Hatshepsut was the third female pharaoh in egyptian history, and she was considered to be the greatest female pharaoh ever. If she was the best, why was she erased from history? Why was she a pharaoh? Why did she die? This is her story.
Queen Hatshepsut was born to Thutmose I and his wife, Ahmose, around 1508 BC. She was born in Thebes, Egypt, at the time of the 18th dynasty. When she was about twelve years old, The young princess got married to Thutmose II. He was her half-brother. Thutmose died after ruling for 15 years and Hatshepsut became a co-ruler to Thutmose III. An adviser that was quite influential to Hatshepsut was named Senenmut. He was a servant to Hatahepsut but some people think that he might also have been her lover.
In 1479 B.C.E. Thutmose II passed the power of Pharaoh to co-ruler Hatshepsut-his sister/wife-because his son, Thutmose III, was too young. During her reign, she proved she was worthy by becoming one of the “most ambitious builders in Egyptian history” (Cole and Symes 34). However, after ruling for 21 years her legacy was tested. Scholars found defaced statues and portraits of Hatshepsut. Some believed Thutmose III was slighted by Hatshepsut and he defaced her image. Although, through more research they believed Thutmose III’s son, Amenhotep II, had more motivation. Hatshepsut’s image may have been defaced because of lack of knowledge in hieroglyphs, gender roles, and the hope for power.
In “Hatshepsut His Majesty Herself,” by catherine Andronik, She informs the reader about Hatshepsut and her role as an effective female Pharaoh in ancient egypt. One supporting detail proving her leadership was she acted as regent,” an adult who can take control of the country.” Another detail to support her leadership was in paragraph eleven,” She appointed officials and advisors dealt with priests.” This quote explains that Hatshepsut was a great regent who tackled obstacles head on and with a lot of maturity. Another detail about Hatshepsut's successful reign was in paragraph 17 it states,”Hatshepsut reign was peaceful. Instead of war and conquest, Hatshepsut built monuments within her country to proclaim its power.” This quote that she wanted to work on the inside of egypt and make it peaceful instead of war and conflict. In addition in paragraph 14 it states,” So the people of egypt would take her seroucly she made herself look like a man in her role as pharaoh.” This quote shows the determination of hatshepsut and that she
Hatshepsut’s reign as pharaoh strongly emphasised her close relationship and devotion to the god Amun. According to Lawless, Hatshepsut did more than any other Pharaoh to raise the status of Amun beyond all other gods. She achieved this by emphasising her filial relationship with the god, most evident in the divine birth scene in her mortuary temple at Deir El Bahri and through the Oracle, which was later inscribed on the walls of the Red Chapel at Karnak. These pieces of evidence are vital in explaining Hatshepsut’s devotion to Amun. However, the relationship between Hatshepsut and Amun was a reciprocal arrangement as through the glorification of her father she promoted the priesthood and rewarded them for their support towards her legitimacy which led to their growth in wealth and political power during her reign.
To begin, Hatshepsut was a female ruler. Due to this fact, the steps she took to demand respect made her quite exceptional. In the time of ancient Egypt, the citizens only recognized and revered male rulers, so she had a difficult path before her to acquire the trust and respect of the people she would have to watch over. But, Hatshepsut had a plan. And in the execution of this plan, she would be able to take charge of Egypt. As she ascended the throne, she appeared in men’s clothing and wore the crown of a Pharaoh. The small biography on this powerful woman in the Prentice Hall Textbook also states that “[because] Egyptians thought of their rulers as male, she wore a false beard as a sign of authority”. Moreover, she was a very fair and level-headed Queen as well as sentimental and respectful. To prove this theory, it was recorded that she constructed “a
In the end, Hatshepsut was ruling Egypt in all but name.” says in paragraph 9. This shows even in her role as a regent she was a successful leader. When Hatshepsut was crowned pharaoh, she choose a name that represented Maat, which was crucial to Egyptians. In paragraph 12, it states,“Hatshepsut chose Maatkare (mah-KAH-ray). Maat, that crucial cosmic order, was important to Hatshepsut.” This shows that by doing something that was favorable in the people shows that Hatshepsut was a good ruler. My last supporting detail that shows that Hatshepsut was an effective ruler because she had the traits of one. “women had not ruled long or well, and neither had had the audacity to proclaim herself pharaoh. Hatshepsut would be different.”says in paragraph 13. This shows that she was a bold woman and that is important in leading a country. In conclusion, Hatshepsut was an effective ruler who ruled her country
Hatshepsut was an effective religious leader. She credited her place to Amun through her Heavenly Birth. She followed the god’s command by acquiring an expedition to Punt and gave gifts to the gods; she gave praise to Amun for her military victories and triumphs. Hatshepsut also kept religious festivals and contributed numerous respect and influence to the Amun priesthood. Hatshepsut made sure Egypt was safe after her death. There is no surprise that Thutmose III became one of the supreme pharaohs of the New Kingdom given the leadership and opportunities afforded to him through his co-regency with Hatshepsut. In truth, judging from the attack on her monuments, Hatshepsut was perhaps a little too good in concerns of being a pharaoh.
