Planning and Organization of Health Programs for the Community • Health programs are a set of planned and organized activities carried out over time to accomplish specific health-related goals and objectives. • Health Program planning is a process in which an intervention is planned to help meet the needs of a specific group of people. • Example: Community Nutrition Program for Adolescent Anemia, School Health Program for Improving the health of the school children, Immunization program for Under five children etc., • The Process of planning and organization of health programs for the community involves a series of activities. • Public Health Nurse and many health planners use various models which guide the process of planning and organization
Task 2 7 / C.P6: Compare the influence of different health and safety laws or policies on health and social care practice in a selected setting There are several different health and safety laws and policies that vary between settings in health and social care aimed towards different legislations that must be followed, and have resulted in improvements in health and social care practice. It is important that these legislations are followed by service providers in order for them to promote safe practice and to fully understand their responsibilities under these legislations. Some of the legislations include the Health and Safety at Work Act etc 1974, the Data Protection Act 1998, the Care Act 2014, the Care Standards Act 2000 and the Equality Act 2010. The Health and Safety at Work Act etc 1974 aims to ensure the health, safety and welfare to all individuals in the workplace and reducing the risk of accidents, illness, injuries and malpractice. This can include the administration, handling, storage and record of dangerous substances and the training of staff in these areas as well as in handling safety equipment to ensure health and safety.
(Abraham and Sheeran, 2005).It comprises six components that determine behaviour i.e. perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers health motivation and cues to action (Christopher J. Armitage & Mark Conner 2000). It was developed to understand peoples’ beliefs about whether they are at risk for a certain disease or health problem (to produce perceived threat), and their perceptions to seek prevention mechanisms or early detection and treatment (Christopher J. Armitage & Mark Conner 2000) (50,20,36,93).The HBM states that health behavior is constructed by two cognitions: perceptions of illness threat and evaluation of behaviors to with stand the threat. Threat perceptions are based on perceived susceptibility of the individual to the illness and the perceived severity of the consequences of the illness for the individual. Similarly,
Population health is a field which includes health outcomes, patterns of health determinants and policies and interventions that link these two (Kindig & Stoddart, 2003). More recently, the National Academy of Medicine defined population health as an approach that treats the population as a whole (including the environmental and community contexts) as the patient (NACNEP, 2016). Allied health professionals relate to population health through the understanding of the increased demand to serve the population rather than only the individual. The three most critical areas to better serve the health of the population as allied health professionals include 1) viewing the population’s health as a whole, versus as individuals, 2) to emphasize the need to practice quality improvement and patient safety in all instances when a medical decision is made, and 3) take into consideration all sub-populations when judging the health of an entire population. To shift from individual patient care, based on active symptoms, is the current practice of most healthcare professionals.
The concept of health care needs includes physical, psychospiritual, social, and environmental needs that arise for patients in stressful health care situations. The concept of nursing interventions outlines nursing actions that promote comfort care. The concept of the intervening variables described as factors that influence recipient’s perception of comfort and affect outcomes. The concept of comfort defined as the immediate result of nursing interventions. Health seeking behaviors concept defined as “patient actions, which serve as predictors or indicators of improved health, categorized as internal (e.g., healing, immune function), external (e.g., functional status, a perception of health), or as a peaceful death” (Kolcaba, 2001, p.91).
Health promotion in the health care services is therefore one of the key methods through which individuals can employ persuasive methodologies alongside personal one-to-one counselling from individuals which health to alter the behaviours, knowledge and attitudes of individuals towards the health choices they make. 1.1
The Health Field Model The Health Field Model (HFM) is the conceptual framework that is used by different health care organizations or in individual research projects to evaluate the prevalence, awareness and management of diseases in the community (Pittman, 2010). The HFM, a determinant health model is developed by Bob Evans and Greg Stoddart in 1990. The HFM provides a broad spectrum for understanding health, and the factors that interfere with, and influence the health of individuals in the community. There are features to put into consideration for, in determining the factors that affect many diseases; hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease, or influence of health on a community (Kindig & McGinnis, 2007). According to Evans and Stoddart (1990), grouped
One may focus on particular domains to establish pertinent nursing care related to desired outcome nevertheless, Heritage, Communication, Family Roles and Organization, Biocultural Ecology, Nutrition, Death Rituals, Spirituality, Health Care Practice, Health Care Practitioner and High-Risk Behaviors can assist during an acute care
To understand how to reduce these imparities, they need to be identified. The purpose of this essay is to explore what these inequalities are and how they have come to manifest in health care. This will be done through addressing subjects such as economic status, accessibility for service users, gender and ethnicity. How have Inequalities Come to Manifest in Healthcare? There are clear differences in quality of health between social classes.
Symptom pattern is the degree to which symptoms present with a pattern and based on this pattern the meaning of the symptoms can be determined. Event familiarity is the degree to which the situation is repetitive, or contains recognized clues. Event congruence refers to the consistency between what is expected and what is experienced in illness-related events (Mishel). These three components of the stimuli frame are influenced by two variables: cognitive capacity and structure providers. Cognitive capacity refers to the information processing abilities of the person.