1. INTRODUCTION This is an essay of primary health care and change, this essay is based on obstacles faced in implementing primary health care approach in health care system. The main focus of this essay will be written about the obstacles or other word the challenges to implementing primary healthcare, what can be done in order to overcome this challenges or obstacles. In addition this this repot will be highlight the definition of primary health care, brief discussion about the principles of primary health care, the importance of implementing primary healthcare in an community or a country. However , before commenting about the definition of primary health care its’s important to know what is health, According to the WHO (1940) Constitution
Task 2 7 / C.P6: Compare the influence of different health and safety laws or policies on health and social care practice in a selected setting There are several different health and safety laws and policies that vary between settings in health and social care aimed towards different legislations that must be followed, and have resulted in improvements in health and social care practice. It is important that these legislations are followed by service providers in order for them to promote safe practice and to fully understand their responsibilities under these legislations. Some of the legislations include the Health and Safety at Work Act etc 1974, the Data Protection Act 1998, the Care Act 2014, the Care Standards Act 2000 and the Equality Act 2010. The Health and Safety at Work Act etc 1974 aims to ensure the health, safety and welfare to all individuals in the workplace and reducing the risk of accidents, illness, injuries and malpractice. This can include the administration, handling, storage and record of dangerous substances and the training of staff in these areas as well as in handling safety equipment to ensure health and safety.
Thus, public health approach is to deal with all the determinants of health which requires multi sectoral collaboration and inter disciplinary coordination. Health care includes medical care and care of the determinants of health (this collective approach will help to improve the health of the community).Public Health approach is a holistic approach which encompasses all elements required for healthy living. It controls disease through health promotion, specific protection and by restoration and rehabilitation. In addition, disease surveillance which informs about ongoing as well as emerging public health issues is a core public health function. Other important functions are developing partnerships, formulation of regulations/laws, planning/policies and Human Resource Development.
The practice is found from interprofessional education, which is the skills learned before they go into practice. Interprofessinal practice and education relate to one another and there it is called Interprofessional practice, education (IPPE) which is the skills that were learnt into practice. It is defined as everyday practices that health care workers use so they can provide efficient care towards the patient, thus in turn the outcomes would be patient satisfaction which has a big role in health care facilities. Patient satisfaction is reached by teamwork which health care workers work with one another to achieve maximal patient care. Interprofessional practice education is used my many workers, even though it has barriers such as language barriers that conflicts with the patient and the health care provider.
Cost and Quality Analysis Health care cost and quality are two essential domains that carry a huge impact in the world of health care system. To understand the complex relationship between cost and quality, defining each term facilitates an understanding of how each domain functions. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) defines quality of care as “the degree to which health services for individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes and are consistent with current professional knowledge” (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, 2018, para. 3). According to Ryan and Tompkins (2014) in a paper report commissioned by the National Quality Forum (NQF), cost of care “measures total care spending .
Issues within the Health Care Organization Institutional Affiliation Date The health care organization should be able to provide reliable health facilities to encourage public health or all persons. The credentials that are required have notable differences when it comes to their relation to the health care facilities are often governed by institutions or organizations which subject these health care facilities to standard tests to ensure they are better equipped and are recognized to handle health care issues. Licensure is the time-limited permission that a government organization grants for an individual to engage in the occupation after meeting the standardized criteria required by the agency. Some health care facilities are also
Clinical research is from acute to chronic care experience throughout life span. It involves health promotion and preventive care for individual, families and communities in different settings. It is important for nursing research to widen the scope in order to have a greater impact in future. The aspect of health promotion and preventive care are very important because some diseases are better prevented than treated and while some changes are irreversible such as aging are part of human experience. Health systems and outcomes research focuses on how health care delivery influences quality, cost and experience of patient.
Compliance with Health Information Management Laws and Regulations Introduction Privacy and confidentiality are the fundamental aspects of health information management. The most important thing in health information management is the assurance to patients that the information they share with health professionals shall be maintained with confidentiality ("HIM Functions in Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety", 2018). The absence of such assurances increases the likelihood of patients withholding critical information. Withholding of information in health management may lead to detrimental effects which include adverse effects on the quality, safety as well as the outcome of care. Due to the high level of risk associated with health information,
Health Management Information System (HMIS) is a process of collection, processing, and reporting the relevant information to health care providers and managers for effective and efficient planning and service delivery. It is one of the critical elements of managing, in an integrated fashion, various public health programmes under the department of Health. Properly organized, implemented and used HMIS can alone contribute very significantly to improve program delivery and thus the outcome. Thus accurate, relevant and up-to-date information is essential for the health service providers /manager at all levels so that they can initiate action on the gaps in the system based on evidence and information. Conventionally, information from Sub-centers
An unfavorable outcome is that patient quality can suffer, resulting in a range of preventable complications, including medication errors, emergency room overcrowding, and more frightening, increased mortality rates. This trend may potentially threaten to damage quality medical care. The importance of nurses in health care and the impact they have on their patients’ mental health is something that is usually being unconsidered in both the healthcare industry and in society in
• Outreach and education and EHR support (working with vendors but also help health care providers choose a certified EHR system (Hartzband, 2015). RECs offer a wide array of valuable services, which may include: • RECs provide a new patient-centered service line to help providers across the country adopt and implement new patient and family engagement tools strategies and tools. Health providers interested in implementing and optimizing health IT that is patient centered use available REC resources and
They analyze and extract important medical data from all pertinent records in order to create an organized chronology that highlights the medical care that was provided to an injured claimant before and after the date of injury. Medical chronologists examine billing records and summarize the costs in reports for medical experts. They evaluate medical records to verify the continuity of health care and find gaps or omissions in treatment. Medical chronologists prepare detailed summaries of all records and verify if the chronology objectives are clearly achieved and in accordance with all applicable policies and procedures. Medical chronologists must be able to comply with established deadlines and legal timeframes to complete records reviews.
Security should always be required when accessing patient records. Data use agreements and connections between HIE organizations are also a concern with health information exchange. “The types of healthcare partners that are needed is a challenge when determining the trading area needed for a viable HIE” (PHII, 2005). Although there are challenges, there are opportunities with implementing a health information exchange system. One opportunity is HIE can improve reporting to public health and in return improve the health of the community.
Make and keep your major health decisions with advance health care directives. While they vary by state, advance directives can carry significant importance, especially as one gets older and increasingly concerned with health care and end-of-life decisions. Typically, two basic advance directives can cover a patient’s needs: the durable power of attorney for health care and the living will. Both serve the purpose of empowering the individual concerning personal health care in the case of incapacitation by illness or injury. The living will protects a person’s predetermined choices relating to how their physician carries out their health care or end-of-life care in the event that they become unconscious or mentally incapable.