In “Hatshepsut, His Majesty, Herself,” by Catherine Andronik, she informs the reader about Hatshepsut and her role as an effective female pharaoh in ancient Egypt. One supporting detail of Hatshepsut’s effectiveness as a pharaoh is that she was a regent. In paragraph eight, the author tells us that a regent is “an adult who could take control of the country.” In addition, the author states,”...had been training for since her earliest days by her father’s side. Women had acted as regents for infants…” Because Hatshepsut had been ready for this job, and was familiar with Egypt, she was now regent for Tuthmosis III because he was not mature enough to rule. Further in the text, we learn that Hatshepsut assists Tuthmosis III, but she is starting
Queen Hatshepsut influenced Egypt in many great ways in which made the nation prosper. She married her half-brother, Tutmose II, and upon his death, his young son Tutmose III, ruled Egypt alongside Hatshepsut. Queen Hatshepsut “in a bold move… seized the throne for herself and gained the backing of
She fought for her throne she was a strong female leader living in an ancient, male dominant, and yet made her impact on history. Cleopatra’s leadership distinguished her from the other Cleopatra’s of her day. She is an important leader to Egypt and also one of the most influenced female leaders in her time with more power than most female leaders can acquire. She is an important female leader in history because her life in leadership influenced her people, Egypt, and the world that they can also rule their
Many doubted her abilities to rule Egypt, but with trial and error she still prevailed. Alliances played a major role in Cleopatra’s reign. Since she recruited many strong leaders to help her gain an upper hand to the throne, it gave her the power she needed to make her moves. During this period, dynasties were a major key to ruling in Egypt. Each ruler made great contributions and passed power from one generation to the next. Cleopatra’s family was not any different, she did what she had to do to restore the country she loved. Although she was not fit to be the ruler of Egypt, Cleopatra did restore Egypt to former glory because of her determination, strong alliances, and hunger to keep her family’s dynasty alive. Because of her passion and undeniable love for her country and people, Cleopatra was the best leader of the Ptolemaic
Why this item was broken into many fragments and was hidden? Why this woman covered her beauty with the royal beard? And finally was she a hero of the time or just an ambitious Pharaoh? All these
Senenmut was another architect from the eighteenth dynasty, who is worthy to be remembered for his fascinating building constructions. Senenmut held a long list of almost eighty titles, inscribed on his statues. The titles describe him as an architect, government official and the tutor of the king’s daughter. He was a commoner who would have elevated to his position through his great achievements. He was trusted by the king, to be the tutor of his daughter Neferure, and this can be seen depicted in seven of his status (Fig. 5). As an architect he may have been responsible for the building of the mortuary temple complex of Hatshepsut at Dir el-Bahri. Two tombs were allocated for Senenmut, even though he was not buried in noun of them. Tomb
During the ancient times many cultures and races viewed art as something important for their lifestyles and part of their culture. Portraiture was one of the often used forms of art that either represented someone who once lived or a god that they worshipped. These forms of art were really important for various reasons, whether it was for worship, remembrance of the person or god, remembrance of an important day, tomb markers, etc. Three examples of portraitures made during the ancient times are: ‘Victory Stele of Naram-sin’, ‘Hatshepsut with Offering Jars’, and ‘Khafre Enthroned’. Each of these three pieces of art played a big role on the lives of the owners because it depicted them in the way that they wanted to be depicted. They all differentiate