In my opinion Social Cognitive Theory is ideal to health promotion and communication. Because the theory deals with cognitive, emotional aspects, behavioral understanding and also explains how people acquire and perform behavioral patterns. On the other hand the concepts of SCT provide not only ways for behavioral research in health education and promotion but also frame work for designing, implementing and evaluating health education and promotion programmes. Candidate Number: 118 The Health Belief Model The Health Belief Model (HBM) is one of the first and broadly used theory of health behavior. (Abraham and Sheeran, 2005).It comprises six components that determine behaviour i.e.
Autonomy: In a healthcare setting, the right of a patient to make informed choices about their body is defined as autonomy. The moral principle of respect for autonomy directs healthcare providers to refrain from preventing patients from making their own decisions unless these choices pose serious risks to the patient or society. This means that an informed and competent patient has the ability to either accept or decline treatments, surgeries and medications. From the information gathered in the assignment case, it can be assumed that Joseph is in a rational state of mind. It can be argued that the standard of autonomy has not been met since the doctor has not fully informed Joseph of the reasons why he should quit smoking and lower his BMI
Health promotion in the health care services is therefore one of the key methods through which individuals can employ persuasive methodologies alongside personal one-to-one counselling from individuals which health to alter the behaviours, knowledge and attitudes of individuals towards the health choices they make. 1.1
Regular depression screening is important in the healthcare setting since it helps the physicians treat depression and employ recovery mechanisms for the patients. This report will evaluate a strength-based model of care and explore how its supports nurses to work in partnership with children. The report will also demonstrate how health promotion and health education impact the health of children and their families. Furthermore, this report will identify issues that affect children and/or families and suggest recommendations for nursing practice. A strength-based model
Successful behaviour change is the product of varying factors, such as perceived health and illness, or effective health communication from the professional side (Ong, Visser, Lammes & de Haes, 1999). This can be divided into two parts: to extract and discuss patient beliefs and to facilitate the patient to take control (Michie, Miles & Weinmann, 2003). According to Ong, and colleagues (1999) between oncologists and cancer patients, the most significant factor which could predict the patient`s quality of life and satisfaction were linked to the consultation quality. An interesting finding of this study is that patient-centeredness was adversely perceived result over the period of 3
Although there are some situations in which euthanasia could be exploited, my thesis will argue that it is not always morally wrong to end someone’s life in the circumstances in which euthanasia would be contemplated. The act of euthanising somebody can either be voluntary, in which the person believes their life is not worth living and asks for their life to be ended, or non-voluntary, in which they are unable to do so, and the decision on whether to end their life rests on doctors and family. Furthermore, there are different ways in which it could be performed: through medical intervention, (deliberately ending the patient’s life using medical equipment, such as through lethal injection), or medical non-intervention, (not making any efforts to prolong their life). Both will inevitably end the patient’s life, however, not
This may cause suspicion and confusion and may further dissuade people from seeking professional help, preferring to keep to their traditional practices. E.g. African Americans are encouraged to rely on themselves and their will power rather than seek help from outside sources (Browman, 1996). Native Americans believe that sickness is the result of disharmony with oneself, community and nature, and thus mental health services would not be of much use, since they rarely focus on these aspects of one’s life (Tolman and Reedy, 1998). Besides influencing our perception of mental illness, culture also influences whether or not people seek treatment, and who they decide to seek treatment from.
The utilization of the theory has helped promote health, prevent illness, and with the empowerment of the people and health care providers in South Africa. Health promotion was not limited to just preventing illness but also includes advocating for health needs, enabling people to achieve their highest health potential, and coordinating multiple sectors related to health promotion. The model is targeted to the nurses and their involvement in health promotion. The article revealed how the increase number of curative needs of people per nurse resulted to nurses feeling overwhelmed and unaware to the right approach to the dilemma. Thus, long-term networking and empowering of people is found the hallmark for a successful health promotion by this
The Health Field Model The Health Field Model (HFM) is the conceptual framework that is used by different health care organizations or in individual research projects to evaluate the prevalence, awareness and management of diseases in the community (Pittman, 2010). The HFM, a determinant health model is developed by Bob Evans and Greg Stoddart in 1990. The HFM provides a broad spectrum for understanding health, and the factors that interfere with, and influence the health of individuals in the community. There are features to put into consideration for, in determining the factors that affect many diseases; hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease, or influence of health on a community (Kindig & McGinnis, 2007). According to Evans and Stoddart (1990), grouped
Health psychology can help us to determine the causes of illness as well as the best way to treat it. Understanding that health and illness should be viewed as a continuum can help us treat Fatima as a person instead of just an illness. This means that we should study health psychology at the onset of illness, the adaption of illness, and the outcome of illness(Ogden, 2017). We should also strive to remember that no two patients are the same. There are variables that effect treatments and outcomes.