic monarchs who called for the Spanish Inquisition sought to use religious persecution to increase terror and conformity among their people, to weaken threatening authorities, alliances, and ideologies, and to increase their absolute royal power (Ryan).
Racial profiling is a very important issue that individuals in society face every day. This problem occurs in low income or poverty-stricken areas throughout cities and communities across the nation. Hundreds of anecdotal testimonials allege that law enforcement officials at all levels of government are infringing upon the constitutional rights and civil liberties of racial and ethnic minorities through a practice called “racial profiling” (Ward, 2002). So what is racial profiling? According to the National Institute of Justice, racial profiling by law enforcement is commonly defined as a practice that targets people for suspicion of crime based on their race, ethnicity, religion or national origin (National Institute of Justice, 2013).
My reflection after reading Chapter 12 is that I form the idea that when people in a society are not educated it increases the risks of crime. Crime is defined as any act that is against the law. The Court system is responsible for deciding which crimes should be considered worth punishing for. As we look at the two different types of crimes such as mala in se and mala prohibita. Mala in se is considered to be “inherently evil” meaning such as robbery, murder, rape, etc that people in society have decided that should be banned due to its evil inhuman nature.
In fact, most people believe that the Sons of Liberty were very deceitful, and destroyed economy in Boston, as well as property. To further prove the point that many people dislike the Sons of Liberty, the British soldiers often referred to the Sons of Liberty as the “Sons of Violence” to give them an inauspicious reputation. The Sons of Liberty even had the audacity to defy the king, which was seen as treason back then. However, the outcome of what the Sons of Liberty fought for, far outweighed any wrongdoings they may have committed. The Sons of Liberty were fighting for a sapient cause which was the liberty of the colonists.
Hate Crime in the United States is a growing epidemic. " Hate crime" generally means a crime against persons or property motivated in whole or in part by racial, ethnic, religious, gender, sexual orientation and other prejudices. Politicians, journalists, interest groups, and some criminologists insist that the United States is experiencing an across-the-board hate crime epidemic. Race, religion, and sexual orientation are three of the leading targets of hate crimes that improved since before but need further resolutions.
Violence is all around us, without we even knowing it and it won’t change. Life can be tough, especially those who aren’t being accepted for who they are but judge by their appearance, sexual orientation, race, ethnicity and other norms that doesn’t follow societal norms. Violence is used to show power, authority, and sometimes to make a point about an issue. For example, when Sin-Dee got splash by urine, it express the hatred that some people feel towards non-heterosexual people. Also, it present how non-heterosexual are being treated differently than heterosexual person.
Villains often play a vital role in contrasting the protagonists, which brings upon sympathy towards the protagonists. In The Stranger by Albert Camus, society directly criticizes Meursault 's actions and beliefs, evoking Meursault 's sadness in the story. While in The Meursault Investigation, Merault is the antagonist of the story because he kills Musa, Harun’s brother. Meursault indirectly provokes Harun’s anger and fuels his ambition for his actions. Both stories present villains differently, where society is directly criticizing Meursault’s beliefs and actions in The Stranger while Meursault is indirectly hurting Harun in The Meursault Investigation.
Racism was known for a long time ago since human creation, it had many negative consequences on the human race such as wars, and it also created disunion between different categories. Moreover, racism can be defined as the act that values a certain race or class over the others and give them the right to take control over the other categories, this right of control is due to the fact that these other categories are from a different back ground (Religion, race, sex….etc.). Racism is one of the biggest problems in our modern society, a lot of wars were caused by it and due to this fact it is considered as a major contributor to social unrest. It is a huge problem that requires acknowledgment. There are three different kinds of racism, direct discrimination, indirect discrimination and harassment.
To shoot a man in the head point blank in the middle of the street is not something that sat well with the American public. As said by Marien, "Some lasting images of the war experience were created only in photography" (368). This photo remains to this day one of the most recognizable photos of the war, and among the most tough to look at. This display of pure savagery showed how demoralizing and dehumanizing this conflict had become, and added to the ever growing anti-war sentiment. This photo was another example of how the war was consistently going against traditional American ideologies, and convinced the American people even more that this violence needed to
Conversely, under hate crime legislation it is clear to see that the prosecution of hate crimes further divides society by reinforcing the marginalisation of minority groups. Advocates with ideologies akin to this state that all violent crimes are the result of the offender’s absolute contempt for the victim of the hate crime. In such cases like this, all crimes are hate crimes and if no alternate rationale for prosecuting some people more harshly than others for the same crime based on who the victim is, a situation arises where different offenders charged with the same offence are treated unequally under the law which inadvertently creates discrimination, prejudices and unfairness in society.
A criminal offense against a person or property motivated by a prejudice of race, sexuality, ethnicity, religion, gender, gender identity, or disability is defined as a hate crime. Imagine a person being killed in spite of the dislike for the color of the victim’s skin or their ethnicity. Or think about a criminal committing arson by setting a mosque on fire for the reason that they do not agree with the religious affiliations attached to the mosque. Both are clear examples of a hate crime, and hate crimes have been committed for hundreds of years dating back to, as Tom Strissguth (2003) identifies, 1649 (p. 104). Current hate crime laws that are in place have every good intention in mind to keep victims safe, but there are arguments from scholars
Introduction Colin Ferguson was convicted of the December 7, 1993 shooting of 25 people aboard the Long Island Rail Road commuter train out of Penn Station at Merillon Avenue station in Garden City, New York, New York. He killed six and wounded nineteen before being stopped by three of the passengers: Kevin Blum, Mark McEntee, and Mike O'Connor. Ferguson's trial was notable for a number of unusual developments, including his firing of his defense counsel and insisting on representing himself and examining himself as a live witness. Before the trial, William Kunstler and Ron Kuby attempted to argue that Ferguson was driven to mental illness through years of living in an oppressive and racist society.
The impact of crime can differentiate depending on wider issues such as discrimination and social exclusion. Victims of hate crime have suffered emotionally and have in recent history shaped crucial legislation in light of events. Discrimination typically refers to the identification of differences which could be positive or negative (Thompson, 2011). In relation to unlawful discrimination, it is the unfair treatment or action towards a person or group on the basis of certain characteristics. These 9 characteristics are enshrined in the Equality Act 2010 which include discriminating on the grounds of race, age, gender reassignment, disability and sexual orientation.