This deformity can be caused by a variety of problems, including: • Osteoporosis. This bone-thinning disorder can result in crushed vertebrae (compression fractures). Osteoporosis is most common in older adults, particularly women, and in people who have taken high doses of corticosteroids for long periods of time. • Disk degeneration. Soft, circular disks act as cushions between spinal vertebrae.
Compression symptoms affecting adjacent organs. 3. Severe pain on the left side of the abdomen may be due to acute expansion or rupture of the aneurysm. 4. Abdominal distension, shock, and death may occur due to rupture into the peritoneum.
Piece of the spinal nerves pushes out of the spinal canal, and the nerves are frequently injured. A bulge in the skin is a symptom. In some newborn babies, the skin is wide open and the nerves are shown. What causes Spina Bifida? The exact origin of Spina Bifida isn 't known.
Cerebral Palsy is caused by brain injuries or brain malformation that occurs before during or after birth that affects the brain's development. There are many ways to prevent Cerebral Palsy according to which category it falls into. There are three categories, congenital, acquired and genetic predisposition. Congenital cases are the result of brain damage before the child is born and often happens because of birth complications. It can be acquired in multiple ways such as having a stroke or being in a car accident and it may also be the effect of shaken-baby-syndrome, it can also happen because of an infection or condition that slows down the blood flow to the brain.
What is it Lupus is a chronic systemic rheumatic disease, that is, can affect any organ and / or system : joints and muscles, can damage the skin, kidney, lung and almost all organs. One of the characteristics of this disease is a disease that is very heterogeneous. It is difficult to find two patients with the same symptoms and the same patterns of disease. That complicates often it is diagnosed. The evolution of the disease develops in stages and other outbreak in which the effects of the disease forwarded.
Such bruising often occurs when a person's brain slams against their skull. The severity of the contusion will dictate the recovery process. A minor contusion will most likely heal on its own while a major contusion can lead to a number of medical complications. A contusion can only be diagnosed with either a CT scan or an MR scan, which makes visiting your doctor after falling and hitting your head a
Primary head injury is present at the time of the trauma and is seen as a transient or an irreversible damage to the brain but secondary brain injury is usually as a result of accompanying peri-lesional oedema or raised intracranial pressure or parenchymal ischemia affecting varying parts of the brain. These secondary changes can cause tonsillar herniation especially in cases with raised intracranial pressure and may eventually culminate in the death of the patient. [14-15] The current trend of evaluation of patients with head injury includes Computed tomography (CT), Magnetic resonance Imaging (MRI) and Nuclear medicine. However, cranial CT has emerged the mainstay in the diagnostic work-up of patients with head injury, particularly in the initial assessment of the head injured due to its availability, short image acquisition time and its accuracy in the detection of skull fractures and intracranial haemorrhage. [15 –
One of the most leading causes of epilepsy is head trauma (most likely from an accident) which is known as “Post Traumatic Epilepsy.” Another cause is brain conditions; when someone has had a stroke or brain tumor in the past they have a higher chance of developing epilepsy. Also, infectious diseases (such as meningitis and AIDS) can cause epilepsy. Lastly, prenatal injuries: mother acquires an infection or oxygen deficiency to the baby and developmental disorders: autism and neurofibromatosis (Epilepsy, 2017). To figure out if someone actually has epilepsy, they will go through tests to be
He was in the hospital for 98 das, and suffered many other major problems related to his brain injury. He had softening of certain affected areas in the brain, low blood pressure, kidney failure, pneumonia, the dangerous infection sepsis, temporary cardiac arrest and an inability to walk and talk. Years later, he has regained most of his speech but still has some cognitive problems and uses a wheelchair to get
A concussion is a head injury which results from the movement of the brain in the skull causing the brain to hit the sides of the skull which can cause swelling, bleeding, or other serious injury. Concussions can be linked to neurological trauma, especially after a patient suffers from multiple head traumas. This link was first considered when Phineas Gage, in 1848, suffered an injury from an iron spike being driven through his head, and following the injury, exhibiting extreme personality changes. Some 170 years later, these same personality differences can be observed in patients following head trauma. Some symptoms for concussion include; headache or a feeling of pressure in the head, temporary loss of consciousness, dizziness or "seeing