Psychological Research can range from being simple to very complex. Psychological research deals with the research that psychologist have conducted to analyze the behavior of individuals. When conducting these researches there are special guidelines which need to be taken. If the researcher fails to meet these guidelines the research may be classified as unethical.
Racism and Research: The Case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study is an article written by Allen M. Brandt in 1978. In this article, Brandt wants to show that the Tuskegee Syphilis Study was not serious studied about the syphilis, but it was revealed more about racism. He said that, “Failure to place the study in a historical context also made it impossible for the investigation to deal with the essentially racist nature of the experiment” (Brandt). Thus, his quote just showed the offensiveness that racism was created in the society. Besides that, this study was started in 1932 to 1972; it was 40 years of this cruel study, and this study is completely unethical to all of the patients. Sadly, during that time, the 400 infected men were lying by
In the Memphis Flyer article,written by Vance Lauderdale, he writes about a health scam that occured in Kansas around the 1930s. There has been some debates about nutrional controversies for years;But there is nothing like the most infamous health scam by a man known as the Goat Gland doctor. But in real life this man who made it his mission to 'help' people was named Dr. John R. Brinkley. In the era in which he lived, a large majority of medical services were not as progressed as they are now. It seems that no matter what time in history, there are always people scaming other people into believing that almost anything can cure them or improve their health.
I believe the best illustration of tension between local culture and globalisation in Samir’s story is his account of the Medicine Man, Don Candido of the BriBri tribe in Costa Rica. Samir details how he had found two parasites in his arm after his stay in Costa Rica and had to endure a 3 and a half week ordeal of toxic daily shots in the US in order to save his life. Samir kept thinking there must be a better solution to this problem and upon his next visit to Costa Rica, the medicine man, Don Candido, revealed that he knew a very simple treatment that would only last for 3 days and would be gentler on the body. Unfortunately, beneficial medical knowledge like that of Don Candido is slowly losing it’s credibility to more mainstream western
Angel Island Immigration Station had its own power, lighting and water systems, dormitories, hospital, dining facilities, staff home and administration facilities due to its remote location. It could handle up to 2,500 immigrants per day and had sleeping accommodations for up to 1,000. Images of these facilities are available on the Americans All website. The first stop on the island was the Administrative Building, where men were separated from women and children. Then followed the medical exams, which included humiliating aspects like undressing in front of strangers and being probed and prodded. During the medical exams, individuals were also tested for various diseases and parasitic infections. If at any time during the exam an individual
Margaret Newman’s theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness proposes that humans are unitary beings that are continuously in contact with their environment. The theory sees the person as one whole instead of being composed of multiple parts. Humans are personally responsible for evolving their own patterns in their lives. These patterns evolve from decisions that a person makes as well as their interactions with others. Newman explains that health and illness are the same and that illness or pathologic condition manifests from a pattern that is already present in the person. Resolving this illness or pathologic condition will not change the pattern that is present (McEwen
- ‘All’ studies had a small number of enrolled COPD patients, ranging from 16 to 92 participants. A fact possibly due to the strict criteria for patient inclusion and the severity of the disease of the patients evaluated. It could be that if the sample size was larger many papers could have confirmed greater differences.
Patient #1: Mr. Jones, a forty two years old African American old male with a diagnosis of lumber 4 to lumber 5 abscess and partially paraplegic, unable to move bilateral lower extremities, sensation present. These problem was found out from the CAT scan result in emergency department. The patient refused to do MRI of his spine and he stated he is claustrophobic.
usually compared to the best standard of care. It must be pointed out that in oncology patient population, placebo arm is not explicitly needed like in psychiatric clinical trials where placebo effect is significant problem. In oncology clinical trials, placebo arm is not considered as ethical, due to severity of the disease and life-threatening condition, so scientific curiosity can not prevail over the best interest of individual patient. In clinical trials investigating add on treatments, it is usually add on to the standard of care treatment in comparison to placebo. There is still open question should sponsor provide for free background therapy. In this case it could also be considered as investigational drug, but is usually not expected
When people discover that I'm studying acupuncture a common question I get asked is "isn't acupuncture just placebo?" The short answer is yes and no. I have written this article in response to this question and to examine the placebo effect. I have tried to be as objective as possible but obviously my view is going to be biased as I am studying to become an acupuncturist so I obviously think it is more than placebo.
Over the years, numerous claimed scientific findings have been proven false by researchers who tried to replicate them, or to test their feasibility. In fact, it appears that claimed scientific findings are often just the result of chance or biases; no true relationship existing between the studied variables. The article explores the multiple causes of false positive findings, from sampling, to data analysis through research design and more. The author found that most claimed research findings are false because the majority of them are based on a single study. Major causes of false findings are biases that can be noticed from sampling, data collection, data analysis and even shifting of the initial hypothesis once the data are obtained. These
During mid twentieth century as huge advancements were being made in the field of health care, doctors and researchers often faced conflicts of interest between patient care and medical innovation. They were not bound by the same systems of rules, regulations, and checks that are in place today, which allowed these conflicts of interest to manifest themselves at an institutional level in some horrible ways during and after the second world war. When these questionable practices inevitably came to light, the public was shocked and disgusted. It was no longer a certainty that a doctor or researcher would always act in the best interest of their patient or subject. The medical institution could no longer be trusted to act ethically, and this meant that an outside influence was necessary in the previously exclusive field of medicine. In this essay, I will outline three cases that illustrate ethical issues in both the research and practice of medicine that made clear the need for bioethics in the field of health care.
Doctors’ amicable images are in the minds of most people, but William Carlos Williams depicts a bizarre doctor in his short story “The Use of Force”. The doctor is called to Olson’s home to diagnose a girl named Mathilda who is suspected to have diphtheria. Because of her uncooperativeness, the doctor has no other way working but to use force on Mathilda in order to check her throat and to confirm the diagnosis. In consideration of his using of force in this story, the doctor is becoming less dutiful and more hypocritical with the development of the story.
The looming concern of human experimentation was enough to deter some individuals from seeking the medical care that they needed for their well-being. The thought that trusted medical professionals had the power to perform unethical experiments on them while they were in their care was enough to let them live with whatever ailment that they had. By not seeking out the care that they desperately needed in some cases only lead to further problems. Several doctors abused their patients' trust for their own curiosities. Those curiosity-driven procedures led to many medical discoveries, cures, and medications. However, what was best for the patient, or volunteer, was cast aside. During the 20th century, the fear of this happening
From my perspectives, the role primary care doctor is important in the health care system. Primary care doctors acts as a “gatekeeper” in health service. As the entry point for most of the patient’s medical and health concerns, primary care doctors not only provides medications and treatments for patients regardless of their problems, they also regulate the access to specialists and more advanced yet costly procedures. According to the severity of patient’s situations and the origin of the problems, primary care doctors can decide whether referral to specialists is required. Also, primary care doctors can analyze to patients whether certain procedures or treatments are required. As many patients nowadays tend to come up with their own diagnosis