Health disparities consist of health conditions that occur in different groups or people that may or may not be preventable. Health disparities are differences that occur in the supply and access to certain healthcare. Factors such as certain races, ethnicity, and social classes are what health disparities are based off of. Some people will have a higher risk of certain diseases or illnesses than other people. 2.
Introduction People hope and seeks long and healthier lives. Thus, health care is the act of taking preventative or necessary medical procedures to improve people well-being. Improvement or preventative may be done with surgery, the administering of medicine, or other alterations in a person 's lifestyle. These services are usually offered through a health care system made up of hospitals and physicians. Although, the health care system is set up to reduce or to prevent disease etc., there is a gap or disparity in the US health care system.
For instance, Wilkinson (1996) analyzes data of mortality and morbidity from several countries and finds that the widest gaps in health inequalities are found in countries that have the widest gaps in income. That shows class order has effects on people’s health. Therefore, healthcare professionals should be sensitive to health inequality because knowing the health inequality not only helps to cure the diseases of patients but also help to promote health . In order to reduce the illnesses and promote health, hospitals are not enough. We need to have healthcare systems to reduce illnesses and promote health.
Healthcare disparity can be explained as the gap created in the delivery of healthcare to communities which causes some communities to receive better healthcare than others. Some factors that can cause these disparities include race, socioeconomic status, location, and gender. Because of health care disparities, there are a lot of patients who are and will be at risk for many diseases such as diabetes, obesity and hypertension. These disparities negatively affect the overall cost of delivering quality healthcare and are issues that must be addressed by the people who know them best, the health care workers. Through the NURSE Corps Program I hope to help address these imbalances in underserved communities in various ways.
Health disparity are avertible health status of distinctive group of people like races, skin color, language, socioeconomic resources, gender and age (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). Health disparities are arbitrary and explicit to historical and present uneven distribution of political, economic, social, and environmental resources. A disparity can also be related to education, where dropping out of school occurs associated with various social and health problems (CDC,2017). Comprehensively, person with inadequate education are more likely to struggle number of health risks such as substance abuse, obesity, and traumatic injuries, compared to individual who receive more education. One of the main findings within health disparities in history
Definition of Health Inequity What are health inequities or inequalities? Health inequities are preventable health inequalities in many types of people among countries or not and different kinds of societies. The risk of illness and the actions of people can be controlled by social and economic conditions. Alterations in health status or in the dispersal of health determinants between different population groups can define health inequalities. Biological variations, external environment, and conditions mainly outside the control of the individuals concerned can deliver health inequalities.
For example, McBean, Li (30) conducted multi- ethnic epidemiological study to determine the differences in diabetes prevalence, incidence and mortality among the elderly of four racial/ethnic groups: whites, blacks, Hispanics and Asians, where Feskanich, Ziegler (31) conducted their study to examine and compare the gender- based association between lung cancer risk and fruits and vegetables consumption. Some scholars conduct their epidemiological study to compare the incidence, prevalence of health problem among different communities (countries), such as the study of Yusuf, Hawken (32) which compare
According to research studies, Peripheral artery disease (PAD) had been commonly underdiagnosed, undertreated, and poorly understood. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2894725/]. Study result demonstrates that underdiagnosis of PAD in primary care practice may have been the reason for ineffective secondary prevention of the high ischemic cardiovascular risk associated with PAD. The symptoms of Peripheral arterial disease can be mistaken for symptoms of other medical conditions, such as hip pain (a symptom of PAD), is commonly mistaken for arthritis. Many people also mistakenly think that recurring episodes of leg pain could be due to ageing.
Quantitative research has improved the overall delivery of health services, helped healthcare managers improve their facilities, and helped healthcare professionals learned more about diseases and other health-related issues. For example, quantitative research studies are needed in epidemiological investigations, in which Nursing participates, but can still explore much more, both in the diversity of epidemiology projects, allowing the identification of the most vulnerable groups of the population, risk factors (Nery, 2017). In this case, Quantitative research is used to collect different data to get the results of the epidemiological investigations
People seek for quality medical services from health institutions with the hope that their health conditions will improve after getting attended to. Therefore, most of the health centers put in place rules and regulations to its human resource to ensure that their clients receive the desired quality health. Unfortunately, some of these conditions deter the realization of the initially intended purpose. For the purpose of quality health production, this article implements an analysis of how the critical human factors can affect the quality of work and safety of health services provided by individual organizations and by the entire system as a whole. In further details and description, it will give two examples, 1.
By creating this comprehensive list of the medication plan given to the patient, the hospital pharmacist can then send this information to the community pharmacist and make sure that the information is held up to date. This would allow for a smoother transition for the patient and it would allow the patient to be more informed of their medications. The pharmacist is “poised to play an important role in improving medication management during transitions of care and reducing readmission rates” so the pharmacist should play a more active role to help ensure the best therapy for the patient (7). The pharmacist should ultimately design an ideal system for Medication Reconciliation to help reduce medication errors and better inform patients on ADEs to prevent any unnecessary medical
Mental Health Disparities Among Ethnic Minorities This paper addresses the mental health disparities among ethnic minorities and the advocacy for resolving these concerns. Access to mental health services refers to providers’ ability to give direct and timely services to consumers who request or need these services (La Roche & Turner, 2002). Mental health services have been significantly decreasing lately due to pressures to limit health care expenditures in general. The world has an ongoing growth of diversity. Unfortunately, ethnic minorities are identified as a population that is vulnerable to mental health disparities and face unique challenges (Holden et al., 2014).
These groups differ in the types of diseases are most prevalent in each community. For example the leading cause of death in one group maybe cardiovascular disease but in another group the leading cause of death could be HIV. Access to health care also affect how each socioeconomic can be affected by the same disease. It might be considered a major threat to one community and minor threat to another. Overall we can never truly feel as one as a nation but as separated due to the inequalities of our health care